World Atlas of Coral Reefs
Mark Spalding, Mark D Spalding, M.A., Phd, Corinna Ravilious, Edmund Peter Green, United Nations Environment Programme, World Conservation Monitoring Centre
University of California Press, 2001 - 424 Seiten
Coral reefs are one of the most biologically diverse habitats in the world, host to an extraordinary variety of marine plants and animals. They are also one of the world's most fragile and endangered ecosystems. The growth of mass tourism, combined with the boom in popularity of scuba diving, has brought these spectacular ecosystems to public attention across the planet.
Coral reefs provide essential fish habitat, support endangered and threatened species, and harbor protected marine mammals and turtles. They are a significant source of food, provide income and employment through tourism and marine recreation, and offer countless other benefits to humans, including supplying compounds for pharmaceuticals. Yet coral reefs around the world are rapidly being degraded by a number of human activities, such as overfishing, coastal development, and the introduction of sewage, fertilizer, and sediment.
World Atlas of Coral Reefs provides the first detailed and definitive account of the current state of our planet's coral reefs. With its wealth of authoritative and up-to-date information, the finest maps available, and detailed descriptive texts and images by leading experts, this full-color volume will be a critical resource for anyone interested in these vital environments.
World Atlas of Coral Reefs contains eighty-four full-page newly researched and drawn color maps, together with more than two hundred color photos illustrating reefs, reef animals, and images taken from space by NASA astronauts during the 2000 and 2001 space shuttle flights. The authors provide a wealth of information on the geography, biodiversity, and human uses of coral reefs, as well as details about the threats to their existence.
Prepared at the UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre in Cambridge, England--the United Nations office responsible for providing authoritative information on the condition of global biodiversity--the Atlas will be a critical tool for scientists, students, policymakers, and planners at local, national, and international levels alike.
Publication of the World Atlas of Coral Reefs is supported by international institutions including the United Nations Environment Programme; The Marine Aquarium Council, The International Coral Reef Initiative; ICLARM--The World Fish Center; the Professional Association of Diving Instructors, and the Aventis Foundation.
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PARTI Florida and the US Gulf of Mexico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Quantifying diversity 27 Mexico
and El Salvador
The importance of reefs 47 Colombia and Ecuador
Malaysia Singapore and Brunei Darussalam
Spratly Islands TungSha Dongsha
Taiwan and Japan
Central Indian Ocean
British Indian Ocean Territory
Palau and the Federated States
Tonga and Niue
French Polynesia the Pitcairn Islands
and the US minor outlying islands
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Acropora activities algae Archipelago area thousand km2 areas with coral atolls Barrier Reef Biodiversity Biodiversity Reef area British Admiralty Chart capita fish consumption Caribbean Cayman coast coastal coastline continental shelf coral bleaching coral communities coral reefs Data Population thousands dive diversity east eastern ecosystems fish consumption kg/year fisheries fringing reefs GDP million global Grand Cayman Gulf Hydrographic Office impacts Indian Ocean Indo-Pacific Isla IUCN lagoon Land area km2 mainland major mangrove Mangrove area km2 mangrove species Marine area thousand Marine Park MP marine protected areas Marine Reserve meters MP II National Park NP overfishing Pacific percent pollution Pulau Ramsar Site Recorded coral diseases Red Sea Reef area km2 reef communities reef development reef fish reef flat reef structures Reefs at risk region seagrass seagrass species sedimentation shallow square kilometers Status and Threats Threats Reefs tourism volcanic waters World Heritage Site WRef