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light; but it is sure to be dug up the next age, and enrich posterity.”

30. His study! with what authors is it stor'd ? In books, not authors, curious is


Lord :
To all their dated backs he turns you round;
These Aldus printed, these Du Sueil has bound:
Lo! some are vellum, and the rest as good,
For all his Lordship knows; but they are wood.*

There is a flatness and insipidity in the last“ couplet, much below the usual manner of our author. Young has been more sprightly and poignant on the same subject.

With what, O, Codrus! is thy fancy smit?
The flower of learning, and the bloom of wit.
Thy gaudy shelves with crimson bindings glow,
And Epictetus is a perfect beau ;
How fit for thee! bound up in crimson too,
Gilt, and like them devoted to the view.
Thy books are furniture. Methinks 'tis hard
That Science should be purchas'd by the yard ;
And Tonson, turn’d upholsterer, send home
The gilded leather to fit up thy room.t

31. Where

* Ver. 133.

+ Universal Passion, Sat. 2.

31. Where sprawl * the Saints of Verrio and LAGUERRE.

I can

One single verb has marked with felicity and force, the distorted attitudes, the indecent subjects, the want of nature and grace, so visible in the pieces of these two artists, employed to adorn I our royal palaces and chapels. not help thinking, (says Pope to Mr. Allen, in Letter 89, vol. ix.) and I know you will join with me, who have been making an altar-piece, that the zeal of the first reformers was ill-placed, in removing pictures (that is to say, examples) out of churches ;ş and yet suffering epitaphs


* He is not so happy in the use of another verb below; at Verse 153.

The rich buffet well-colour'd serpents grace.

+ Ver. 146.

Strange as it may seein, yet I believe we may venture to assert, that there is not a painted ceiling, or stair-case, in this kingdom, that we should not be ashamed to shew to an intelli. gent foreigner.

$ The chapel of New College, in Oxford, will soon receive a singular and invaluable ornament; a window, the glass of which is stained by Mr. Jervis, from that exquisite picture of the Nativity by Sir Joshua Reynolds.

(that is to say, flatteries and false history) to be a burthen to church-walls, and the shame as well as derision of all honest men." This is the sentiment, it may be said, of a papistical poet; and yet I cannot forbear thinking it is founded on good sense, and religion well understood. Notwithstanding the illiberal and ill-grounded rage which has lately been excited against Popery, yet I hope we may still, one day, see our places of worship beautified with proper ornaments, and the generosity and talents of our living artists perpetuated on the naked walls of St. Paul's.

32. To rest the cushion and soft Dean invite,

Who never mentions hell to ears polite.*

This, it seems, was a fact concerning a certain smooth, and supple, and inoffensive Divine, one, we may imagine, that held the doctrines which Dr. Young so agreeably laughs at in his sixth satire:

“ Shall pleasures of a short duration chain
A Lady's soul in everlasting pain?
Will the great Author us poor worms destroy,
For now and then a sip of transient joy?"


* Ver. 149.

No, He's for ever in a smiling mood;
He's like themselves; or how could he be good ?
And they blaspheme, who blacker schemes suppose.
Devoutly thus, Jehovah they depose,
The pure, the just! and set up, in his stead,
A deity, that's perfectly well-bred!

33. Yet hence the poor are cloath’d, the hungry fed ;

Health to himself, and to his infants bread,
The lab'rer bears.*.

A fine turned and moral reflection, which illustrates the doctrines of his Essay, in the second epistle, when he says, at line 237,

Each individual seeks a sev'ral goal ;
But Heav'n's great view is One, and that the whole;
That counterworks each folly and caprice;
That disappoints th' effect of ev'ry vice;
That Virtue's end from vanity can raise,
Which seeks no interest; no reward, but praise ;
And builds on wants, and on defects of mind,
The joy, the peace, the glory of mankind.

That Providence should extract good from evil, and alter its natural bias and malignity, is a doctrine widely different from the loose and flagitious principles of MANDEVILLE, who has




+ Ver. 169.

endeavoured to prove, that private vices are public benefits.

34. You, tou, proceed ! make falling arts your care;

Erect new wonders, and the old repair :
Jones and Palladio to themselves restore,
And be whate'er Vitruvius was before.*

This is not fulsome adulation, but only such honest praise as the noble Lord whom he addressed strictly deserved ; who inherited all that love of science, and useful knowledge, for which his family has been so famous. The name of Boyle is, indeed, auspicious to literature. That sublime genius, and good man, Bishop BERKELEY, owed his preferment chiefly to this accomplished peer :

for it was he that recommended him to the Duke of Grafton, in the year 1721, who took him over with him to Ireland when he was Lord Lieutenant, and promoted him to the deanery of Derry in the year 1724.1 Berkeley gained the


* Ver. 191.

+ ATTERBURY was desirous of seeing Berkeley; to whom he was introduced by the Earl of Berkeley. After he had left the room, " What does your Lordship think of my cousin ? (said


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