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This day, be Bread and Peace my Lot:

All else beneath the Sun, Thou know it if beft bestow'd or not,

And let Thy Will be done.

To thee, whose Temple is all Space,

Whose Altar, Earth, Sea, Skies ! One Chorus let all Being raise !

All Nature's Incense rise!

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Eft brevitate opus, ut currat fententia, neu se
Impediat verbis lassis onerantibus aures :
Et sermone opus est modo tristi, fæpe jocoso,
Defendente vicem modo Rhetoris atque Poetæ,
Interdum urbani, parcentis viribus, atque
Extenuantis eas confultò.



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E P I S T L E I.


Sir Richard Temple, Lord Cobham.

A R G U M E N T. Of the Knowledge and Characters of MEN. THAT it is not sufficient for this knowledge to consider

Man in the Abstract: Books will not serve the purpose, nor yet our own Experience singly, y 1. General maxims, unless they be formed upon both, will be but notional, y 10. Somc Peculiarity in every man, chara&teristic to himself, yet varying from himself, ý 15. Difficulties arising from our own Pejions, Fancies, Faculties, &c. Ý 31. The shortness of Life, to observe in, and the uncertainty of the Principles of action in men, to observe by, v 37, &c. Our own Principle of action often hid from ourselves, Ý 41. Some few Characters plain, but in general confounded, dissembled, or inconfiftent, Ý 51. The same man utterly different in different places and seasons, x 71. Unimaginable weaknesses in the greatest, x 70,&c. Nothing constant ant certain but God and Nature, y 95. No judging of the Motives from the ačtions; the same astions proceeding from contrary Motives, and the fame Motives influencing contrary actions, ♡ 100. II. Yet to form Characters, we can only take the strongest actions of a man's life, and try to make them agree : The utter uncertainty of this, from Nature itself, and from Policy, x 120. Characters given according to the rank of men of the world, x 135. And some reason for it,

y 140.

Education alters the Nature, or at least Character of many, Ý 149. Actions, Passions, Opinions, Manners, Humours, or Principles all subjeet to change. No judging by Nature, from Ý 158 to 178. III. It only remains to find (if we can) bis RULING Passion : That will certainly influence all the rest, and can reconcile the seeming or real inconsistency of all bis actions, Ý 175. Instanced in the extraordinary charafter of Clodio, x 179 A caution against mistaking second qualities for first, which will destroy all poffibility of the knowledge of mankind, ý 210. Examples of the strength of the Ruling Passion, and its continuation to the last breath, x 222, &c.

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