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But Satan now is wiser than of yore,
Rouz’d by the Prince of Air, the whirlwinds sweep
COMMENTARY. ing example, the miseries of exorbitant wealth ill employed ; it wus necessary to set before the Reader all the misuse, that flowed from avarice and profusion at once. The vices of the Citizen and the Noble, therefore, which were separated and contrasted in the foregoing instances, are here shewn incorporated in a Courtly Cit. Perhaps it will be said, that the character has, by this means, the appearance of two ruling passions : but those studied in human nature know the contrary: and that alieni appetens sui profusus, is frequently as much one as either the profuse or avaricious apart. Indeed, this is so far from an inaccufacy, that it produces a new beauty. The Ruling Passion is of two kinds, the simple and the complex. The first fort the poet had given examples of before. Nothing then remained to complete his philosophic plan, but concluding with the latter. Let me only observe farther, that the author, in this Tale, has artfully summed up and recapitulated those three principal mischiefs in the abuse of money, which the satirical part of this poem throughout was employed to expose, namely AVARICE, PROFUSION, and PUBLIC CORRUPTION.
NOTES. VER. 355. Cornij)] The to be stranded there, they have author has placed the scene of been known to bore holes in it, thiese shipwrecks in Cornwall, to prevent its getting off; to not only from their frequency plunder, and sometimes even to on that coast, but from the in massacre the people : Nor has humanity of the inhabitants to the Parliament of England been those to whom that misfortune yet able wholly to supprefs these arrives : When a ship happens | barbarities. P.
Sir Balaam now, he lives like other folks, He takes his chirping pint, and cracks his jokes : ““ Live like yourself,” was soon my Lady's word; And lo! two puddings smoak’d upon the board. 360
Alleep and naked as an Indian lay, An honeft factor stole a Gem away : He pledg’d it to the knight; the knight had wit, So kept the Di'mond, and the Some scruple rose, but thus he eas'd his thought, " I'll now give fix-pence where I gave a groat ; 366 “Where once I went to church, I'll now go twice-“ And am so clear too of all other vice.”
The Tempter saw his time ; the work he ply'd; Stocks and Subscriptions pour on ev'ry side, 370
rogue was bit.
NOTES. Ver. 360. And lo! &c.] , stead of imparting the leaft The poet had observed above, pittance of it to those whom that when the luxuriously-fel fortune had reduced to do less fifh had got more than they than live : The VANITY of knew how to use, they would which chimerical project he try to do more than live ; in well exposed in these lines: What Riches give us let us then enquire. Meat, Fire, and Cloaths. What more? Meat, Cloaths, and Firs. But here, in one who had not shews, with admirable huyet learnt the art of disguising mour, the ridicule of that the Poverty of Wealth by the project: Refinements of Luxury, he
And lo ! two Puddings smoak'd upon the board.
'Till all the Dæmon makes his full descent
Behold Sir Balaam, now a man of fpirit, 375
381 But duly sent his family and wife.
NOTES. Ver. 377. What late he merit : Yet, at the same time, callod a Blesing, now was IV it, to do justice to our common &c.] This is an admirable pic-nature, we should observe, ture of human nature : In the that this does not proceed fo entrance on life, all, but cox. often from downright vice as is combs-born, are modeft; and imagined, but frequently from esteem the favours of their su mere infirmity; of which, the periors to be marks of their reason is evident; for, having benevolence: But, if these fa- small knowledge, and yet an vours happen to increase; then, excessive opinion, of ourselves, instead of advancing in grati- we estimate our merit by the tude to our benefactors, we passions and caprice of others; only improve in the good opi- and this perhaps would not be nion of ourselves ; and the con so much amiss, were we not stant returns of such favours apt to take their favours for a make us consider them no long- declaration of the sense of our er as accommodations to our merits. How often, for inwants, or the hire of our stance, has it been seen, in service, but debts due to our the several learned Professions, VOL.III.
There (so the Dev'l ordain’d) one Christmas-tide My good old Lady catch'd a cold, and dy'd.
A Nymph of Quality admires our Knight; 385 He marries, bows at Court, and grows polite : Leaves the dull Cits, and joins (to please the fair) The well-bred cuckolds in St. James's air : First, for his Son a gay Commission buys, Who drinks, whores, fights, and in a duel dies : His daughter flaunts a Viscount's tawdry wife; 391 She bears a Coronet and P-x for life. In Britain's Senate he a seat obtains, And one more Pensioner St. Stephen gains. My Lady falls to play; so bad her chance,
395 He must repair it; takes a bribe from France ;
NOTES. that a Man, who, had he con a Hooker, a Hales, or a Sydentinued in his primeval mean ham ; while, in the rapidity of ness, would have circumscribed his course, he imagined he saw, his knowledge within the mo at every new station, a new deft limits of Socrates; yet, door of science opening to him, being push'd up, as the phrase without so much as staying for is, has felt himself growing into a Flatterer to let him in?
Beatus enim jam
atque unum civem donare Singles Jur.
The House impeach him ; Coningsby harangues ;
NOTES. VER. 401. The Devil and well-policied communities have the King divide the Prize.] This found expedient to provide is to be understood in a very themselves withal, is by no sober and decent sense; as a Sa means to be understood as a retire only on such Ministers of Alexion on the Laws themselves, State which History informs us whose neceffity, equity, and have been found, who aided even lenity have been excelthe Devil in his temptations, in lently well vindicated in that order to foment, if not to make, very learned and elegant DirPlots for the sake of confifca- course, intitled Some Confidertions. So sure always, and just ations.on the Law of Forfeiture is our author's satire, even in for high Treason. Third Edi. those places where he seems tion, London, 1748. most to have indulged himself Ver. ult. curses God and only in an elegant badinage. dies. I' i. e. Fell under the But this Satire on the abufe of temptation ; alluding to the the general Láws' of forfeiture ftory of Job referred to above, for high reason, which all