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Would he oblige me? let me only find,
F. Why yes: with Scripture still you may be free;
66 Who's the Man, so near 45
Nores. originally in the poem, though omitted in all the first editions. P.
VER. 37. Why yes : with Scripture fill you may be free ;] Thus the Man commonly called Mother Osborn, who was in the Minister's pay, and wrote Journals ; for one Paper in behalf of Sir Robert, had frequently two against J. C.
VER. 39. A Joke on Jekyl,] Sir Joseph Jekyl, Mafter of the Rolls, a true Whig in his principles, and a man of the utmost probity. He sometimes voted against the Court, which drew upon him the laugh here deicribed of One who bestowed it equally upon Religion and Honesty. He died a few months after the publication of this poem. P.
Ver. 43. These nothing hurts ;] i, e, offends.
But were his Verses vile, his Whisper base,
Laugh then at any, but at Fools or Foes ;
mend not those.
P. Dear Sir, forgive the Prejudice of Youth: Adieu Distinction, Satire, Warmth, and Truth!
Secretary to the Prince of Wales, distinguished both for his writings and speeches in the spirit of Liberiy. P.
VER. 51. Sejanus, Wolsey, ] The one the wicked miniIter of Tiberius ; the other, of Henry VIII. The writers against the Court ulually bestowed these and other odious names on the Minister, without distinction, and in the most injurious manner.
See Dial. IL. * 137. P. Ibid. Fleury,] Cardinal: and Minister to Louis XV, It was a Patriot fashion, at that time, to cry up his wisdom and honesty. P.
Come, harmless Characters that no one hit; 65
Notes. Ver. 66. Henley -- Ofoorn,] See them in their places in the Dunciad, P.
VER. 69. The gracious Dew] Alludes to some court fermons, and florid panegyrical ipeeches ; particularly one very full of puerilities and flatteries ; which afterwards got into an address in the same pretty style ; and was lastly ferved up in an Epitaph, between Latin and English, publithed by its author. P.
VER. 76. All Boys may read, and Girls may understand! ] i, e. full of school-book phrases and Anglicisms.
VER. 78, Nation's Sense;] The cant of Politics at that time.
VBR. 89. Carolina] Queen confort to King George II.
And hail her passage to the Realms of Rest,
F. Why fo? if Satire knows its Time and Place,
She died in 1737. Her death gave occasion, as is observed above, to many indiscreet and mean performances unworthy of her memory, whole last moments manifested the utmost courage and resolution. P.
How highly our Poet thought of that truly great perfonage may be seen by one of his letters to Mr. Allen, written at that time; in which, amongit others, equally refpectful, are the following words: “The Queen thewed,
by the confession of all about her, the utmost firmness " and temper to her last moments, and through the course “ of great torments. What character historians will al“ low her, I do not know; but all her domestic servants, " and those nearest her, give her the best teftimony, that 4 of sincere tears.'
VER. 92. Immortal Sk, and grave Demate!] A title given that Lord by King James II. He was of the Bed. chamber to King William ; he was so to King George I. he was fo to King George II. This Lord was very kilful
Silent and soft, as Saints remove to Heav'n,
Notes. in all the forms of the House, in which he discharged himself with great gravity. P.
VEŘ. 97. There, where 110 Paffon, etc.] The excellent writer De l'Esprit des Loix gives the following character of the Spirit of Courts, and the Principle of Monarchies :
Qu'on lise ce que les Historiens de tous les tems ont dit " sur la Cour des Monarques ; qu'on se rapelle les con66 versations des hommes de tous les Païs sur le miserable “ caractère des COURTISANS; ce ne sont point des choses “ de speculation, mais d'une triste expérience. L'ambi6. tion dans l'oisiveté, la bassesse dans l'orgueil, le defir de
s'enrichir sans travail, l'averfion pour la vérité ; la fla
terie, la trahison, la perfidie, l'abandon de tous ses " engagemens, le mepris des devoirs du Citoyen, la crainte “ de la vertu du Prince, l'esperance de ses foiblesses, et
plus, que tout cela, LE RIDICULE PERPETUEL JETTE SUR LA VERTU, font, je crois, le Caractère de la plu. part des Courtisans marqué dans tous les lieux et dans
tous les tems. Or il est très mal-aisé que les Principaux "s d'un Etat soient malhonnêtes-gens, et que les inferieurs
soient gens-de-bien, que ceux-là soyent trompeurs, & " que ceux-ci consentent à n'être que dupes. Que fi dans "lé Peuple il se trouve quelque malheureux honnête
homme, le Cardinal de Richelieu dans son Testament
politique infinue, qu'un Monarque doit se garder de s'en “ Tervir. Tant-il est vrai que la Vertu n'est pas le ressort “ de ce Gouvernment."