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with him thus, and we got on well; and ones. Moreover, as women usually are of a as he was going to marry soon the daugh- tongher staple than men can be, Chowne's ter of a publican, who had as good as fifty successive liberation from three wives had pounds, and nothing that could be set on added greatly to his fame for witch-craft, fire, and lived fifty miles away almost, he such as first accrued from his commanding did not mind telling me all the truth, be style, nocturnal habits, method of quenchcause he saw that I could keep it; and at ing other people, and collection of pots his age he could not enter into the spirit and kettles. The head-groom told me, of being kicked so. I told him I should with a knowing wink, that in his opinion like to see a man kick me! But he said the Parson was now looking after wife that I might come to it.

No. 4, for he never had known him come This was a very superior man, and I out so smart with silver heels and crested durst not contradict him ; and having ar- head-piece, and even the mark of the sadranged so to settle in life, how could he dle must not show upon his breeches. hope to tell any more lies? For I have al- This was a sure sign, he thought, that ways found all men grow pugnaciously there was a young lady in the wind, possestruthful, so to put it, for a month almost sing both money and good looks, such as before wedlock; while the women are do- Chowne was entitled to, and always had ing the opposite. However, not to go far insisted on. Upon that point I could have into that, what he told me was much as thirown some light, (if prudence had pera follows:

Parson Chowne in early life, before his suspicions, after what happened beside the mind was put into shape for anything but river; however, I said nothing. But I to please itself, had been dreadfully vexed asked him what in his opinion first had and thwarted. Every matter had gone soured the young man Chowne against amiss, directly he was concerned in it; the whole of the world so sadly, as he his guardians had cheated him, so had his seemned to retain it now. And he anstep-mother, so had his favourite uncle, swered me that he could not tell, inasand of course so had his lawyers done. In much as the cause which he had heard the thick of that bitterness, what did his given seemed to him to be most unlikely, sweetheart do but throw him over. She according to all that he saw of the man. took a great scare of his strange black Nevertheless I bade him tell it, being an eyes, when she found that his money was older man than he was, and therefore more doubtful. This was instinct, no doubt, on able to enter into what young folk call her part, and may have been a great sav- "inconsistencies.” And so he told me that ing for her; but to him it was a terrible it was this. Chowne, while still a young loss. His faith was already astray a little; boy, had loved, with all the force of his but a dear wife might have brought it heart, a boy a few years younger than himback, or at any rate made him think so. self, a cousin of his own, but not with And he was not of the nature which gropes prospects such as he had. And this boy after the bottom of everything, like a had been killed at school, and the matter twisting auger. Having a prospect of good hushed up comfortably among all high auestates, he was sent to London to learn thorities. But Stoyle Chowne had made the law, after finishing at Oxford, not that a vow to discover and hunt it out to the he might practise it, but to introduce a uttermost, and sooner or later to have renew element to the county magistrates, venge. But when his own wrongs fell when he should mount the bench among upon him, doubtless he had forgotten it. them. Here he got rogued, as was only I said that I did not believe he had done natural, and a great part of his land fell so, or ever would, to the uttermost. from him, and therefore he took to the Then I asked about Parson Jack, and clerical line; and being of a stern and de-heard pretty much what I expected. That cided nature, he married three wives, one he was a well-meaning man enough, alafter the other, and thus got a good deal though without much sense of right or of property. It was said, of course, as it wrong, until his evil star led him into Paralways is of any man thrice a widower, son Chowne's society. But still he had that he or his manner had killed his wives; instincts now and then, such as a horse has, a charge which should never be made of the right road; and an old woman of his without strong evidence in support of it. church declared that he did feel his own At any rate there had been no children; sermons, and if let alone, and listened to, and different opinions were entertained might come to act up to the n. I asked whether this were the cause or effect of whether Parzon Chowne might do the like, the Parson's dislike and contempt of little' but was told that he never preached any.


