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Not for himself he sees, or hears, or eats ;
Artists must chuse his Pictures, Music, Meats:
He buys for Topham, Drawings and Designs,
For Pembroke Statues, dirty Gods, and Coins
Rare monkith Manuscripts for Hearne alone,
And Books for Mead, and Butterflies for Sloane. 10

COMMENTARY. philosophy of this observation, there is a fine Morality contained in it; namely, that ill-got Wealth is not only as unreasonably, but as uncomfortably squandered as it was raked together ; which the poet himself further infinuates in y 15.

What brought Sir Visto's ill-got wealth to waste? -He then illustrates the above obfervation by divers examples in every branch of wrong Tafte; and to set their absurdities in the strongest light, he, in conclusion, contrasts them with feveral instances of the true, in the Nobleman to whom the Epistle is addressed. This disposition is productive of various beau- ' ties; for, by this means, the Introduction becomes an epitome of the body of the Epistle ; which, as we shall see, consists of general reflections on Talle, and particular examples of bad and good. And his friend's Example concluding the Introduction, leads the poet gracefully into the subject itself; for the Lord, here celebrated for his good Taste, was now at hand to deliver the first and fundamental precept of it himself, which gives authority and dignity to all that follow.

NOTES. VER. 7. Topham] A Gen- confequently the dirty attribute tleman famous for a judicious here afligned these Gods of old collection of Drawings. P. renown, is not in disparage

Ver. 8. For Pembroke Sta ment of their worth, but in tues, dirty Gods, and Coins.] high commendation of their The author speaks here not as genuine pretensions. Scribl. a Philosopher or Divine, but as VER. 9. Rare monkis Ma. a Connoiseur and Antiquary; ! nuferipts for Hear.:e alone,]

Think we all these are for himself? no more
Than his fine Wife, alas ! or finer Whore.

For what has Virro painted, built, and planted ? Only to show, how many Tastes he wanted.

14 What brought Sir Visto’s ill got wealth to waste ? Some Dæmon whisper’d, " Vifto! have a Taste.”

NOTES. This is not to be understood | alas ! or finer Whore.] By the in the strictness of the letter, Author's manner of putting toas if Mr. Tho. Hearne enjoy- gether these two different Utened these rarities without a par fils of false Magnificence, it aptaker; for he has been often pears, that, properly speaking, known to exemplify these pré

neither the Wife nor the Whore cious relics under the autho is the real object of modern rity of the Clarendon Print tajte, but the Finery only : ing-house, where the good feed And whoever wears it, whehas sometimes produced forty ther the Wife or the Whore, or fifty fold. Hence, and from it matters not; any further their still continuing as much than that the latter is thought rarities as ever, it may be rea

to deserve it best, as appears sonably concluded they were from her having most of it; not the delight of Mr. T. and so indeed becomes, by acHearne alone, SCRIBL. cident, the more fashionable

VER 10. And Books for Thing of the two. SCRIBL. Mead, and Butterflies for Ver. 17. Heav'n visits with Sloane.) Two eminent Physi a Taste the wealthy fool,] The cians; the one had an excel- present rage of Taste, in this lent Library, the other the overflow of general Luxury, finest collection in Europe of may be very properly reprenatural curiosities; both men sented by a defolating pestilence, of great learning and huma- alluded to in the word visit,

where Taste becomes, as the VER. 12. Than kis fine Wife, poet says, that

planetary Plague, when Jove Does o'er some high-vic'd City hang his poison In the fick air

nity. P.

Heav'n visits with a Taste the wealthy fool,
And needs no Rod but Ripley with a Rule.
See ! sportive fate, to punish aukward pride,
Bids Bubo build, and sends him such a Guide : 20
A standing sermon, at each year's expence,
That never Coxcomb reach'd Magnificence !

You show us, Rome was glorious, not profuse, And

pompous buildings once were things of Use.

VARIATION S.
After ♡ 22. in the MS.

Must Bishops, Lawyers, Statesmen, have the skill
To build, to plant, judge paintings, what you will ?
Then why not Kent as well our treaties draw,
Bridgman explain the Gospel, Gibs the Law?

