The Black Sea Flood Question: Changes in Coastline, Climate and Human Settlement

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Valentina Yanko-Hombach, Allan S. Gilbert, Nicolae Panin, Pavel M. Dolukhanov
Springer Science & Business Media, 15.11.2006 - 971 Seiten

Stimulated by "Noah’s Flood Hypothesis" proposed by W. Ryan and W. Pitman in which a catastrophic inundation of the Pontic basin was linked to the biblical story, leading experts in Black Sea research (including oceanography, marine geology, paleoclimate, paleoenvironment, archaeology, and linguistic spread) provide overviews of their data and interpretations obtained through empirical scientific approaches. Among the contributors are many East European scientists whose work has rarely been published outside of Cyrillic. Each of the 35 papers marshals its own evidence for or against the flood hypothesis. No summary or overall resolution to the flood question is presented, but instead access is provided to a broad range of interdisciplinary information that crosses previously impenetrable language barriers so that new work in the region can proceed with the benefit of a wider frame of reference. The three fundamental scenarios describing the late glacial to Holocene rise in the level of the Black Sea—catastrophic, gradual, and oscillating—are presented in the early pages, with the succeeding papers organized by geographic sector: northern (Ukraine), western (Moldova, Romania, and Bulgaria), southern (Turkey), and eastern (Georgia and Russia), as well as three papers on the Mediterranean. The volume thus brings together eastern and western scholarship to share research findings and perspectives on a controversial subject. In addition, appendices are included containing some 600 radiocarbon dates from the Pontic region obtained by USSR and western laboratories.

 

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OXIC SUBOXIC AND ANOXIC CONDITIONS IN THE BLACK SEA
1
MOLLUSCAN PALEOECOLOGY IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF COASTAL CHANGES
23
CLIMATE MODELING RESULTS FOR THE CIRCUMPONTIC REGION FROM THE LATE PLEISTOCENE TO THE MIDHOLOCENE
47
STATUS OF THE BLACK SEA FLOOD HYPOTHESIS
63
THE MARMARA SEA GATEWAY SINCE 16 KY BP NONCATASTROPHIC CAUSES OF PALEOCEANOGRAPHIC EVENTS IN THE BLACK SE...
89
THE LATE GLACIAL GREAT FLOOD IN THE PONTOCASPIAN BASIN
118
CONTROVERSY OVER NOAHS FLOOD IN THE BLACK SEAGEOLOGICAL AND FORAMINIFERAL EVIDENCE FROM THE SHELF
149
ON THE POSTGLACIAL CHANGES IN THE LEVEL OF THE BLACK SEA
205
MORPHOTECTONIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOUTHERN BLACK SEA REGION AND THE BOSPHORUS CHANNEL
537
SEALEVEL CHANGES MODIFIED THE QUATERNARY COASTLINES IN THE MARMARA REGION NORTHWESTERN TURKEY WHAT AB...
570
SEALEVEL CHANGES DURING THE LATE PLEISTOCENEHOLOCENE ON THE SOUTHERN SHELVES OF THE BLACK SEA
603
THE FROZEN BOSPHORUS AND ITS PALEOCLIMATIC IMPLICATIONS BASED ON A SUMMARY OF THE HISTORICAL DATA
632
COASTAL CHANGES OF THE BLACK SEA AND SEA OF MARMARA IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
651
SUBMERGED PALEOSHORELINES IN THE SOUTHERN AND WESTERN BLACK SEA IMPLICATIONS FOR INUNDATED PREHISTORIC A...
670
NEW EVIDENCE FOR THE EMERGENCE OF A MARITIME BLACK SEA ECONOMY
697
HOLOCENE SEALEVEL CHANGES OF THE BLACK SEA
711

THE POSTGLACIAL TRANSGRESSION OF THE BLACK SEA
221
CLIMATE DYNAMICS SEALEVEL CHANGE AND SHORELINE MIGRATION IN THE UKRAINIAN SECTOR OF THE CIRCUMPONTIC REGI...
251
THE MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC AND EARLY UPPER PALEOLITHIC IN THE NORTHERN BLACK SEA REGION
278
ENVIRONMENT SEALEVEL CHANGES AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS IN THE NORTHERN PONTIC AREA DURING LATE PLEISTOCENE A...
297
HOLOCENE MEDITERRANIZATION OF THE SOUTHERN CRIMEAN VEGETATION PALEOECOLOGICAL RECORDS REGIONAL CLIMATE...
319
PONTICCASPIAN MESOLITHIC AND EARLY NEOLITHIC SOCIETIES AT THE TIME OF THE BLACK SEA FLOOD A SMALL AUDIENCE A...
345
FLUCTUATIONS IN THE LEVEL OF THE BLACK SEA AND MESOLITHIC SETTLEMENT OF THE NORTHERN PONTIC AREA
371
THE NORTHWESTERN BLACK SEA CLIMATIC AND SEALEVEL CHANGES IN THE LATE QUATERNARY
387
SEALEVEL FLUCTUATIONS AND COASTLINE MIGRATION IN THE NORTHWESTERN BLACK SEA AREA OVER THE LAST 18 KY BASE...
405
WATERLEVEL FLUCTUATIONS IN THE BLACK SEA SINCE THE LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM
436
ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND PALEONTOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF CLIMATE DYNAMICS SEA LEVEL CHANGE AND COASTLINE MIGRATI...
453
DENDROCHRONOLOGY OF SUBMERGED BULGARIAN SITES
483
THE NEOLITHIZATION OF THE NORTH PONTIC AREA AND THE BALKANS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE BLACK SEA FLOODS
489
HOLOCENE CHANGES IN THE LEVEL OF THE BLACK SEA CONSEQUENCES AT A HUMAN SCALE
515
SEALEVEL CHANGES AND COASTLINE MIGRATIONS IN THE RUSSIAN SECTOR OF THE BLACK SEA APPLICATION TO THE NOAHS F...
731
LANGUAGE DISPERSAL FROM THE BLACK SEA REGION
775
BLACK SEA CONNECTION FROM ISOSTATIC MODELS AND REGIONAL SEALEVEL DATA TIMING OF THE LAST MEDITERRANEAN S...
797
CLIMATIC CHANGES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN FROM THE LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM TO THE LATE HOLOCENE
809
CLIMATE SEA LEVEL AND CULTURE IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN 20 KY TO THE PRESENT
819
APPENDICES
833
Appendix 1 Radiocarbon dates for Late Pleistocene and Holocene sediments of the Black Sea coast and shelf from former USSR sources arranged fro...
834
Appendix 2 Radiocarbon dates for Late Pleistocene and Holocene sediments of the Black Sea and Sea of Azov coasts and shelf from former USSR so...
860
Appendix 3 Programs of OctoberNovember 2003 conferences
879
AUTHOR INDEX
889
SUBJECT INDEX
923
TAXONOMIC INDEX
963
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