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It is to be regretted that the replies to the circular letter did not include a much larger number of superintendents. The size of the cities represented in the returns, however, leads me to believe that the report is fairly representative; that there would have been little deviation from the ratio of friendly and adverse criticism had the returns been more universal.

From a careful perusal of the letters received, two inferences may be drawn relative to the reader series:

First. That the First and Second Readers ought to be replaced by books superior to the ones now in use. That if the list price on these books as fixed by State law is too low to admit into competition books of more acceptable character, the law should be so amended as to give to the pupils of the primary grades the best text-books obtainable.

Second. That the careful methods employed by the State Board of Education in the revision of the Third, Fourth and Fifth Readers be commended. That barring criticisms on a few selections in each of these books their use is found quite satisfactory.

THE CITY SUPERINTENDENTS' ASSOCIATION. The meeting of this association, November 7-9, was well attended. The report of the Committee on Nature Study, by its chairman, H. B. Wilson, of Salem, was the most important matter that came before it. This report is not only exhaustive but decidedly fresh and interesting. The report was not only well received but unanimously adopted by the association. No report ever made to this body has been so well received, and, if its suggestions are carried out, the nature study of our schools will take on new meaning.

Superintendent Fagan presided over the meeting with dignity, and dispatched its business in a most expeditious manner. Supt. J. A. Wood, of Laporte, was chosen to preside over the meeting next year. We print another report, submitted by Supt. I. V. Busby, on the subject of text-books, at the request of the association, and which is worthy of careful study. The meeting was a very profitable one throughout and those

BABY DREAMS.

Deep in the blue of my baby's eye
An unsolved mystery doth lie,
As he watches the clouds above go by,
Or scans the wonders of earth and sky.
He looks, and thinks, and winks, and
blinks

Till his eye-shades fall and his curly head sinks!

Now! can you tell what my baby thinks?

Do you see that smile on his fair cheek play? See! his sweet lips part as tho' he would say, "I'm having a romp with the angels to-day! Were it not for my mamma, I'd-like-tostay!"

Can you tell, for your life, is he here or there?

Is he telling the angels of "mamma, so fair,"

Or speaking to her, of their tender care?

How I'd love to know, yet, I never will,
For his tongue is tied and his lips are still.
Were they loosed, their prattle my soul
would fill,

And the inmost depths of my being thrill.
Some day he may speak and tell me where
He's romping with angels many and fair,
On the wings of the winds in the upper air.
Indianapolis, Ind., April 17, '01.

THE TEACHER'S SOLILOQUY.

Is it worth while, I wonder, to toil the livelong day,

And plan, and plan, till the turn of the night? Does it pay?

If all a man. wants is a supper and bed, it may.

But shall my dole be measured to me, by each day's need?

Am I an ox? must I work all my life for my feed,

Train to the yoke, a few more slaves, for the mill of greed?

Then die, and be food for the worms, and turn into mould,

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Supt. A. E. Humke, Vincennes schools, is greatly pleased with his present year's work. He has the hearty co-operation of his board of education, teachers and school patrons. He has been very fortunate in his selection of a principal of high school. We refer to C. E. Morris, who is a graduate of the Indiana State Normal, Indiana University and Cornell University.

Supt. E. J. Llewelyn, of the Arcadia schools, reports an enrollment or 361, which is an increase over last year, due to the fact that some of the district schools have been abandoned. The township t ustee has purchased a wagon, which was made expressly for the purpose of conveying the pupils to and from school in these abandoned districts, and the results thus far have opeen quite satisfactory. The expenses to the township have been materially reduced. The enrollment in the high school is fifty-five.

Dr. George Stockton Burroughs, president of Wabash College from 1892 to 1899, died at Clifton Springs, N. Y., last week. Some time ago Dr. Burroughs fell and broke one of his arms, and just as he had recovered from this loss he had the other arm broken by the porter of a railroad train who was endeavoring to assist him on a train. He had a cancerous affection of the bone, and suffered terribly before his death. Dr. Burroughs, at the time of his death, was professor of Old Testament literature in Oberlin College.

We have examined with much interest the new manual of the Anderson schools. Superintendent J. W. Carr has placed special emphasis on reading, spelling, language, and morals. He begins arithmetic in the third year, and does not attempt to teach Latin, algebra or geometry in the eighth year. Fewer subjects are taught in the Anderson high school than in most high schools of equal size, the aim being to do thorough work in the subjects taught. A choice of courses is offered with a few electives in each course.

Supt. E. H. Drake has this complimentary mention of him in his home paper, the Attica Ledger: "He has so acceptably filled his position during his first year in Attica that not

a ripple of discontent has been shown, and he has the greatest confidence and esteem of every citizen and scholar. As a superintendent he has conducted the city schools to the satisfaction of the most exacting, and as a citizen he has performed his duties conscientiously. Although the Attica schools have attained such a hign standard of excellence, never in the history of the schools was there such close sympathy between teachers and scholars, and as a result the interest awakened in school work has reached the point of enthusiasm. Old, stringent methods have long been dropped and in their place are the most modern and original ideas in training the child's mind.”