NOTES. Ver. 18. Ripley) This man But aukward Pride intimates was a carpenter, employed by ¡ luch abilities in its owner, as a first Minister, who raised eases us of the apprehension him to an Architect, without of much mischief from it; fo any genius in the art; and af that the poet fupposes such a ter fome wretched proofs of his one secure from the serious reinsufficiency in public Build sentment of Heaven, though ings, made him Comptroller it may permit fate or fortune of the Board of works. P. to bring him into the public

VER. 19. See! sportive fate, contempt and ridicule, which to punish aukward pride, ] his native badness of heart fo Pride is one of the greatest well deserves. mischiefs, as well as abfurdi Ver. 23. The Earl of Burties of our nature; and there- lington was then publishing the fore, as appears both from Designs of Inigo Jones, and the profane and sacred History, Antiquities of Rome by Pallahas ever been the more pecu dio. P.' liar object of divine vengeance.

Yet shall (my Lord) your just, your noble rules 25
Fill half the land with Imitating-Fools ;
Who random drawings from your sheets shall take,
And of one beauty many blunders make;
Load some vain Church with old Theatric state,
Turn Arcs of triumph to a Garden-gate ; 39

NOTES. VER. 28. And of one beau- , chitectonic ornaments to be ty many blunders make;] Be- / placed on the outward face cause the road to Taste, like whereas those of a Church may that to Truth, is but one ; and be as commodiously, and are those to Error and Absurdity a more properly put within ; parthousand.

ticularly in great and close pentVER. 29. Load fome vain up Cities, where the incessant. Church with old Theatric state,] driving of the smoke, in a lite In which there is a complication tle time corrodes and destroys. of absurdities, arising both from all outward ornaments of this their different natures and forms: kind; especially if the memFor the one being for holy | bers, as is the common taste, service, and the other only be small and little. for civil amusement, it is im OurGothic ancestors had juster poffible that the profuse and and manlier notions than these lascivious ornaments of the lat modern mimics of Greek and ter should become the rete Roman magnificence : which, nuë, reverence, and fanctity because the thing does honour of the other. Nor will any ex to their genius, I shall endeaamples of this vanity of orna vour to explain. All our anciment in the facred buildings of entchurches are called, without antiquity justify this imitation; distinction, Gothic; but erronefor those ornaments might be ously. They are of two forts; very suitable to a Temple of the one built in the Saxon times; Bacchus, or Venus, which would the other during our Norman ill become the fobriety and pu race of kings. Several Catherity of the prefent Religion. dral and Collegiate Churches of

Again, we should consider, the first sort are yet remaining, that the usual form of a The either in whole or in part; of atre would only permit the ar which this was the Original :

Reverse your Ornaments, and hang them all
On some patch'd dog-hole ek'd with ends of wall;

NOTES.

When the Saxon kings became cient art appeared in the circu. christian, their piety, (which lar arches, the entire columns, was the piety of the times) con: the division of the entablature, fisted in building Churches at into a sort of Architrave, Frize home, and performing pilgri- and Cornich, and a solidity emages to the Holy Land: and qually diffused over the whole these spiritual exercises affifted mass. This, by way of distincand supported one another. tion, I would call the SAXON For the most venerable as well | Architecture. a's most elegant models of re But our Norman works had ligious edifices were then in a very different original. When Palestine. From these our the Goths had conquered Spain, Saxon Builders took the whole and the genial warmth of the of their ideas, as may be seen climate, and the religion of the by comparing the drawings old Inhabitants, had ripened which travellers have given us their wits, and inflamed their of the churches

yet standing in mistaken piety (both kept in that country, with the Saxon exercise by the neighbourhood remains of what we find at of the Saracens, thro' emulahome; and particularly in that tion of their science and averfameness of style in the later fion to their superstition) they religious edifices of the Knights ftruck out new species Teinplars (professedly built up- of Architecture unknown to on the model of the church of Greece and Rome; upon orithe holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem) ginal principles, and ideas much with the earlier remains of our nobler than what had given Saxon Edifices. Now the ar birth even to classical magnichitecture of the Holy Land was ficence. For having been acentirely Grecian, but greatly customed, during the gloom fallen from its ancient elegance. of paganism, to worship the Our Saxon performance was in- Deity in Groves (a practice deed a bad copy of it, and as common to all nations) When much inferior to the works of St. their new Religion required coHelene, as her's were to the vered edifices, they ingeniously Grecian models she had follow- projected to make them resemed: Yet still the footsteps of an ble Groves, as nearly as the

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