Sore throat and tonsillitis
SICS Editore, 01.10.2014
A throat swab culture or a rapid test is taken from patients with clear signs of tonsillitis without other respiratory symptoms (usually indicating a viral infection, e.g., rhinitis, cough, hoarseness). Antibiotics are indicated in infections caused by group A streptococci. A peritonsillar abscess should be identified and treated immediately. The source of infection should be identified in recurrent tonsillitis. Epidemics should be recognized and their spread prevented by giving antimicrobial treatment also to carriers (even when caused by group C or G streptococci).
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abbreviations acid adults aetiology alanine transaminase anaemia antibiotics atrial fibrillation bacterial beta-haemolytic streptococci blood body of evidence caused by groupA cephalosporins child childhood children and adolescents Chronic Clinical examination clinical picture Cochrane coronary deficiencies diagnosis diarrhoea disorders Drug EBM Evidence-Based Medicine EBM Guidelines effect lies close epidemics estimate of effect Evidence Based Medicine Evidence Summaries Evidence-Based Medicine fever findings are stable follow-up GRADE group A streptococci haemoglobin hormone replacement hypertension idiopathic immunodeficiency inchildren includedin infections caused inthe joint lipoprotein Macrolides Medical MediDSS Mononucleosis Mycoplasma myocardial infarction NSAIDS ofthe oftonsillitis Oral otitis media outcome pain paracetamol Penicillin peritonsillar abscess pharyngitis Polycystic ovary syndrome positive culture primary health Pulmonary purpura recurrent tonsillitis referral Resolution of symptoms respiratory rheumatoid arthritis sore throat streptococcal disease Supraventricular surgery symptomatic patients tachycardia therapy tonsillectomy tonsillitis treatment trials true effect type 1 diabetes Ulcerative ultraviolet update Urinary tract infection vaccine ventricular hypertrophy Viral virus