The State, War, and the State of War

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Cambridge University Press, 1996 - 254 Seiten
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The State, War, and the State of War
by Holsti, Kalevi J.; Lamy, Steve (Contribution by); Smith, Steve (Contribution by); Biersteker, Thomas (Contribution by); Brown, Chris (Contribution by); Cerny, Phil (Contribution by); Grieco, Joseph (Contribution by); Groom, A. J. R. (Contribution by); Higgott, Richard (Contribution by); Ikenberry, G. John (Contribution by); Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline (Contribution by)


Terms of Use
Preface
1 Thinking about war in international politics
2 Wars of the third kind
3 The formation of states before 1945
4 The creation of states since 1945
5 The strength of states
6 The perils of the weak: the state-strength dilemma
7 Wars of the third kind and international politics
8 Analyzing an anomaly: war, peace, and the state in South America
9 International responses to the weak state: managing and resolving wars of the third kind; Appendix: major armed conflicts by region and type, 1945-1995
References
Index
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Summary

The State, War, and the State of War
by Holsti, Kalevi J.; Lamy, Steve (Contribution by); Smith, Steve (Contribution by); Biersteker, Thomas (Contribution by); Brown, Chris (Contribution by); Cerny, Phil (Contribution by); Grieco, Joseph (Contribution by); Groom, A. J. R. (Contribution by); Higgott, Richard (Contribution by); Ikenberry, G. John (Contribution by); Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline (Contribution by)



Terms of use
War has traditionally been studied as a problem deriving from the relations between states. Strategic doctrines, arms control agreements, and the foundation of international organizations such as the United Nations are designed to prevent wars between states. Since 1945, however, the incidence of interstate war has actually been declining rapidly, while the incidence of internal wars has been increasing. The author argues that in order to understand this significant change in historical patterns, we should jettison many of the analytical devices derived from international relations studies and shift attention to the problems of ‘weak’ states, those states unable to sustain domestic legitimacy and peace. This book surveys some of the foundations of state legitimacy and demonstrates why many weak states will be the locales of war in the future. Finally, the author asks what the United Nations can do about the problems of weak and failed states.

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Inhalt

Thinking about war in international politics
1
The theoretical analysis of war
6
Theoretical solutions to war
10
The relevance of old concepts to new environments
13
Wars of the third kind
19
Institutionalized war
28
The descent to total war
32
From total war to wars of the third kind
36
Practices and policies that prevent or erode legitimacy
108
The statestrength dilemma
116
Individual responses to the statestrength dilemma
118
Failed states
119
Wars of the third kind and international politics
123
Patterns of external involvement in wars of the third kind
126
politicalsecurity approaches
128
politicaleconomy approaches
136

The formation of states before 1945
41
The community of citizens
45
The community of nationals
48
The problem of state creation in 1919
53
War and the making of states in Europe
58
The creation of states since 1945
61
The question of nationalism
67
National liberation
72
International legitimation of postcolonial states
73
The universalization of the state format
79
The strength of states
82
Authorityconsent
84
Community
87
The continuum of state strength
90
Strong states
91
The perils of the weak the statestrength dilemma
99
The variety of states
102
Structural characteristics of weak states
104
zones of war zones of peace
141
Analyzing an anomaly war peace and the state in South America
150
a classical zone of war
151
a nowar zone
154
South America as a zone of peace?
157
the problem of explanation
161
Toward a zone of peace? System transformation at the end of the millennium
175
The theoretical significance of the South American states system
180
International responses to the weak state managing and resolving wars of the third kind
183
The founding fathers image of the United Nations
188
Expanding tasks and changing norms since 1989
190
the Bosnia prototype
192
The ultimate question
202
War the state and the study of international politics
205
Major armed conflicts by region and type 19451995
210
References
225
Index
250
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