We were talking thus, and I had quite was quite against what I had been long acagreed to his desire of my company for customed to, wherever I deigned to go in supper-time, when the sound of a horse with my news to the servants' place, or upon stony ground, tearing along at a dan- the house-keeper's room, or anywhere gerous speed, quite broke up our confer- pointed out to me as the best for entertain

The groom, at the sound of it, ment. Here, however, although the serdamped out his pipe, and signified to me vants seemed to be plentiful enough, and to do the same.

the horses and the hounds to have as much “I have fired a-many of his enemies' as they could eat, there was not a trace of ricks,” he whispered, in bis haste and what I may call good domestic comfort. fright; “but if he were to smell me When this prevails, as it ought to do in a-smoking near to a rick of his own, good every gentleman's household, the marks Lord !” and he pointed to a hay-rope, as may be discovered in the eyes and the if he saw his halter. And though he had mouth of everybody. Nobody thinks of boasted of speedy marriage, and caring no. giving way to injudicious hurry when bells fig for Parson Chowne, he set off for the ring, or when shouts are heard, or horses' stables at a pace likely to prove injurious feet at the front door. And if on the part to his prospects of paternity.

of the carpeted rooms any disquietude is On the other hand, I, in a leisurely man- shown, or desire to play, or feed, or ride, ner, picked myself up from the attitude at times outside the convenience of the natural to me when listening kindly, and excellent company down-stairs, there is calmly asserting my right to smoke, ap- nothing more to be said, except that it canproached the track by wbich I knew that not be done, and should never in coinmon the rider must come into the yard; for all reason have been thought of. For all serthe dogs had no fear of me now, by virtue vants inust enjoy their meals, and must of the whistle which I bore. And before I have time to digest them with proper ease had been there half a minute, the Parson for conversation and expansion afterwards. dashed up with his horse all smoking, and At Candleston Court it was always so; himself in a heavy blackness of temper, and so it should be everywhere. such as I somehow expected of him.

However, to return to my groom, whose “No Jack here! not a Jack to be seen! cordiality revived at the inonent his masHave the kindness to look for my stable- ter turned the corner, perceiving that whip. Ho, Llewellyn is it?"

Chowne had some matter on hand which “Yes, your Reverence, David Llewellyn, would not allow him to visit the stables, once of his Majesty's Royal Navy, and now just for the present at any rate, he turned of

the black mare

over to the care of an “ No more of that! You have played understrapper, and with a wink and a me false. I expected it from a rogue like smack of his lips, gave me to know that his you. Restore me that trust-guinea." supper was toward. Neither were

This so largely differed from what even disappointed, but found it all going on Anthony Stew would dare to say in con- very sweetly, in a little private room used versation with me (much less at times of for cleaniny harness. And he told me evidence), that I lifted up my heart to that this young cook-maid, of unusual heaven, as two or three preachers had abilities, had attached herself to him very ordered me; and even our parson had strongly, with an eye to promotion, and backed it up, with lineage at least as good having no scent of his higher engagement: and perhaps much better than Parson neither would he have been unwilling to Chowne's by right of Welsh blood under it: carry out her wishes if she could only have the whole of this overcame me so, that I shown a sixpence against the innkeeper's could only say, “ What guinea, sir?” daughter's shilling. I told hin that he

“What guinea, indeed! You would was too romantic, and he said with a sigh rob me, would you? Don't you know bet- that he could not help it; but all would ter than that, my man? Come to me in come right in the end, no doubt. two hours' time. Stop, give me that dog's This honest affection impressed me not whistle!”

a little in his favour, and in less than half Taking that beed of me, and no more, an hour I found him a thoroughly worthy he cast the reigns to my friend the head- fellow: while he perceived, through a groom, who came up, looking for all the square-stalked rummer, that my character world as if never had he seen me, and was congenial. I told him therefore some wondered strangely who I could be. And foreign stories, many of which were exthis air of fright and denial always per- ceedingly true, and he by this time was vaded the whole household. All of which 'ready to answer almost anything that I LIVING AGE.




