Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

culiar to the present order, and, at the same time, common to all the species which it contains, they form the best and surest characteristic by which to distinguish it from other groups of equal value.

(To be continued).

ART. VI.-— Remarks on the Botany of Selborne. By Mr. WILLIAM

PAMPLIN, jun., A.L.S. HAVING visited Selborne several different times in the course of my botanical researches in the county of Hants, I am enabled to give the accompanying short and confessedly imperfect sketch of the Botany of that truly delightful spot,-a spot not less dear to the admirers of its amiable natural historian and topographer, the Rev. Gilbert White,-than to the lovers of rural retirement, or the cultivators of either branch of natural knowledge, with whom this romantic district will always be esteemed as truly classic ground.

In preparing this rough draft of the Flora Selbornensis, two separate objects have been aimed at :-First I have enumerated such of the plants as are recorded by Mr. White as growing there in his time; so far as, from my own actual observation, I have succeeded in verifying their present existence in the localities which he has pointed out: and secondly, I have given a catalogue of a few other plants of rather rare occurrence, or otherwise interesting, which I have met with at various times in the immediately surrounding neighbourhood.

A list of so many of Mr. White's plants mentioned in letter lxxxiii, as have come under my observation at different times between 1829 and 1836. CHRYSOSPLENIUM oppositifolium. Abundantly in the moist rocky lanes,

particularly in the very deep lane near Norton farm, where it grows

luxuriantly. DAPHNE Laureola.

Mezereum. I did not perceive it in the spot mentioned by Mr. White; it however grows, to all appearance perfectly wild, and not sparingly, in the beech woods between West Meon and Bramdean. I am indebted for this locality to Mrs. W. Moody, of West Meon,

who showed me specimens collected there. Dipsacus pilosus. In sufficient plenty in 1836. DROSERA rotundifolia. And in bogs on the Common between Oakhanglongifolia.

}

er and Kingsley. EPIPACTIS (Serapias in White) latifolia. HELLEBORUS viridis. I was unable to find this plant, although I dili

gently sought it in Mr. White's recorded station, May, 1836.

HYPERICUM Androsæmum.
LATHRÆA squamaria I saw not.
Listera (Ophrys in White) Nidus-avis. In sufficient plenty
Monotrop. Hypopitys. It also occurs in many other parts of this coun-

ty, in woods of beech or fir. Paris quadrifolia. I gathered some remarkably strong specimens of it

here in May, 1836. Sambucus Ebulus. VACCINIUM Myrtillus.

Oxycoccus is said to grow also in the bogs of Hind Head Heath, near where the Osmunda regalis grows. A catalogue of the rarer species of indigenous plants which have been observed growing near Selborne.

ADOXA moschatellina, plentifully duced to notice here this beauARABIs hirsuta

tiful and rare plant, although Aspidium, many species, including strictly it would not come within lobatum

the present limits. I found it aculeatum

in August 1828, most abundantspinulosum and its vari ly in the large woods between eties

East Meon and Clanfield, a few BLECHNUM boreale

miles S.W. by W. of Petersfield CAMPANULA patula, on the dry gra Mentha rotundifolia

velly banks of a lane near Bram ManchiA erecta
shot, plentifully, 1829; and I NarTheCiUm ossifragum
have specimens gathered there RADIOLA millegrana
in 1835, by Miss Frances Pamp Ranunculus parviflorus, on the
lin.

stony banks in and near the vilCHENOPODIUM Bonus Henricus, lage

about the Priory, plentifully RIBES grossularia, hedge-banks; EPILOBIUM angustifolium

also at Prior's Dean, near SelERIOPHORUM, two species grow

borne together in the bogs at Oak. - rubrum, near the Priory, hanger

towards Oakhanger Hesperis inodora, in the hedge of SPERGULA nodosa the orchard field adjoining Mr.

