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Imperial wonders rais'd on Nations fpoil'd,
Where mix'd with Slaves the groaningMartyr toil'd:
Huge Theatres, that now unpeopled Woods,
Now drain'd a distant country of her Floods :
Fanes, which admiring Gods with pride survey,
Statues of Men, fcarce lefs alive than they!
Some felt the filent ftroke of mould'ring age,
Some hoftile fury, fome religious rage.
Barbarian blindness, Christian zeal confpire,
And Papal piety, and Gothic fire.

NOTES.

and is, therefore, a corollary | wonder how this circumstance to the fourth. came to find a place here. But let him compare it with 13, 14, and he will fee the Reafon, Barbarian blindness, Chriftian zeal confpire, And papal piety, and gothic fire. For the Slaves mentioned above | were of the fame nation with the Barbarians here: and the Chriftians here, the Succeffors of the Martyrs there: Providence ordaining, that thefe fhould ruin what those were fo injuriously employed in rearing for the poet never lofeth fight of his great principle.

VER. 9. Fanes, which ad

VER. 6. Where mix'd with flaves the groaning Martyr toil'd] The inattentive reader might |

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miring Gods with pride furvey,] Thefe Gods were the then Tyrants of Rome, to whom the Empire raised Temples. The epithet, admiring, conveys a ftrong ridicule; that paffion, in the opinion of Philofophy, always conveying the ideas of ignorance and mifery:

Nil admirari prope res eft una, Numici,

Solaque quæ poffit facere & fervare beatum.

Admiration implying our ignorance of other things; pride, our ignorance of ourselves.

Perhaps, by its own ruins fav'd from flame, 15
Some bury'd marble half preferves a name;
That Name the learn'd with fierce difputes pursue,
And give to Titus old Vefpafian's due.

Ambition figh'd: She found it vain to trust The faithlefs Column and the crumbling Buft: Huge moles, whose shadow stretch'd from shore to fhore,

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Their ruins perish'd, and their place no more!
Convinc'd, fhe now contracts her vast design,
And all her Triumphs shrink into a Coin.
A narrow orb each crouded conqueft keeps, 25
Beneath her Palm here fad Judæa weeps.

Now scantier limits the proud Arch confine,
And scarce are seen the proftrate Nile or Rhine;
A fmall Euphrates thro' the piece is roll'd,
And little Eagles wave their wings in gold.

NOTES.

VER. 18. And give to Titus old Vefpafian's due.] A fine infinuation of the entire want of Tafte in Antiquaries; whofe ignorance of Characters mifleads them, (fupported only by a name) againft Reafon and Hiftory.

VER. 25. A narrow Orb

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The Medal, faithful to its charge of fame, Thro' climes and bears each form and name: ages In one short view fubjected to our eye

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Gods, Emp'rors, Heroes, Sages, Beauties, lie.
With fharpen'd fight pale Antiquaries pore,
Th' infcription value, but the ruft adore.
This the blue varnish, that the green endears,
The facred ruft of twice ten hundred
years!
To gain Pefcennius one employs his schemes,
One grafps a Cecrops in ecftatic dreams.
Poor Vadius, long with learned fpleen devour'd,
Can tafte no pleasure fince his Shield was fcour'd:
And Curio, restless by the Fair-one's fide,
Sighs for an Otho, and neglects his bride.

Theirs is the Vanity, the Learning thine: 45
Touch'd by thy hand, again Rome's glories shine;
Her Gods, and god-like Heroes rife to view,
And all her faded garlands bloom a-new.

NOTES.

VER. 35. With fharpen'd fight pale Antiquaries pore,] Microfcopic glaffes, invented by philofophers to difcover the beauties in the minuter works of nature, ridiculously applied by Antiquaries, to detect the

cheats of counterfeit medals.

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Nor blush, these studies thy regard engage;
These pleas'd the Fathers of poetic rage;
The verfe and fculpture bore an equal part,
And Art reflected images to Art.

Oh when shall Britain, conscious of her claim,
Stand emulous of Greek and Roman fame ?
In living medals fee her wars enroll❜d,
And vanquish'd realms fupply recording gold?
Here, rifing bold, the Patriot's honest face ;
There Warriors frowning in historic brass :
Then future ages with delight fhall fee
How Plato's, Bacon's, Newton's looks agree; 60

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NOTES.

VER. 49. Nor blush, thefe" ow'd his Fame and ForStudies thy regard engage;] A "tune. He spoke of his Works fenfelefs affectation which fome "as of Trifles that were beneath writers of eminence have be- "him; and hinted to me in trayed; who when fortune, or "our firft Converfation, that their talents have raised them "I fhould vifit him upon no to a condition to do without "other Foot than that of a those arts, for which only "Gentleman, who led a Life they gained our esteem, have "of plainnefs and fimplicity. pretended to think letters below "Ianfwer'd, that, had he been their Character. This falfe "fo unfortunate as to be a fhame M. Voltaire has very "mere Gentleman, I fhould well, and with proper indignation, expofed in his account of Mr. Congreve : "He had one Defect, which "was, his entertaining too 66 mean an Idea of his firft "Profeffion, (that of a Wri-tain, "ter) tho' 'twas to this he

never have come to see him; "and I was very much difguft"ed at fo unfeasonable a piece "of vanity. Letters concerning the English Nation, xix.

VER. 53. Oh when shall Bri

&c.] A compliment to one of Mr. Addifon's papers in

Or in fair feries laurell'd Bards be shown,

A Virgil there, and here an Addifon.

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Then shall thy CRAGGS (and let me call him mine) On the caft ore, another Pollio, fhine; With aspect open, fhall erect his head, And round the orb in lasting notes be read, "Statesman, yet friend to Truth! of foul fincere, "In action faithful, and in honour clear; "Who broke no promise, ferv'd no private end, "Who gain'd no title, and who loft no friend; "Ennobled by himself, by all approv'd, "And prais'd, unenvy'd, by the Muse he lov'd.

NOTES.

the Spectator on this fubject. VER. 67. "Statefman, yet friend to truth, &c.] It should be remembered that this poem was written to be printed before Mr. Addison's discourse on Medals, in which there is the the following cenfure of long legends upon coins: "The firft "fault I find with a modern σε legend is its diffusiveness. "You have fometimes the "whole fide of a medal overrun with it. One would fancy the Author had a Defign of being Ciceronian"but it is not only the tedi"oufnefs of these inscriptions

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"that I find fault with; fup66 pofing them of a moderate length, why must they be in "verfe? We fhould be fur66 prized to fee the title of a "ferious book in rhime. Dial. iii.

VER. ult. And prais'd unenvy'd by the Muse he lov'd.] It was not likely that men acting in fo different spheres as were those of Mr. Craggs and Mr. Pope, fhould have their friendfhip disturbed by Envy. We muft fuppofe then that fome circumstances in the friendship of Mr. Pope and Mr. Addison are hinted at in this place.

FIN I S.

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