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Wife Peter sees the World's respect for Gold, And therefore hopes this Nation may be sold : Glorious Ambition ! Peter, swell thy store, 125 And be what Rome's great Didius was before.

The Crown of Poland, venal twice an age, To just three millions ftinted modeft Gage. But nobler scenes Maria's dreams unfold, Hereditary Realms, and worlds of Gold.

130 Congenial fouls! whose life one Av'rice joins, And one fate buries in th’Asturian Mines.

Much injur'd Blunt! why bears he Britain's hate? A wizard told him in these words our fate :

NOTES. VER. 123. Wife Peter] PE- Ver. 126. Rome's great TER WALTER, a person not Didius] A Roman Lawyer, fo only eminent in the wisdom of rich as to purchase the Empire his profeffion, as a dextrous at- when it was set to fale upon torney, but allowed to be a the death of Pertinax. P. good, if not a safe, convey- VER. 127. The Crown of ancer ; extremely respected by Poland, &c.) The two persons the Nobility of this land, tho here mentioned were of Quafree from all manner of luxury lity, each of whom in the Mifand oftentation: his Wealth fisippi despis'd to realize above was never seen, and his bounty three hundred thousand pounds; never heard of, except to his the Gentleman with a view to own fon, for whom he pro- the purchase of the Crown of Pocured an employment of con- land, the Lady on a vision of the siderable profit, of which he like royal nature. They since gave him as much as was ne- retired into Spain, where they cessary. Therefore the taxing are still in fearch of gold in the this gentleman with any Am- mines of the Asturies. P. bition, is certainly a great VER, 133. Much injur'd wrong to him. P

Blunt !] Sir John BLUNT,

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At length Corruption, like a gen’ral flood, 135

(So long by watchful Ministers withstood) “ Shall deluge all; and Av’rice creeping on,

Spread like a low-born mist, and blot the Sun; “ Statesinan and Patriot ply alike the stocks, “ Peeress and Butler share alike the Box, 140 “ And Judges job, and Bishops bite the town, And mighty Dukes pack cards for half a crown. “ See Britain sunk in lucre's sordid charms, “ And France reveng'd of Anne's and EDWARD'S “ arms?”

NOTES. originally a scrivener, was one which he had indeed lived to of the first projectors of the fee many miserable examples. South-sea company, and after

He died in the year 1732.

P. wards one of the directors and VER. 137. - Av'rice creepchief managers of the famous | ing on, Spread like a low born scheme in 1720. He was al- mist, and blot the Sun ;] The fo one of those who suffer'd fimilitude is extremely appomost severely by the bill of lite, implying that this vice is pains and penalties on the faid of base and mean original ; directors. He was a Dissenter hatched and nursed up amongst of a most religious deportment, Scriveners, Stock-jobbers, and and profess’d to be a great be- Citts; and unknown, 'till of liever. Whether he did real-late, to the Nobles of this land: ly credit the prophecy here But now, in the fulness of time, mentioned is not certain, but she rears her head, and aspires it was constantly in this very to cover the most illustrious style he declaimed againft the stations in her dark and pesticorruption and luxury of the lential shade. The Sun, and age, the partiality of Parlia-other luminaries of Heaven, ments, and the misery of party- fignifying, in the high eastern fpirit. He was particularly style, the Grandees and Noeloquent against. Avarice in bles of the carth. great and noble persons, of

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'Twas no Court-badge,greatScriv'ner! fir’d thy brain,
Nor lordly Luxury, nor City Gain :

146
No, 'twas thy righteous end, alham'd to see
Senates degen’rate, Patriots disagree,
And nobly wishing Party-rage to cease,
To buy both sides, and give thy Country peace. 150

“ All this is madness,” cries a sober sage:
But who, my friend, has reason in his rage?
“ The ruling Passion, be it what it will,
" The ruling Passion conquers Reason still.”