Taxus baccata. There are two reWhite's garden, whence it may markably fine and large old trees possibly have originally escaped. in this neighbourhood; the one I have however, in the present in Selborne and the other in Priyear (1836), seen it in three dis or's Dean Church-yards; the tant spots in this county, appa

stem of the latter measures near

ly 30 feet in circumference, and Hypericum elodes, bogs on the that of the former scarcely less. various Commons, plentifully

Both equal in appearance, if LATHYRUS latifolius, Long Lithe, they do not surpass, the famous

Selborne, 1837; Mr. Al. Irvine venerable' tree at Aldworth, in LITHOSPERMUM officinale

Berkshire, LITTORELLA lacustris, Woolmer TEESDALIA nudicaulis, most abun

pond is in a manner paved with dant all over the sandy district.

it; also Frensham ponds TURRITIS glabra, bank near FroxLYCOPODIUM inundatum, bogs near field, sparingly Oakhanger

VIOLA flavicornis, not unfrequent MELAMPYRUM cristatum. I am in.

The district is rich in Ferns, Willows, &c., the former indeed flourish in the deep shady lanes in wonderful variety and unusual beauty.

rently wild

ART. VII.-List of the Entomological Writings of Thomas Say.

By EDWARD DOUBLEDAY, Esq. Since my return from the United States, several of my friends have suggested to me that the publication of a list of the entomological writings of Thos. Say, especially if that list indicated the works in which they can be found, would render a service to Entomology, and be in part the means of doing justice, or causing it to be done, to the merits of that indefatigable naturalist, whose labours are far less known than they ought to be, partly from the vast variety of publications through which his papers were given to the public, and partly from the little attention which has been paid in England to the labours of our transatlantic brethren.

We are, it is true, accustomed to look on Say as, par excellence, the American entomologist; but how few form an adequate idea of that ardent zeal, that untiring energy, that perseverence under the most depressing circumstances, that indefatigable industry in collecting, that laborious accuracy in describing with clearness and precision, and above all, of that high moral worth, that kindness of heart and gentleness of disposition, which make him an object of veneration to all who knew him, and cause his memory to be cherished with fondness by all who had once the happiness of calling him their friend!

Thomas Say is no more. Science mourns yet over the noblest of her votaries in the Western World. Long has he been robbed of much of the merit due to him, by some, through ignorance, by others, wilfully. There are those, shame be upon them !' there are those to whom he sent specimens, labelled with his own hand, with names given them by himself, to whom he pointed out when and where he had described those species,-there are those who yet have wantonly disregarded his names, and, taking advantage of the difficulty of procuring his writings, described these very specimens under others, for the sake of a claim to an apparent priority in naming them, false though that claim were. Let us, in England, for the future, strive to do him justice. From English naturalists he has experienced no wilful injury; by neglect however he has.

By the kindness of Dr. Harris of Cambridge, Mass., I am enabled to publish a more complete list of Say's entomological writings than has yet appeared. They are as follows.

1. Description of several new species of North American Insects. Jour

nal of the Academy of Nat. Sciences of Philadelphia ; vol. i. pp. 19– 23. Published in June, 1817.

This paper contains 5 Cicindela, 1 Nemognatha, 1 Zonitis and 1 Diopsis. 2. Some account of the Insect known by the name of the Hessian Fly,

and of a parasitic insect that feeds on it. Journ. Acad. Nat. Sci. vol.

i. pp. 45–48, and 63–64. Published July and August, 1817. 3. Monograph of the North American Insects of the genus Cicindela.

American Philosophical Transactions, New Series, vol. i. pp. 401–

426. Published in 1818. 4. Descriptions of the Thysanouræ of the United States. Journ. Acad.

Nat. Sci. vol. ii. pp. 11—14. Published in 1821. 5. On a South American species of Estrus which infests the human body

Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. vol. ii. pp. 353—360. Published Decemb. 1822 6. Descriptions of Insects of the Families Carabici and Hydrocanthaci

inhabiting North America. Am. Phil. Trans. New Ser. vol. ii. p. 1–

109. Published in 1823. 7. Descriptions of some new species of Hymenopterous Insects, collected

during the expedition to the Rocky Mountains, under the command of Major Long, in 1819-20. Western Quarterly Reporter, Vol. ii. No. 1

for Jany. Feby. & March, 1823, pp. 71–82; 8vo. Cincinnati, Ohio. 8. Descriptions of Insects belonging to the Order Neuroptera, Linn. and

Latreille, collected by the Expedition under the command of Major
Long. West. Quart. Reporter, Vol. ii., No. 2, for April, May, & June,

1823, pp. 160—165. 9. Descriptions of Dipterous Insects of the United States. Jour. Acad

Nat. Sci. vol. iii. pp. 9—54, and 73—104. Published in 1823. 10. Descriptions of Coleopterous Insects collected in the Expedition to the

Rocky Mountains; (356 species). Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. vol. iii. pp. 139—216, 238—282, 298-331, 403—462; and vol. iv. p. 83–99.

