The Languages of Jerusalem
Professor of English Bernard Spolsky, Bernard Spolsky, Robert Leon Cooper, Professor School of Education and Department of Sociology Robert L Cooper
Clarendon Press, 1991 - 166 Seiten
The Old City of Jerusalem, small and densely populated, is a complex microcosm of Israeli society. It is a multilingual community characterized by unequal power relations between the speakers of the two official languages of Israel - Arabs and Jews. The authors begin with a sociolinguistic sketch of the Old City in the present day. They then provide a historical background to their field study, discussing Jewish multilingualism from the period of the Second Templeuntil modern times, the sociolinguistics of Jerusalem one hundred years ago, and the recent revival and spread of Hebrew. They go on to develop a model of the rules of language choice which arises from their analysis of language use in street signs, and which they then apply to language use in themarket place. In the final chapters they examine language learning and language spread in their social context. The authors demonstrate that, because of the close association between language use and social structure, the study of language use in a multilingual society is at the same time both a powerful and a delicate method of studying the dynamics of group interactions.
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able adoption appear Arabic Aramaic Armenian Ashkenazim Ben-Arieh bilingual British cent century chapter Christian cited claimed clear close condition consider continued developed domain English established example fact followed formal French functions Gate German Greek Hebrew immigrants important instruction Israel Israeli Jerusalem Jewish Jews knowledge language language choice later Latin learning least linguistic literacy living major mother tongue multilingual Muslim native nineteenth noted observed occupation official Old City painted board Palestine Palestinian pattern period person planning police population quarter question Rabbi reason refers religious reported respondents rules sample seems served shopkeeper signs situation skills social speak speakers spoken spread status street suggest symbolic Table Talmud taught teachers teaching third tourists Turkish varieties vernacular walls writing written Yiddish
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