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give one similar instance of honour and integrity among our numerous enemies. We have already described the successful retreat of this immense fleet to Brest, pursued by Lord Keith.
In the month of February, the Leviathan and Argo, commanded by Captains Markham and Bowen, chased two Spanish frigates on the coast of Catalonia: the Leviathan had her main-topsailyard carried away; but the Argo came up with one of the frigates, which immediately surrendered. She was called the Santa Teresa of forty-two guns, and had on board five hundred soldiers and seamen.
Captain James Saunders in the Espoir brig, of fourteen guns, fought two Spanish xebecs, either of which might have been considered of equal force to the British vessel. After contending with them for one hour and fifty minutes, he carried the largest by boarding; the other escaped.
Captain Peard in the Success, sent his boats under the command of Lieutenants Facey and Stupart, with Lieutenant Dawson of the marines, and forty men, into the harbour of La Seva, near Cape Creux; where they attacked a polacre, moored under the guns of the fort, with boardingnettings up, and defended by one hundred and thirteen men; whom they drove from the decks with great slaughter, and brought the vessel out. Lieutenant, now Captain, Stupart was severely wounded. Captain F. W. Austen, in the Petterel, sent his boats under the command of Lieutenant ■ J. W. Brenton, in chase of a vessel near Barcelona. On coming up with her, they were cautioned by the enemy to keep off; but the boats dashing alongside were so firmly received, that they were compelled to retreat with many men killed, and the Lieutenant mortally wounded. The boats of the Phaeton, Captain James N. Morris, boarded the San Josef, a Spanish vessel of fourteen guns, and seventy men, and brought her out from the batteries of Fangerolla.—Lieutenant, now Captain, Francis Beaufort, who commanded the party, was *' severely wounded.
On the 5th of April, 1800, Rear-admiral Sir John Duckworth, when cruising off Cadiz, fell in with a rich convoy of Spanish merchantmen, bound to South America, loaded with quicksilver and other merchandise, under the protection of three frigates, which had also a cargo of quicksilver on board. Sir John having captured two of the frigates, the Carmen and Florentina, of thirty-six guns each, and three hundred and forty men, and also eleven sail of merchant-ships richly laden, carried all his prizes safe to Gibraltar.
Sir John immediately after this event, was succeeded in the blockade of Cadiz by Rear-admiral Sir Richard Bickerton, and was ordered in the Leviathan to the Leeward islands, where he took the chief command, Lord Hugh Seymour going down to Jamaica.
While the armies of the Republic were regaining what they had lost in Italy, the little island of Elba was the scene of the most brilliant valour and obstinate contention. This island is eight miles long, and two broad. A small number of English, driven from the dominions of Tuscany, in October, 1800, took refuge at Porto Ferrajo, headed by Mr. Isaac Grant, the British vice-consul. They formed the resolution of defending themselves from the attacks of the French. The enthusiasm against Gallic tyranny and rapacity communicated even to the women, who took up arms to assist in the extirpation of the enemies of freedom. Three hundred soldiers were thrown into the place from the British squadron, under Sir J. B. Warren, and a body of Corsicans and Neapolitans raised the number of men in the garrison to fifteen hundred. The town was invested on the land side by five thousand French troops, and batteries being erected, it was exposed to all the horrors of a bombardment. In a sally, Mr. Grant succeeded in destroying the principal works of the enemy; but these were soon replaced by others equally strong. Sir John Warren detached seven sail of the line, and three frigates, with some troops, from before Toulon, to defend this island: but the enemy having possession of the posts, commanding the harbour of Porto Ferrajo, our ships could not enter, but landed the troops and seamen, to the number of three thousand, in different parts, as near to the principal post as possible.
Attacked in their advance from the beach, by the French General (Martin), they were defeated with the loss of eight hundred killed and wounded, and about two hundred taken prisoners: the English frigates, which had entered the harbour, while our troops temporarily occupied the batteries, were compelled to retreat with loss and disorder. A simultaneous attack in the port of Marcana was equally unsuccessful. By the treaty of Luneville, Elba, which belonged jointly to Tuscany and Naples, was ceded by both those powers to France; the king of Naples receiving the principality of Piombino (the property of Tuscany) in compensation. The cession of this island was confirmed to France, at the peace of Amiens.
The blockade of Malta, and the siege of Valette, still continued; and such was the vigilance of the British cruisers that the wants of the French became daily more pressing. A squadron, consisting of the Genereux, of seventy-four guns, two frigates, and a store-ship, having on board four thousand troops, and a vast quantity of provisions, sailed from Toulon, with a view to relieve the garrison. Lord Keith, aware of their approach, disposed his ships accordingly. Lord Nelson in the Foudroyant, of eighty guns, with the Alexander, Audacious, and Northumberland, seventyfours, and the Lion, of sixty-four guns, Success frigate, and El Corso brig, fell in with them on the 18th of February, when the Genereux, bearing the flag of Rear-admiral Peree, struck to the Alexander after little resistance, and the store-ship was also taken: the frigates escaped.
In this action, although the enemy was compelled to submit to superior numbers, we must not omit to do justice to the gallant conduct of Captain Peard, in the Success frigate, of thirtytwo guns. This we mention, not only as an act of judicious valour, but to shew how much may be done by frigates similarly situated; and it is strongly recommended to young officers, intrusted with such enviable commands, to study the models placed before them, in the captures of the Genereux and the Guillaume Tell, which were principally effected by the bravery, coolness, and presence of mind of two captains of frigates, Peard and Blackwood. We say this without meaning to detract from the merit of Lieutenant Harrington of the Alexander. In the course of the chase, Peard, crossing the Genereux on opposite tacks, passed as near to her as he could; and gave his broadsides, receiving those of his tremendous enemy. By this fire of the Success, the French Admiral was killed, and his ship thrown into a confusion from which she could not recover, and which was one great cause of her capture. Such exploits as these, and the actors in them, should never be forgotten, and never go unrewarded. Without the honour of being personally known. to Admiral Peard, we most cheerfully pay this humble tribute to valour and nautical skill, united to the most unblemished private character.
The capture of the Genereux led to the surrender of Malta, and was the last act performed by