Published in 1823-4. 11. Account of the Insect (Ægeria exitiosa) so injurious to the Peach-tree

Journ. Acad. Nat. Sci. vol. iii. pp. 216–217. Published 1823. 12. Keating's Narrative of an Expedition to the Source of St. Peter's Ri

ver, &c. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1824.

The Appendix contains descriptions by Say of 47 Coleopterous, 1 Orthopterous, 7 Hemipterous, 11 Neuropterous, 74 Hymenopterous

and 39 Dipterous Insects. 13. American Entomology, 3 vols. Published 1817—1828. 14. Descriptions of New American species of the genera Buprestis, Trachys

and Elater. Annals of the Lyceum of New York, vol. i. pp. 249–

268. Published February and June, 1825. 15. Descriptions of new Hemipterous (and Orthopterous) Insects collected

in the Expedition to the Rocky Mountains. Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.

vol. iv. p. 307–345. Published March and April, 1825. 16. Descriptions of new species of Hister and Hololepta inhabiting the Unit

ed States. Journ. Acad. Nat. Sci. vol. v. p. 32–47. Published June

and July, 1825. 17. Descriptions of new speeies of Coleopterous Insects inhabiting the

United States. Jour. Acad Nat. Sci. vol. v. pp. 160—204, 237–284,

293—304. Published Dec. 1825, Nov. and Dec. 1826. 18. Note on LeConte's Coleopterous Insects of North America. 19. Descriptions of new species of Hymenoptera of the United States.

These two papers were published in a periodical which expired at the third number, entitled “Contributions to the Maclurean Lyceum

of Philadelphia, the former in July, 1827, and the latter in Jan. 1828. 20. Descriptions of North American Dipterous Insects. Journ. Acad. Nat.

Sci. vol. vi. part 1. p. 149–178, and vol. vi. part 2, p. 183—188.

Published in 1829-30. 21. Correspondence relative to the Insect that destroys the Cotton Plant.

From the New Harmony Disseminator, 1830. 22. Descriptions of new North American Insects, and Observations on some

already described.

This paper contains only Coleoptera, and ends with part of the Elateridæ. It was printed at New Harmony, at different intervals between March 17th, 1830, and August 1st, 1834, forming an 8vo. vvlume of 81 pages. Part of this paper was reprinted in the fourth vol. of the new series of the Transactions of the Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, in 1834. The remainder of the part already published at New Harmony, and a continuation from Say's MSS. will appear in the next volume of their Transactions. It ends with Eucnemis and

Throscus. 23. Descriptions of new species of Curculionites of North America, with

Observations on some of the species already known. 8vo. pp. 30.

New Harmony, Indiana, 1831. 24. Descriptions of new species of Heteropterous Hemiptera of North Ame

rica. 8vo. pp. 39. New Harmony, Dec. 1831. 25. New species of North American Insects found by Joseph Barabino,

chiefly in Louisiana. 8vo. pp. 16. New Harmony, Jany. 1832. 26. Descriptions of new North American Hemipterous Insects, belonging

to the first family of the section Homoptera of Latreille. Jour. Acad.

Nat. Sci. vol. vi. pp. 235—244, and 2914314. Published 1830-1. 27. Descriptions of new North American Coleopterous Insects, with Ob

servations on some already described. Boston Journal of Natural His

tory, Vol. i. No. 2, for May, 1835. 28. Descriptions of new species of North American Hymenoptera, and Ob

servations on some already described. Boston Journal of Nat. Hist.

Vol. i. No. 3, May 1836, and No. 4, May, 1837. 29. Descriptions of new North American Neuropterous Insects, (Libelluli

da, Ephemerides, and Megaloptera), and Observations on others already described.

This paper was not published when I was at Cambridge, Mass., in October, but Dr. Harris informed me that it would appear in the forthcoming volume of the Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. A few manuscript descriptions are still in Dr. Harris's hands.

Epping, Feb. 18th, 1839.

Vol. III.-No. 27. n. s.

« ZurückWeiter »