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Between each Act the trembling salvers ring, 161
leave, 165 Sick of his civil Pride from Morn to Eve ; I curse such lavish cost, and little skill, And swear no Day was ever past so ill.
Yet hence the Poor are cloath'd, the Hungry fed; Health to himself, and to his Infants bread
170 The Lab'rer bears : What his hard Heart denies, His charitable Vanity supplies.
Another age shall fee the golden Ear Imbrown the Slope, and nod on the Parterre,
COMMENTARY. Ver. 173. Another age, &c.] But now a difficulty sticks with me, answers an objector this load of evil still remains a monument of folly to future ages ; an incumbrance to the plain on which it ftands; and a nuisance to the neighbourhood round about, filling it
with imitating fools.
NOTES. Ver. 169. Yet hence the pence more than a good one. Pcor &c.] The Moral of the This recurs to what is laid whole, where Providence down in Book i. Epist. II. is justified in giving Wealth x 230-7, and in the Epistle to those who squander it in this preceding this, $ 161, &c. P. manner. A bad Taste employs more hands, and diffuses Ex- &c.] Had the Poet lived but
Deep Harvests bury all his pride has plann'd, 175 And laughing Ceres re-assume the land.
Who then shall grace, or who improve the Soil ? Who plants like BATHURST, or who builds like
COMMENTARY. For men are apt to take the example next at hand; and aptest of all to take a bad one. No fear of that, replies the poet, (from 172 to 177.) Nothing abfurd or wrong is exempt from the jurisdiction of Time, which is always sure to do full justice on it;
Another age fall see the golden Ear
And laughing Ceres re-assume the land.
'Tis Use alone that fanctifies Expence ; and nothing but the fanctity of that can arrest the justice of Time. And thus the second part concludes; which consisting of an example of false Taste in every attempt to Magnificence, is full of concealed precepts for the true : As the first part, which contains precepts for true Taste, is full of examples of the falfe.
III. VER. 177. Who then Mall grace, &c.] We come now to the third and last part, (from y 176 to the end) and, as in the first, the poet had given examples of wrong judged Magnificence, in
NOTES. three Years longer, he had seen great beauty of this line is an this prophecy fulfilled.
instance of the art peculiar to VER. 176. Aired laughing our poet; by which he has so Ceres re-asume the land.] The | disposed a trite classical figure,
'Tis Use alone that fanctifies Expence, And Splendor borrows all her rays from Sense. 180
His Father's Acres who enjoys in peace, Or makes his Neighbours glad, if he encrease : Whose chearful Tenants bless their yearly toil, Yet to their Lord owe more than to the soil
COMMENTARY. things of Taste without Sense; and, in the second, an example of others without either Sense or Taste; so the third is employed in two examples of Magnificence in Planting and Building ; where both Sense and Taste highly.prevail : The one in him, to whom this Epistle is addressed; and the other, in the truly noble person whose amiable Character bore so conspicuous a part in the foregoing.
Who then fall grace, or who improve the Soil?
Who plants like BATHURST, or who builds like Boyle. Where in the fine description he gives of these two fpecies of Magnificence, he artfully insinuates, that tho', when executed in a true Taste, the great end and aim of both be the same. viz. the general good, in use or ornament; yet that their progress to this end is carried on in direct contrary courses; that, in
NOTES. as not only to make it do its
to make it do its rays from sense.) Here the poet, vulgar office, of representing to make the examples of good very plentiful harvest, but also Taste the better understood, into assume the Image of Na troduces them with a summary ture, re-establishing herself in of his Precepts in these two her rights, and mocking the sublime lines : for, the consultvain efforts of false magnifi-ing Use is beginning with Sense; cence, which would keep her and the making Splendor or out of them,
Taste borrow all its rays from Ver. 179, 180. Tis Use thence, is going on wiih Sense, alone that fanctifies Extence, after she has led us up to Talte. And Spendor borrows all her 1. The art of this can never be
Whose ample Lawns are not alham'd to feed 185
COMMENTARY. Planting, the private advantage of the neighbourhood is first promoted, till, by time, it rises up to a public benefit :
Whose ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed
The milky beifer and deserving steed;
But future Buildings, future Navies grow. On the contrary, the wonders of Architecture ought first to be bestowed on the public:
Bid Harbors open, public IVays extend,
The Mole projected break the roaring main. And when the public has been properly accommodated and adorned, then, and not till then, the works of private Magnificence may take place. This was the order observd by those two great Empires, from whom we received all we have of this polite art: We read not of any Magnificence in the private buildings of Greece or Rome, till the generosity of their public spirit had adorned the State with Temples, Emporiums, Councilhouses, Common-Porticos, Baths, and Theatres.
NOTES fufficiently admired. But the , deed, it is the idea under which Expression is equal to the it may be properly considered : Thought. This sanctifying of For wealth employed according expence gives us the idea of to the intention of Providence, something confecrated and fet is its true consecration; and apart for ficred ufis; and in the real uses of humanity
You too proceed! make falling Arts your care, Erect new wonders, and the old repair ; Jones and Palladio to themselves restore, And be whate'er Vitruvius was before : Till Kings call forth th' Ideas of your mind, 195 (Proud to accomplish what such hands design'd,) Bid Harbors open, public Ways extend, Bid Temples, worthier of the God, ascend; Bid the broad Arch the dang’rous Flood contain, The Mole projected break the roaring Main; 200
NOTES. were certainly first in its in prince. This Poem was pubtention.
lished in the year 1732, when Ver. 195, 197, &c. 'Till some of the new-built churches, Kings—Bid Harbors open,&c.] by the act of Queen Anne, were The poet after having touched ready to fall, being founded in upon the proper objects of Mag- boggy land (which is satirinificence and Expence, in the cally alluded to in our author's private works of great men, imitation of Horace, Lib. ii. comes to those great and pub- Sat. 2. lick works which become a
Shall half the new-built Churches round thee fall) others were vilely executed, executed, even
to the enthro’ fraudulent cabals between trances of London itself: The undertakers, officers, &c. Da. proposal of building a Bridge genham-breach had done very at Westminster had been petigreat mischiefs į many of the
tion'd against and rejected ; Highways throughout England but in two years after the pubwere hardly paflable ; and most lication of this poem, an Act of those which were repaired by for building a Bridge pass’d thro' Turnpikes were made jobs for both houses. After
deprivate lucre, and infamously l bates in the committee, the