ehose to ask, even though he knew nothing; names were dying out, and they agreed about it. As for the people that wore no much better in consequence. And how clothes, but lived all together in the old could any writ, warrant, or summons run mud-house, there need be and could be no against people without a name? It had mystery. Every one knew that his Rev- once been tried with a “Nesho Kiss," the erence had picked them up in his early meaning of which was beyond me; but days, and been pleased with their simple Parson Chowne upset that at once; and appearance and dislike of cultivation. the bailiff was fit to make bricks of. Perceiving even then how glad he might : At this I shook my head and smiled ; be, in after-life, to annoy his neighbours, because we put up with many evils on our what did he do but bring these people side of the water, but never with people (then six in number, and all of them wives so unbecoming in their manner of life and and husbands to one another) and per- clothes. And I thonght how even mild suade them to dig themselves out a house, Colonel Lougher would have behaved and by deed of gift establish them on forty upon such a point, and how sharp Anthony acres of their own land, so that, as Eng. Stew would have stamped when they lishmen love to say, their house was now began to pelt him; and how I wished him their castle. Not that these were perhaps there to try it! English folk, rath of a Gipsy cross,

Nevertheless I desired to know what capable, however, of becoming white if a victuals these good barbarians had; bemuscular man should scrub them. The cause, although like the Indian Jogis (mengroom said that nobody durst go near tioned by some great traveller) they might them, except Parson Chowne and Parson prove their right to go without clothes, Jack, and that they seemed to get worse which never were born upon them, they aud worse, as they began to be persecuted could not to my mind prove their power by clothes-wearing people. I asked him to do so well without victuals. He anwhat their manners were; and he said he swered that this was a clever thing on iny believed they were good enough, so long part to inquire about; but that I was so as not interfered with; and who could far wrong that these people would eat anyblame them for maintaining that whether thing. His Reverence sent them every they wore clothes or not was entirely their week the refuse of his garden, as well as own concern: also, that if outer strangers of stable-yard and kennel, and they had a intruded, from motives of low curiosity, gift of finding food in everything around upon their unclad premises, it was only them. Their favourite dish

so to say, fair to point out to them the disadvantages when they had never a dish among them of costume, by making it very hard to was what they discovered in the pasturewash? There was some sense in this, land; and this they divided carefully ; because the main anxiety of mankind is to accounting it the depth of shame, and the convert one another; and the pelting of surest mark of civilization, to cheat one mud is usually the beginning of such over- another. But they could not expect to tures. And these fine fellows having re- get this every day, in a neighbourhood of curred (as Parson Chowne said) to a moorland; therefore, instead of grumbling, natural state, their very first desire would they did their best to get on without it. be to redeein' all fellow-creatures from the And Providence always sends thousands evils of civilization. Whereof the fore- of victuals for all whose stomachs have most perhaps is clothes, and the time we not been ruined by thinking too much take in dressing – a twelfth part of their about them; or very likely through the waking life with even the wisest women, women beginning to make them delicate. and with the unwise virgins often not less So when a man is seasick he thinks of and than three-quarters; and with many men hates almost everything. not much better. - But to come back to On the other hand, these noble fellows my savages. I asked this good groom hated nothing that could be chewed. how it came to pass that none of the Twenty-one sorts of toad-stool, with the sheriffs, or deputies, or even magistrates insects which inhabit them; three varieties of the shire, put down this ungoodly com- of eft, and of frogs no less than seven; pany. He said that they had tried, but also slugs six inches long, too large to failed, according to the laws of England, | have a house built ; moles that live in on the best authority. Because these men lines of decks, like a man-of-waris-man ; of the ancient Adam went back to the time also rats, and brindled hedge-hogs, and before the beasts had come to Adam to the grubs of hornets (which far surpass all get their names. They brought up their oysters) — these, and other little things, children without a name, and now all like goat-moths, leopards, aud money

