Introduction to Glass Science and Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry, 31.10.2007 - 308 Seiten
Introduction to Glass Science and Technology presents the fundamental topics in glass science and technology including glass formation, crystallisation and phase separation. A detailed discussion of glass structure models with emphasis on the oxygen balance model is also presented. Additional chapters discuss the most important properties of glasses, including physical, optical, electrical, chemical and mechanical properties, and new to this edition, water in glasses and melts. Glass technology is addressed in chapters dealing with the details of glass raw materials, melting and fining, and commercial glass production methods. This expanded second edition also includes new chapters on the compositions and properties of commercial glasses and thermal analysis of glasses and melts. Exercises are included at the end of the chapters. This introductory text is ideal for undergraduates in materials science, ceramics or inorganic chemistry. It will also be useful to the engineer or scientist seeking basic knowledge of the formation, properties and production of glass.
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Chapter 9 Mechanical Properties
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absorption addition alkali borate alkali ions alkali silicate glasses alkaline earth alumina aluminosilicate annealing atoms band batch behavior bonds borate glasses boric oxide borosilicate glasses bubbles cations changes chemical color commercial glasses components cooling rate coordination curve decrease density determined diagram diffusion effect electrical conductivity expression fiber fictive temperature fluorine formation fraction glass composition glass forming melts glass transformation temperature glass-ceramics glasses containing halide heat homogeneous hydroxyl immiscibility increase infrared ionic large number liquid lithium material measured metal method microstructure modulus molar molar volume molecular non-bridging oxygens nucleation occur optical optical fibers oxide glasses oxygen phase separation produced properties reaction refractive index replacement result sample shown in Figure silicate glasses SiO2 soda soda–lime–silica glasses sodium silicate solubility specific spinodal stress structural models surface tetrahedra thermal expansion coefficient tion units usually viscosity vitreous silica volume