S. B. Plasket has charge of the Broad Ripple schools, with Bessie Hendrix and Arthur Jackson assistants in the high school. This is one of the largest township high schools in the State. It was commissioned in 1897. A great many of the pupils drive to school, the township owning a large barn where horses and buggies are sheltered. Consolidation of schools is being tried with very satisfactory results. A small school of eighteen pupils is transported to the Broad Ripple school in one wagon at a saving to the township and with much better advantages for the children.

Supt. E. H. Drake is pleased with the excellent school spirit which prevails in the school community of Attica. The school board has always been willing to encourage whatever is necessary for the progress of the schools. They seek good teachers and pay good salaries in order to secure them. A well-equipped kindergarten has been maintained at public expense for fourteen years. There is a full course in music and in drawing in both grades and high school, under the direction of very competent supervisors. Miss Beatrice Marsh, of Chicago, the supervisor of music, is arousing much enthusiasm in the music work of the schools. The schools for two years have contributed to the art display at the Northern Indiana Teachers' Association, and this year to the traveling art display of northern Indiana.

Richard Park, superintendent of Sullivan County, has made quite a reputation for himself through his untiring efforts to elevate

If

his schools. In the first place, he does things systematically, and therefore effectually. In his county institute he has no superior and few equals in the matter of following in every detail the program prepared. Instructors are given so many recitation periods and nothing will excuse them. the State superintendent comes as a visitor, time is alloted him for an address, but there is nothing omitted to make way for it. His marked characteristics are energy and pu h, which, coupled with an excellent school spirit, places him in the front rank among his fellow superintendents. Besides this, he is always courteous and obliging.

Under the careful and intelligent supervision of Supt. Charles McDaniel, the public schools of Madison, Ind., are fast becoming the best in the State. it is his aim and that of the excellent board of education to make them progressive and most helpful to the pupils and the community. Along this line of progression, a very vital change has been made in the high school course of study. In connection with the cultural phases of the work, a full commercial course will be given to all pupils who may desire it. This will enable the pupils leaving the school to go out into the busy wa ks of life prepared for usefulness. A course of industrial training will be introduced into Broadway school. The girls will be taught hand work at first. It is contemplated to organize a class in cooking in the near future. This will be the beginning of manual training in -the Madison schools.

County Superintendent Louis H. Hamilton, of Jasper County, submits to his teachers the following suggestive questions as his thought in determining the item, "success." These questions are worthy of careful study:

1. Has the school property been defaced to any extent this year?

2. Has the teacher made any attempt to decorate the room?

3. Is the schoolhouse kept clean? 4. Do the pupils move quietly and promptly to and from recitations?

5. Are they, quiet and studious at their seats?

6. Are they orderly in the schoolhouse at intermissions?

7. Is the general government good?

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8. Does the teacher seem to question the brightest pupils only?

9. Do pupils generally speak in complete sentences?

10. Does the teacher encourage the pupils to ask questions?

11. Does the teacher talk too much or too loud?

12. Is all work assigned promptly-as if some thought had been given to it before the recitation period?

13. Does the teacher seem to have prepared the lesson?

14. Does the teacher waste time by repeating the answers of the pupils?

15. Does the teacher permit pupils who are not reciting to interrupt recitations by asking questions or walking across the floor? 16. Is there any International Dictionary in the school?

B. F. KENNEDY.

The subject of this sketch was born in 17. Is there plenty of blackboard in good Kentucky, December 5, 1832. His parents repair?

18. Are the windows provided with shades?

19. Are the outhouses kept clean and in good repair?

20. Is the condition of the atmosphere good?

His circular letter to teachers contains many other excellent directions in pedagogy.

Supt. E. A. Hutchens, of Hamilton County, has prepared a report book for the pupils of the county which is an original form for such report. Its attractive form will prove a very strong card in favor of its preservation, and its contents will make it of particular value to parents and pupils. He is, without question, one of the most progressive superintendents of the State. Many have expected him to make the race for State Superintendent, and if he should decide to do so at any time he will prove a formidable candidate. He is a good organizer and would go into a convention knowing just what strength he had, and would hold it.

moved to Putnam County, Indiana, in 1835. His father and grandfathers for four generations have been teachers. His grandfather was a soldier in the American Revolution. Mr. Kennedy taught his first school in Putnam County, but he moved to Johnson County in 1856, since which time he has taught almost continuously. He was the first county superintendent of schools of Johnson County, and while acting in that capacity organized the first high school in the county, that of Trafalgar. He was among the first men who advocated the grading of the public schools in the State. He also began the first personal inspection of the public schools. Mr. Kennedy has never taken a chew of tobacco, never entered a saloon, nor never was under the care of a physician. He has lived much out of doors and kept himself close to nature, so that today he is hale and hearty. He has been a great collector of Indian relics. He has been a constant writer for the county papers. He is the author of some excellent Indian stories.

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