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grubs, kept them so alive as never to come vited, because there was now no Mrs. down on the parish. Neither was there Chowne. And they saw a rare chance to any ben-roost, rickyard, apple-room, or tell good stories, and get on without the dairy, on the farms around them, but in it little snaps which are apt to occur among they found nourishment. Into all this I ladies. Therefore they all appeared in could enter, while the groom only showed strength, having represented it as a high the door of it.

duty, whatever their better halves might But while we were talking thus, I heard think. When a parson says this, his wife the stable-clock strike eight, which brought must knock under, or never go to church Ilezekiah to my mind, and my own church- again. Being there, they were treated clock at Newton. It struck in such a man- well, and had the good dinner they all dener that I saw the door of my own cottage, served, and found their host very different also Bunny in bed, with her nostrils ready from what they had been led to expect of to twitch for snoring, and mother Jones, him. He gave them as much wine as they with a candle, stooping to ease her by needed, and a very good wine too. He means of a drop of hot grease; and inside, let them tell their stories, though his own by the wall, lay Bardie sleeping (as she al- taste was quite different; and he even huways slept) with a smile of high-born moured them so as to laugh the while he quietude. And what would all three say was despising them. And though he could to me if ever I got back again?

not bear tobacco, that and pipes were Thanking this excellent groom for all brought in for them. his hospitality to me, and promising at his All went smoothly until one of them, desire to keep it from his master, I took edged on by the others, called for spirits my way (as pointed out) to the room and hot water. This Master Chowne had where his Reverence might be found. I prepared for, of course, and meant to feared that his temper would be black, un- present the things in good time; but now less he had dined as I had supped, and being gored thus in his own house, the taken a good glass afterwards. And I devil entered into him. His dark face could not believe what the groom had told grew of a leaden colour, while he begged me concerning one particular. There is a their pardon. Then out he went to most utterly pestilent race arising, and Mother Steelyard, and told her exactly growing up around us, whose object is to what to do. Two great jacks of brown destroy old England, by forbidding a man brandy came in, and were placed upon the to drink. St. Paul speaks against them, table, and two silver kettles upon the hobs. and all the great prophets. Also one of He begged all his guests to help themthe foremost parables is concerning bot- selves, showing the lemons and sugar-cadtles, as especially honest things (while dy, the bottles, and kettles, and everybushels are to the contrary), and the ten- thing: and then he left them to their own dency of all Scripture is such – whichever devices, while he talked with Parson Jack, Testament you take - that no man in his who had dropped in suddenly. wits can doubt it. And though I never Now, what shall I tell you came to pass read the Koran, and only have heard some as a very great traveller always says verses of it, I know enough to say posi- why, only that these parsons grew tively that Mahomet began this movement more drunk than despair, or even hope. to establish Antichrist.

Because, in the silver kettles was not waHowever, my groom said that Parson ter, but whiskey at boiling-point, and the Chowne, though not such a fool as to stop more they desired to weaken their brandy, other people, scarcely ever took a drop the more they fortified it; until they tumhimself; and his main delight was to make bled out all together, in every state of dislow beasts of the clergy who had no self- order. For this he had prepared, by placcommand. And two or three years ago ing at the foot of his long steps half-ahe had played a trick on his brother par- dozen butts of liquid from the cleaning of sons, such as no man would ever have tried his drains, meant to be spread on the fields who took his own glass in moderation and next day. And into the whole of this they enjoyed it heartily, as Scripture even com- fell, and he bolted the doors upon them. mands us to do, to promote good-fellow- This made a stir in the clerical cirship, and discretion. Having a power of cles, when it came to be talked about; visitation, from some faculty he enjoyed, but upon reference to the bishop, he he sent all round to demand their presence thought they had better say nothing about at a certain time, for dinner. All the par- it, only be more considerate. And on the sons were glad enough, especially as their whole it redounded gently to the credit of wives could not, in good manners, be in- Parson Chowne.