COMMENTARY. VER. 151. “ All this is madness,&c.] But now the Sage, who has confined himself to books, which prescribe the government of the passions; and never looked out upon the world, where he might see them let loose, and, like Milton's devils, riding the air in whirlwind, cries out, All this is madness. True, replies the poet (from Ý 151 to 177) but this madness is a common one, and only to be prevented by a severe attention to the rule laid down in the Elay,

Reafon still use, to Reafon ftill attend, Ep. ii. x 68. for with the generality of men, and without the greatest circumfpection,

The ruling Paffion, be it what it will,

The ruling Paffion conquers Reason fill. But then continues he) as wild as this passion appears, by the fway of its overbearing bias, it would be still more senseless had it no bias at all. You have seen us here intermix with the real, the most fantastical and extravagant that imagination could form; yet even these are less extravagant than a ruling Passion without a constant aim. Would you know the reason? then listen to this important truth : “'Tis Heaven itself that gives “the ruling Paffion, and thereby directs different men to dif« ferent ends: But these being exerted through the ministry of

Less mad the wildest whimsey we can frame, 155
Than ev'n that Paffion, if it has no Aim ;
For tho' such motives Folly you may call,
The Folly's greater to have none at all.

Hear then the truth: “ 'Tis Heav'n each Passion

« sends,

“ And diff'rent men directs to diffrent ends. 160
“ Extremes in Nature equal good produce,
“ Extremes in Man concur to gen’ral use.

COMMENTARY.

* ¥ 151,

« NATURE (of whom the great Bacon truly observes, modum
"tenere nefcia eft, Aug. Scient. 1. ii. t. 13.) they are very apt
$6 to run into extremes : To correct which, Heaven, at the
“ fame time, added the moderatrix Reason; not to take the
ruling Paffion out of the hands and ministry of Nature, but .
“ to restrain and rectify its irregular impulfes (See Elay, Ep. ii.

& seq.) and what extremes, after this, remained un« corrected in the administration of this weak Queen (x-140, « Ep. ü.) the divine artist himself has, in his heavenly lill and « bounty, set to rights; by so ordering, that these of the moral, 6 like those of the natural world, should, even by the very "" means of their contrariety and diversity, concur to defeat the “ malignity of one another :

Extremes in Nature equal good produce,

Extremes in Man concur to gen’ral use.
« For as the various seasons of the year are supported and fuf-
“ tained by the reconciled extremes of Wet and Dry, Cold and
Heat; so all the orders and degrees of civil life are kept up
" by Avarice and Profusion, Selfishness and Vanity. The Miser
“ being but the Steward of the Prodigal ; and only so much the
• more backward as the other is violent and precipitate:”.

This year a Reservoir, to keep and spare;
The next a Fountain, spouting throhis heir.

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Ask we what makes one keep, and one bestow ?
That Pow'r who bids the Ocean ebb and flow,
Bids feed-time, harvest, equal course maintain, 165
Thro' reconcil'd extremes of drought and rain,
Builds Life on Death, on Change Duration founds,
And gives th'eternal wheels to know their rounds.

Riches, like insects, when conceal’d they lie,
Wait but for wings, and in their seafon fly.

17
Who sees pale Mammon pine amidst his store,
Şees but a backward steward for the Poor ;
This year a Refervoir, to keep and spare ;
The next, a Fountain, spouting thro' his Heir,
In lavish streams to quench a Country's thirst, 175
And men and dogs shall drink him till they burft.

NOTES.

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VER. 173. This year a Re- may be both useful and ornafervoir, to keep and spare ; The mental amongst the other imnex., a Fountain, spouting thro' provements of art; yet in a his Heir,] Besides the obvious State of Nature either kind of beauties of this fine fimilitude, excess would be pernicious ; it has one ftill more exquisite, because, in that State, the quantho' less observable, which is tity of natural goods, unimits being taken from a circum- proved by art, would not fufstance in the most elegant part fer, without great danger of of improved life. For tho' in want to the whole body, ei. Society, the follies of hoard- ther an immoderate hoarding, ing and squandering may cor- or a lavish profusion. And rect each other, and produce therefore Providence has wisereal advantage to the whole; ly ordered that, in that State, as Reservoirs and Fountains 1 by there being no fantastic

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