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N. Blakey invis deliv.1748.

Ravenet Iculp;

Self Love still stronger, as its Objects nigh, Reason's at distance, and in prospectlyél in

That sees immediate lood, boy presentSense, Reason the future, and the Consequence 7


von Man, Ap.II.



I. NOW then thyself, presume not to God

to fcan;
The proper study of Mankind is Man.
Plac'd on this isthmus of a middle state,
A Being darkly wise, and rudely great:

VARIATIONS. VER. 2. Ed. ist.

The only science of Mankind is Man.

COMMENTAR Y. VER. 2. The proper siudy &c.] The poet having shewn, in the first epistle, that the Ways of God are too high for our comprehension, rightly draws this conclusion: and methodically makes it the subject of his Introduction to the second, which treats of the Nature of Man.

But here immediately the accusers of Providence would be apt to object, and say, Admit that we had run into an excefs, while we pretended to cenfure or penetrate the designs of Providence, a matter indeed too high for us; yet have you gone as far into the opposite extreme, while you only send us to the

NOTES. VER. 3. Plac'd on this ifth- represented Man as doubting mus &c.] As the Poet hath and wavering between the given us this description of right and wrong object; from man for the very contrary pur

which state there are great pose to which Sceptics are wont hopes he may be relieved by to employ such kind of paint- a careful and circumspect use ings, namely not to deter men of Reason. On the contrary, from the search, but to excite had he supposed Man so blind them to the discovery of truth;

as to be busied in chusing, or he hath, with great judgment, | doubtful in his choice, between

With too much knowledge for the Sceptic fide, 5
With too much weakness for the Stoic's pride,
He hangs between; in doubt to act, or reft;
In doubt to deem himself a God, or Beast;

COMMENTARY. knowledge of our own Nature: You must mock us when you talk of this as a study ; for sure we are intimately acquainted with OURSELVES. The proper conclusion therefore from your demonstration of our inability to comprehend the ways of God, is, that we should turn ourselves to the study of the frame of NATURE. Thus, I say, would they be apt to object; for, of all Men, those who call themselves Free-thinkers are most given up to Pride; especially that kind of it, which consists in a boasted knowledge of their own nature, the effects of which are so well

NOTES. two objects equally wrong, the run into the very absurdity cafe had appeared desperate, which, I have here shewn, Mr. and all study of Man had been Pope so artfully avoided. Of effectually discouraged.' But which, the learned Reader his Translator, M. De Refnel, may take the following examnot seeing the reason and ples. The Poet says, beauty of this conduct, hath

Man acts between; in doubt to act, or rest. Now he tells us 'tis Man's their principle the latter word duty to alt, not rest, as the alludes, whose Virtue, as he Stoics thought; and, to this says afterwards, is

fix'd as in a Frost,
Contracted all, retiring to the breast :

But strength of mind is EXERCISE not REST.
Now hear the Translator, who is not for mincing matters,

Seroit-il en naissant au travail condamné ?

Aux douceurs du répos feroit-il destiné ? and these are both wrong, for yet indulged in the Luxury of Man is neither condemned to repose. Again, the Poet, in a savis Toil and Labour, nor beautiful allusion to Scripture

In doubt his Mind or Body to prefer ;
Born but to die, and reas’ning but to err;


COMMENTARY. exposed in the first Epistle. The poet, therefore, to convince them that this study is less easy than they imagine, replies (from * 2 to 19) to the first part of the objection, by describing the dark and feeble state of the human Understanding, with regard to the knowledge of ourselves. And farther, to strengthen this argument, he thews, in answer to the second part of the objection (from 18 to 31) that the highest advances in natural knowledge may be easily acquired, and yet we, all the while, continue very ignorant of ourselves. For that neither the clearest science, which results from the Newtonian philosophy, nor the moft sublime, which is taught by the Platonic, will at all affift us in this self-study; nay, what is more, that Religion itself, when grown fanatical and enthusiastic, will be equally useless : Though pure and sober Religion will best instruct us in Man's Nature, that knowledge being essential to Religion, whose subject is Man considered in all his relations; and, consequently, whose object is God.

NOTES. sentiments, breaks out into

on man's condition here,

1 this just and moral reflection

Born but to die, and reas'ning but to err. The Translator turns this fine most outragious Scepticism; and sober thought into the

Ce n'est que pour mourir, qu'il est , qu'il respire,

Et toute la raison n'est presque qu'un delire. and so m his Author di


he says of Man, that he hath rectly contradi&t himself, where

too much knowledge for the Sceptic side. VER. 10. Born but to die, hend some few truths. This &c.] The author's meaning is the weak state of Reason, is, that, as we are 6


in which Error mixes itself and yet enjoy some small por with all its true conclusions tion of life; so, though we concerning Man's Nature. réafon to err, yet we compre

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