Elements of Chemistry, in a New Systematic Order: Containing All the Modern Discoveries
Courier Corporation, 1965 - 511 Seiten
Monumental classic by the founder of modern chemistry is essential for undergraduate students. First explicit statement of law of conservation of matter in chemical change; first modern list of chemical elements; more. Facsimile reprint of original (1790) Kerr translation. Introduction by Professor Douglas McKie.
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Of the Formation and Decomposition of Aeriform Fluidsof the Combustion of Simple Bodiesand the Formation of Acids
General Views relative to the Formation and Camposition of our Atmosphere
Analysis of Atmospheric Air and its Division into two Elastic Fluids the one fit for Respiration the other incapable of being respired
Namenclature of the several Constituent Parts of Atmospheric Air
Of the Decomposition of Oxygen Gas by Sulphur Phosphorus and Charcoaland of the Formation of Acids in general
Of the Nomenclature of Acids in general and particularly of those drawn from Nitre and SeaSalt
Of the Decomposition of Oxygen Gas by means of Metals and the Formation of Metallic Oxyds
Of the Radical Principle of Water and of its Decomposition by Charcoal and Iron
Of the Formation of Neutral Salts and of their diﬀerent Bases
Continuation of the Observations upon Salifiable Bases and the Formation of Neutral Salts
Of the Combination of Acids with Saliﬁable Bases and of the Formation of Neutral Salts
Description of the Inﬅruments and Operations of Chemistry
Of the Instruments necessary for determining the Absolute and Specific Gravities of Solid and Liquid Bodies
Of Gazometry or the Measurement of the Weight and Volume of Aëriform Substances
Description of the Calorimeter or Apparatus for measuring Caloric
Of Mechanical Operations for Division of Bodies
Of the quantities of Caloric disengaged from different species of Combustion
Of the Combination of Combustible Substances with each other
Observations upon Oxyds and Acids with several Basesand upon the Composition of Animal and Vegetable Substances
Of the Decomposition of Vegetable and animal Substances by the Action of Fire
Of the Decomposition of Vegetable Oxyds by the Vinous Fermentation
Of the Putrefactive Fermentation
Of the Acetous Fermentation
Of Chemical means for Separating the Particles of Bodies from each other without Decomposition and for uniting them again
Of Pneumatochemical Distillations Metallic Dissolutions and some other operations which require very complicated instruments
Of the Composition and Application of Lates
Of Operations upon Combustion and Deflagration
CHAPTER IX Of Deflagration
Of the Instruments necessary for Operating upon Bodies in very high Temperatures
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Seite xxiv - I shall therefore only add upon this subject that if by the term elements we mean to express those simple and indivisible atoms of which matter is composed, it is extremely probable we know nothing at all about them ; but, if we apply the term elements, or principles of bodies...
Seite xvii - In the study and practice of the sciences it is quite different; the false judgments we form neither affect our existence nor our welfare; and we are not forced by any physical necessity to correct them. Imagination, on the contrary, which is ever wandering beyond the bounds of truth, joined to self-love and that self-confidence we are so apt to indulge, prompt us to draw conclusions which are not immediately derived from facts; so that we become in some measure interested in deceiving ourselves.
Seite xxiv - All that can be said upon the number and nature of elements is, in my opinion, confined to discussions entirely of a metaphysical nature. The subject only furnishes us with indefinite problems, which may be solved in a thousand different ways, not one of which, in all probability, is consistent with nature. I shall therefore only add upon this subject that if by the term elements we mean...
Seite xvi - When we begin the study of any science, we are in a situation, respecting that science, similar to that of children; and the course by which we have to advance is precisely the same which nature follows in the formation of their ideas. In a child, the idea is merely an effect produced by a sensation; and, in the same manner, in commencing the study of a physical science, we ought to form no idea but what is a necessary consequence, and immediate effect, of an experiment or observation. Besides, he...
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