From Macmillan's Magazine. words thrown into them, for the sake of THE CURRENT STREET BALLADS OF

display rather than of sense. They have IRELAND.

an air of ragged, boastful scholarship, that

is quite indescribable. References to clasAMONG the series of ballads composed sic deities and names are abundant; and by Mr. Thackeray, the reader may recol- Virgil, Ovid, and Homer are alluded to in lect the Molony division, supposed to be a tone of confident acquaintance with the contributions of an Irish minstrel who these writers. The fact is, that most of had a trick of putting his social, political, the older ballads were manufactured and sentimental views into verses of a by the hedge-schoolmasters and by the very quaint and original pattern. Maginn, poor scholars, as they were called. The Father Prout, and Lover had indeed previ- hedge-schoolmaster was not unfrequentously discovered the humorous value of the ly an aspirant for admission to Maynotion wliich consisted in nothing more than nooth, who underwent a severe course of giving a certain artistic expression to forms self-preparation by acquiring some knowlof lyrical doggerel which were extremely edge of Latin and Greek. Having failed popular in Ireland. It is cnrious enough in his main enterprise, having discovered that the taste for these odd effusions still that he had no “ vocation," the rejected or survives amongst a people who are be- disappointed candidate for the priesthood, coming thoroughly Anglicized in most of unfit for field labour, and too old to learn their habits and customs. The fairies a trade, possessing pedantic pride in his have gone from the land, the Holy Wells learning, such as it was, usually set up as are neglected, the cry of the Banshee is a teacher of the rustics, and as the local never heard, the wakes are decorous, the bard and poet of his parish. To him we Chincauns have abandoned the bills, the are probably indebted for the mythological waters of Killarney are deserted by the machinery of the ballad. This element equestrian spectre of O'Donoghue, but has been retained in the current lyrics the ballad – the Molony ballad - four- with singular fidelity to the traditional ishes as briskly as ever. At the race-construction of the lays of the ditch-pedacourses, fairs, and regattas, the ballad gogues. minstrel is certain of bringing about hiin The passion of love forins, of course, or her a large audience, and may be seen one of the principal themes of the Irish disposing of the wares in thick sheaves ballad-monger. He treats the subject at the close of each ditty. The peasantry generally, with a modest gallantry and diswhen coming to the market town for tance which is now out of date with poets. small purchases, invariably bring back in a His alarms, distractions, and fevers are basket or wallet the newest ballad; and expressed in language suggestive of our in the cabins, and even farmhouses, a few modish period, when ladies and gentlemen of the broadsheets will be found pasted addressed each other as nymphs and on the walls under the coloured effigy of swains. These songs remind you at once a saint performing a miracle, or of Napo- of the coffee-house Eclogues in which batleon prancing over the peaks of the Alpstered town toasts and hooped beauties on a steed. It should be noted that the were depicted listening to the flageolets Irish street ballad has nothing but its bad of shepherds, and the elegant miseries of type and paper in common with the Cat- rural lovers with Virgilian titles. The nach doggerel sung by the bawling vaga- minstrel seldom very much despairs or bonds who hawk gallows and gutter liter- threatens to die when deceived, or when ature about London. It is rarely indeed the object of his affection is inaccessible. coarse ; it is never consciously blesphem- Here is a stanza from “ The Western Cot

The ruffians in college gowns who tage Maid,” a popular Munster lyric, in here attend park meetings, chanting a which the reader will perceive how commock litany and mock hymns would be pletely naturalized the celebrites of heathstripped of their trappings, and probably enesse are in the productions to which I put under a pump, by an Irish mob, be- am referring: fore they had well roared through the introduction of their entertainment. The

“ It was in the month of May, when lamkins audience of the Irish ballad-monger and

sport and play,

As I roved out for sweet recreation, singer never relish an indecent or irreverent allusion. They enjoy fun, pathos,

I espied a lovely maid sequestered in a shade, and an odd kind of gentility — yes, gen

On her beauty I gazed with admirition.

How graceful and divine, how benignant ani tility is the word — in the verses. The sublime, ballads are thickly ornamented with big More delicious than the fragrance of Flora;


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