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How many pictures of one Nymph we view, 5 All how unlike each other, all how true !

Notes. be disappointed to find that pains to study these Characters this Epiftle, which proposes with any degree of attention, the fame subject with the pre as they are here masterly ceding, is conducted on very drawn, one important partidifferent rules of method ; for cular (for which the poet has instead of being disposed in the artfully prepared him by the same logical connection, and introduction) will very forcifilled with the like philofophi- bly strike his observation; and cal remarks, it is wholly taken that is, that all the great strokes up in drawing a great variety in the several Characters of of capital Characters: But if Women are not only infinitely he would reflect, that the two perplexed and discordant, like Sexes make but one Species, and thofe in Men, but absolutely consequently, that the Cha- | inconsistent, and in a much racters of both must be studied higher degree contradictory. and explained on the same As strange as this may appear, principles, he would see, that yet he will see that the poet when the poet had done this

has all the while strictly folin the preceding Epistle, his lowed Nature, whose

ways, we business here was, not to re find by the former Epiftle, are peat what he had already de

not a little mysterious; and a livered, but only to verify and mystery this might have reillustrate his doctrine, by every mained, had not our author view of that perplexity of Na- explained it at y 207, where ture, which his philosophy only he shuts up his Characters with can explain. If the reader this philosophical reflexion : therefore will but be at the

In Men, we various ruling Passions find ;
In Women, two almost divide the kind;
Those, only fix'd, they first or last obey,

The love of Pleasure, and the love of Sway.
If this account be true, we see their ruling pafsion. Now the
the perpetual necessity (which variety of arts employed to
is not the case in Men) that this purpose must needs draw
Women lye under of disguising them into infinite contradic-

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Arcadia's Countefs, here, in ermin’d pride,
Is there, Pastora by a fountain fide.

NOTES. tions in those Actions from whose office it is to regulate whence their general and ob the ruling Pasion, loses all its vious Character is denomi- force and direction; and these nated: To verify this observa- unhappy victims to their printion, let the reader examine all ciples, tho’ with their attenthe Characters here drawn), tion till fixed upon them, are and try whether with this key ever prosecuting the means he cannot discover that all destructive of their end, and their Contradictions arise from thus become ridiculous in a desire to hide the ruling Paf youth, and miserable in old fion.

age. But this is not the worst. Let me not omit to observe The poet afterwards (from the great beauty of the con* 218 to 249) takes notice of clusion: It is an Encomium another mischief arising from on an imaginary Lady to whom this necessity of hiding their the Epistle is addressed, and ruling Paffions; which is, that artfully turns upon the fact generally the end of each is which makes the subject of the defeated even there where they Epistle, the contradiction of a are most violently pursued : Woman's Character, in which For the necessity of hiding contradiction he shews that all them inducing an habitual dif the lustre even of the best sipation of mind, Reason, Character confifts:

And yet, believe me, good as well as ill, Woman's at best a Contradiction fiill, &c. Ver. 5. How many pietures] Ver. 7, 8, 10, &c. ArcaThe poet's purpose here is to dia's Countess,- Pastora by a shew, that the Characters of fountain-Leda with a fwan. Women are generally incon - Magdalen--Cecilia- j Attisistent with themselves; and tudes in which several ladies this he illustrates by so happy a affected to be drawn, and Similitude, that we , see the sometimes one lady in them folly, described in it, arises all --The poet's politeness and from that very principle which complaisance to the sex is obgives birth to this inconsistency fervable in this instance, 2of Character.

mongst others, that, whereas


Here Fannia, leering on her own good man,
And there, a naked Leda with a Swan.
Let then the Fair one beautifully cry,
In Magdalen’s loose hair and lifted eye,
Or drest in smiles of sweet Cecilia shine,
With fimp’ring Angels, Palms, and Harps divine ;
Whether the Charmer finner it, or faint it, 15
If Folly grow romantic, I must paint it.

Come then, the colours and the ground prepare!
Dip in the Rainbow, trick her off in Air;
Chuse a firm Cloud, before it fall, and in it 19
Catch, e'er the change, the Cynthia of this minute.

Rufa, whose eye quick-glancing o'er the Park, Attracts each light gay meteor of a Spark, Agrees as ill with Rufa studying Locke, As Sappho's di’monds with her dirty smock;


in the CharaEters of Men he trarieties, given even from such has sometimes made use of Characters as are most strongreal names, in the Characters ly mark'd, and seemingly of Women always fictitious. P. therefore most consistent: As,

VER. 20. Catch, e'er the I. In the AffeEled, x 21, change, the Cynthia of this mi &c. P. nute.] Alluding to the precept VER. 23. Agrees as ill with of Fresnoy,

Rufa studying Locke,] This formæ veneres captando fugaces. humour in the following stanza:

thought is expressed with great Ver. 21. Instances of con


Or Sappho at her toilet's greazy task,
With Sappho fragrant at an ev’ning Mask:
So morning Infects that in muck begun,
Shine, buzz, and Ay-blow in the setting-sun.

How soft is Silia! fearful to offend;
The Frail one's advocate, the Weak one's friend :
To her, Calista prov'd her conduct nice; 31
And good Simplicius asks of her advice.
Sudden, she storms! The raves! You tip the wink,
But spare your censure; Silia does not drink.
All eyes may fee from what the change arose, 35

eyes may see-a Pimple on her nose. Papillia, wedded to her am'rous spark, Sighs for the shades -"How charming is a Park!” A Park is purchas’d, but the Fair he sees All bath'd in tears— “Oh odious, odious Trees!"? :

Ladies, like variegated Tulips, show; 'Tis to their Changes half their charms we owe;


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The' Artemesia talks, by fits,
Of councils, clasics, fathers, wits;

Reads Malbranche, Boyle, and Locke:
Yet in some things, methinks, je fails,
'Twere well if she wou'd pare her nails,

And wear a cleaner smock.
VER. 29 and 37. II. Contrarieties in the Soft-natured, P.

Fine by defect, and delicately weak.
Their happy Spots the nice admirer take,
'Twas thus Calypso once each heart alarm’d, 45
Aw'd without Virtue, without Beauty charm’d;
Her Tongue bewitch'd as odly as her Eyes,
Less Wit than Mimic, more a Wit than wise;
Strange graces still, and stranger Alights she had,
Was just not ugly, and was just not mad; 59
Yet ne'er so sure our paffion to create,
As when she touch'd the brink of all we hate.

Narcissa's nature, tolerably mild,
To make a wash, would hardly stew a child ;
Has ev'n been prov'd to grant a Lover's pray’r, 55
And paid a Tradesman once to make him stare;
Gave alms at Easter, in a Christian trim,
And made a Widow happy, for a whim.

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VER. 53.

Ver. 57

NOTES. VER. 45. III. Contrarieties the coarsness of fenfuality. in the Cunning and Artful. P.


. In the WhimVer. 52. As when the fical. P. touch'd the brink of all we hate.]

- in a Christian Her charms consisted in the trim,] This is finely expressed, fingular turn of her vivacity; implying that her very charity consequently the stronger the was as much an exterior of exerted this vivacity the more Religion, as the ceremonies of forceable must be her attrac the season. It was not even in tion. But the point, where it a Christian humour, it was only came to excess, would destroy in a Christian trim. all the delicacy, and expose all

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