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N. Blakey in.xdel.
G.Scotin Sculp Boastfull a rough your first don is a:&quire; The next a Tradesman, meek and much a Liar; Tom struts a Soldier, open, bold and Bravel.; Will oneaks a Scrivener, an exceeding
E P I S T L E I.
E S, you despise the man to Books confin’d,
Who from his study rails at human kind; Tho' what he learns he speaks, and may advance Some gen’ral maxims, or be right by chance.
COMMENTARY. Epistle of the Knowledge and Characters of Men.] Whoever compares this with the former Editions of this poem, will observe that the order and disposition of the several parts are entirely changed and transposed, tho' with hardly the Alteration of a single Word. When the Editor, at the Author's desire, first examined this Epistle, he was surprized to find it contain a number of fine obfervations, without order, connexion, or dependence: but much more so, when, on an attentive review, he faw, that, if put into a different form, on an idea he then conceived, it would have all the clearness of method, and force of connected reasoning. Indeed the observations then appeared to him so jumbled and confounded in one another, as if the feveral parts of a regular poem had been rolled up in tickets, drawn at random, and then set down as they arose. The author appeared as much struck with the observation as the editor, and agreed to put it in the prefent form, which has given the poem all the juitness of a true compofition. The introduction of the epistle on Riches was in the same condition, and underwent the same reform.
NOTES. Moral Ejays.] The EssAY | parts of them, which are useON MAN was intended to have ful, and therefore attainable, tobeen comprised in Four Books: gether with thole which are un
The First of which, the Au- useful, and therefore unattainthor has given us under that able. 3. Of the Nature, Ends, title, in four Epiltles.
Ufe, and Application of the The Second was to have different Capacities of Men. 'consisted of the fame number : 4. Of the Use of Learning, of 1. Of the extent and limits of the Science of the World, and. human Reason. 2. Of those of Wit; concluding with a Arts and Sciences, and of the I Satyr against the Misapplication
The coxcomb bird, so talkative and
grave, That from his cagecries Cuckold, Whore, andKnave, Tho' many a passenger he rightly call, You hold him no Philosopher at all.
COMMENTARY. EPISTLEI.] This Epistle is divided into three principal parts or members : The first (from ý 1 to 99) treats of the difficulties in coming at the Knowledge and true Characters of Men. - The second (from $ 98 to 173) of the wrong means which
NOTES. of them, illustrated by Pictures, for the only work of his riper Characters, and Examples. Years : but was, partly thro'
The Third Book regarded ill health, partly through disCivil Regimen, or the Science couragements from the depraof Politics, in which the seve-vity of the times, and partly on ral forms of a Republic were prudential and other considerato have been examined and tions, interrupted, postponed, explained ; together with the and, lastly, in a manner laid several Modes of Religious aside. Worship, as far forth as they But as this was the Author's affect Society; between which favourite Work, which more the Author always supposed exactly reflected the Image of there was the most interesting his strong capacious Mind, and relation and closest connec as we can have but a very imtion; so that this part would perfect idea of it from the dishave treated of Civil and Re- jotta membra Poetæ that now ligious Society in their full ex remain, it may not be amiss to
be a little more particular conThe Fourth and last Book cerning each of these projectconcerned private Ethics or ed books. practical Morality, considered The FIRST, as it treats of in all the Circumstances, Or. Man in the abstract, and conders, Professions, and Stations fiders him in general under of human Life.
every of his relations, becomes The Scheme of all this had the foundation, and furnishes been maturely digested, and out the subjects, of the three communitated to the L. Bolin- following; so that broke, Dr. Swift, and one or The SECOND Book takes two more, and was intended
up again the First and Second
And yet the fate of all extremes is such, Men may
be read, as well as Books, too much. 10 To observations which ourselves we make, We grow more partial for th’Observer's fake ;
COMMENTARY. both Philosophers and Men of the World have employed in furmounting those difficulties. And the third (from ø 174 to the end) treats of the right means, with directions for the application of them.
Ver. 1. Yes, you despise the man &c.] The Epistle is introduced (from y 1 to 15) in observing, that the Knowledge of Men is neither to be gained by Books nor Experience alone, but by the joint use of both ; for that the Maxims of the Philosopher and the Conclusions of the Man of the World can, separately, but supply a vague and superficial knowledge: And often not so much ; as those Maxims are founded in the abstract notions of the writer; and these conclusions are drawn from the uncertain
Epistles of the First Book, and EPIC POEM; as the Action treats of man in his intellectual would make it more animated, Capacity at large, as has been and the Fable less invidious ; explained above. Of this, on in which all the great Princily a small part of the conclu- ples of true and faise Governfion (which, as we faid, was ments and Religions should be to have contained a Satire a chiefly delivered in feigned gainst the misapplication of Examples. Wit and Learning) may be The FOURTH and last Book found in the Fourth book of pursues the subject of the the Dunciad, and up and down, Fourth Epistle of the First, occasionally, in the other three. and treats of Ethics, or prac
The THIRD Book, in like tical Morality; and would manner, reassumes the subject have consisted of many memof the Third Epistle of the bers; of which the four fol. First, which treats of Man in lowing Epistles were detached his Social, Political, and Reli Portions :: the two first, on the gious Capacity. But this part Charatters of Min and W.the Poet afterwards conceived men, being the introductory pait might be best executed in an of this concluding Book.