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THE UNITED STATES

BUREAU OF EDUCATION.

Created as a Department March 2, 1867.
Made an Office of the Interior Department July 1, 1869.

COMMISSIONERS.

HENRY BARNARD, LL. D.,
March 14, 1867, to March 15, 1870.

JOHN EATON, Ph. D., LL.D.,
March 16, 1870, to August 5, 1886.
NATHANIEL H. R. Dawson, L. H. D.,

August 6, 1886, to September 3, 1889.

WILLIAM T. HARRIS, Ph. D., LL, D.,

September 12, 1889, to date.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 1.

THE COMMISSIONER'S INTRODUCTION.

Total enrollment in schools and colleges.
The common schools of the United States..
Average amount of schooling per inbabitant.
Graphic exhibit of school statistics..
City school systems..
City school supervision.......
Constitution and powers of city school boards.
Secondary schools..
Normal schools.
Higher oducation..
English education bill
Education in Great Britain
Public, society, and school libraries..
Commercial education in Europe.
Education in Scandinavia.....
Education of the colored race

Page.

IX IX XIV XIV XIX XXII XIVI XXVI XXXI XXXI XXXV XXXVI XXXIX XLIII XLIII XLIV

LVII

LVIII

LIX

LX LXI LXII LXIII

STATE COMMON SCHOOL SYSTEMS.
Total population, school population, adult male population.....
Relation of school population to total population and to the adult malo population; proportion

of white school population of foreigu birth; percentage of foreign born in total population.
School ages of the soveral States; State school censuses..
Number of pupils enrolled in the common schools at various periods, and relation of euroll-

ment to school population...
School enrollment of 1895-96, classified by sex..
Per cent of school population enrolled in the public schools for a period of yourg.
Average daily attendance at various periods and its relation to enrollment..
Average length of school term at various periods; aggregate number of days' schooling giren

to all pupils.....
Length of school term; average number of days' schooling giren each child
Number and sex of teachers; proportion of male teachers.
Average monthly salaries of teachers.
Private schools
Receipts of school moneys..
School revenue.....
Progress of school expenditure .
School oxpendituro classified..
Expenditure per pupil......
Expenditure per capita of population

LXIV LXVI LXVI LXVIII LXIX

LXX LXXI LXXII LXXIII LXXIV LXXV

3

PART I.
CHAPTER I.-Laws RELATING TO CITY SCHOOL BOARDS.
The typical city school system.
Members of school boards
Some notable systems...
Control of revenueg.
The superintendent..
Selection of teachers...

6

9 10 11

Page.

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CHAPTER VI.-THE AMERICAN COMMON SCHOOL IN NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, AND PENN-
SYLVANIA DURING THE FIRST HALF CENTURY OF THE REPUBLIC.—By Dr. A. D. Mayo.

Page. New York

219 Dr Eliphalet Nott.

231 Emma Willard.

240 New Jersey

247 Pennsylvania ..

255

CHAPTER VII.-THE AMERICAN COMMON SCHOOL IN THE SOUTHERN STATES DURING THE

FIRST HALF CENTURY OF THE REPUBLIC, 1790–1840.—By Dr. A. D. Mayo.
The inauguration and direction of popular education..
The progress of education in Virginia

Maryland ..
Delaware
North Carolina
South Carolina.
Georgia
Florida
Alabama...
Mississippi
Louisiana..
Tennessee
Kentucky.
Arkansas and Texas.
Iowa..
Missouri.
The District of Columbia.

267 269 274 278 281 2.8 295 299 300 302 307 312 316 325 328 329 331

CHAPTER VIII.-PUBLIC, SOCIETY, AND SCHOOL LIBRARIES.
References to preceding publications on libraries..
Number of libraries and of volumes....
Volumes and pamphlets added and books issued..
Sources of support and classification.
Income from various sources...
Distribution of libraries and of volumes.......
Chart showing relative number of volumes to each 100 of population in 1896.
Summary of statistics of libraries in 1875 of 300 volumes and over..
Summary of statistics of libraries in 1885 of 300 volumes and over..
Libraries entirely free to the public and having 3,000 volumes and over......
List of public, society, and school libraries in the United States of 1,000 volumes and over in

1896..

339 341 342 343 346 348 350 351 352 355

370

CHAPTER IX.-LIBRARY LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES.

523 524 525 526 528

Legislation for the incorporation of library associations, societies, etc.
District and township libraries....
Free public libraries supported by the State.
Recent State library laws...
Résumé of library legislation..
State library laws:

Arizona...
California..
Colorado.
Connecticut
District of Columbia-Florida.
Idaho-Illinois
Indiana
Iowa...
Louisiana..
Maine...
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan
Minnesota Missouri-Neb

ampshire

532 533 536 538 539 540 541 545 5:16 548 549 549 566 568 571

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