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B. To Worth or Want well-weigh’d, be Bounty

giv'n, And ease, or emulate, the care of Heav'n ; 230 (Whose measure full o'erflows on human race) Mend Fortune's fault, and justify her grace. Wealth in the gross is death; but life diffus'd ; As Poison heals, in just proportion us’d: In heaps, like Ambergrise, a stink it lies, 235 But well-dispers’d, is Incense to the Skies.

P. Who starves by Nobles, or with Nobles eats ? The Wretch that trusts them, and the Rogue that

cheats: Is there a Lord, who knows a chearful noon Without a Fiddler, Flatt'rer, or Buffoon? 240 Whose table, Wit, or modest Merit share, Un-elbow'd by a Gamester, Pimp, or Play'r ? Who copies Your's, dr Oxford's better part, To ease th’oppress’d, and raise the finking heart?

NOTES. of it innocently and elegantly, I race, Mend Fortune's fault, in fuch measure and degree as and justify ber grace.) i. e. Such his station may justify, which of the Rich whose full meathe poet calls the Art of enjoy- fure overdows on human race, ing; and to impart the re- repair the wrongs of Fortune mainder amongst objects of done to the indigent; and, at worth, or want well weigl'd; the same time, justify the fawhich is, indeed, the Virtue nj vours the had bestowed upon imparting

themselves. VER. 231, 232. (Whose meri- VER. 243. OXFORD's betsure full o'erflowus on ::min ter part, Edward Harley,


Where-e'er he shines, oh Fortune, gild the fcene, And Angels guard him in the golden Mean! 246 There, English Bounty yet a-while may stand, And Honour linger e’er it leaves the land.

But all our praises why should Lords engross? Rise, honest Muse! and sing the Man of Ross: 250

After x 250. in the MS.

Trace humble worth beyond Sabrina's fhore,
Who sings not him, oh may he fing no more!

COMMENTARY. VER. 249. But all our praises why should Lords engross? Riser honest Muse! ] This invidious expression of the poet's unwillingness that the Nobility should ingross all his praises, is strongly ironi

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NOTES. Earl of Oxford. The son of therefore, but reasonable to exRobert, created Earl of Ox- pect She should continue them. ford and Earl Mortimer by But the more constant these Queen Anne. This Nobleman were, the more need had He died regretted by all men of of some superior assistance to letters, great numbers of whom keep him in the golden mean : had experienced his benefits. which the ancients seem'd fo He left behind him one of the well apprised of, that they gave moft noble Libraries in Europe. to every man two Guardian P.

Angels (here alluded to as if, VER. 245. Where-e'er he without standing on either side Jhines, oh Fortune, gild the of him, he could not possibly scene, And Angels guard him be kept long in the mean or in the golden Mean!] This is ex- middle: nothing therefore could ceedingly fublime-The sense be more seasonable than this of it arises from what had been pathetic prayer on so critical said a little before of such a an occasion. character's justifying the graces VER. 250. The MAN of of fortune ; which made it, Ross:] The person here cele

Pleas'd Vaga echoes thro' her winding bounds,
And rapid Severn hoarse applause resounds.
Who hung with woods yon mountain's sultry brow?
From the dry rock who bade the waters flow?

COMMENTARY. cal; their example having been given hitherto only to shew the abuse of Riches. But there is great juftness of Design, as well as agreeableness of Manner in the preference here given to the Man of Rojs. The purpose of the poet is to shew, that an immense fortune is not wanted for all the good that Riches are capable of doing ; he therefore chuses such an instance, as proves, that a man with five hundred pounds a year could become a blefling to a whole country; and, consequently, that the poet's precepts for the true use of money, are of more general service than a bad heart will give an indifferent head leave to conceive. This was a truth of the greatest importance to inculcate : He therefore (from ø 249 to 297) exalts the character of a very private man, one Mr. J. Kyrle, of Herefordshire : And, in ending his description, struck as it were with admiration at a sublimity of his own creating, and warmed with sentiments of a gratitude he had raised in himself in belialf of the public, the poet bursts out,

And what? no monument, inscription, stone?

His race, his form, his name almost unknotun? Then transported with indignation at a contrary objec, he exclaims,


/ in the tate actually performed all these Chancel of the church of Rors good works, and whose true in Herefordshire. P. name was almost loft (partly by We must understand what is the title of the Man of Ross given here faid, of actually performhim by way of eminence, and ing, to mean by the contributipartly by being buried without ons which the Man of Rofs, by so much as an inscription) was his affiduity and intereft, colcalled Mr. John Kyrle.' He lected in his neighbourhood. died in the year 1724, aged

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Not to the skies in useless columns tost, 255
Or in proud falls magnificently lost,
But clear and artless, pouring thro' the plain
Health to the sick, and solace to the fwain.
Whose Cause-way parts the vale with shady rows ?
Whose Seats the
weary Traveller repose ?

Who taught that heav'n-directed spire to rise ?
" The Man of Ross,” each lisping babe replies.
Behold the Market-place with poor 'o'erspread!
The Man of Ross divides the weekly bread:
He feeds yon Alms-house, neat, but void of state,
Where Age and Want sit smiling at the gate : 266
Him portion’d maids, apprentic'd orphans bleft,
The young who labour, and the old who rest.

IVlen Hopkins dies, a thousand lights attend
The wretch, who living sav'd a candle's end :
Should ring God's altar a vile image pands,

Belies his features, nay, extends his hands.
I take notice of this description of the portentous vanity of a mi-
ferable Extortioner, chiefly for the use we shall now see he makes
of it, in carrying on his subject.

NOTES VER. 255. Not to the skies to prop the skies, in a very difin useless columns toft, Or in ferent sense from the heav'nproud falls magnificently loft,? direčted spire, in the verse that The intimation, in the first follows: As the expression, in line, well ridicules the mad- the second line, exposes the nefs of fashionable Magnifi- meanness of it, in falling proudly cence; these columns aspiring to n) purpose.

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Is any fick? the Man of Ross relieves,
Prescribes, attends, the med’cine makes, and gives.
Is there a variance ; enter but his door, 271
Balk'd are the Courts, and contest is no more.
Despairing Quacks with curses fled the place,
And vile Attorneys, now an useless race.

B. Thrice happy man! enabled to pursue 275
What all so wish, but want the pow'r to do!
Oh say, what sums that gen'rous hand supply?
What mines, to swell that boundless charity ?

P. Of Debts, and Taxes, Wife and Children clear, This man pofleft-five hundred pounds a year. 230 Blush, Grandeur, blush! proud Courts, withdraw

your blaze!

Ye little Stars! hide your dimninish'd rays.

B. And what ? no monument, inscription, stone ? His race, his form, his name almost unknown?

NOTES VER. 275. Thrice happy man! | itance, as we fee in the Comenabled to pursue, &c.-bound- ment, of great importance to less charity?] These four lines be inculcated. (which the poet, with the VER. 281. Blub, Grandeur, highest propriety, puts in- blush! proud Curtso withdraw to the mouth of his noble your blaze! &c. In this fubfriend) very artfully introduce lime apostrophe, they are not the two following, as by the bid to blush because outstrip in equivocal expression they raise virtue, for no such contention our expectations to hear of is supposed : but for being quimillions, which come out, at shined in their own proper prelast, to be only five hundred tensions to Splendour and Mag. pounds a year. A circum- nificence. SCRIBL.

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