Sociolinguistics

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Cambridge University Press, 13.06.1996 - 279 Seiten
3 Rezensionen
This new edition of R. A. Hudson's Sociolinguistics will be welcomed by students and teachers alike. To reflect changes in the field since publication of the first edition in 1980, the author has added new sections on politeness, accommodation, and prototypes; and he has expanded discussion of sex differences in language use, and the relationship between language and thought. Ample coverage of classic topics such as varieties of language, speech as social interaction, the quantitative study of speech, and linguistic and social inequality, remains.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
12 Sociolinguistics and linguistics
2
113 Sociolinguistics and the sociology of language
4
12 Sociolinguistic phenomena
5
122 A real but exotic world
6
123 A real and familiar world
9
13 Speakers and communities
10
132 The sociolinguistic development of the child
14
43 The structure of speech
132
432 Other kinds of structure in speech
134
44 Verbal and nonverbal behaviour
136
442 Structuremarkers
138
443 Contentmarkers
139
45 Malefemale differences in speech
140
The quantitative study of speech
144
512 Why study speech quantitatively?
148

14 Summary and conclusions
17
Varieties of language
20
212 Linguistic items
21
213 Varieties of language
22
214 Speech communities
24
22 Languages
30
222 Standard languages
32
223 The delimitation of languages
34
224 The family tree model
37
23 Dialects
38
232 Diffusion and the wave theory
39
233 Social dialects
41
234 Types of linguistic item
43
24 Registers
45
242 Diglossia
49
25 Mixture of varieties
51
252 Codemixing
53
255 Borrowing
55
254 Pidgins
59
255 Creoles
63
26 Conclusions
68
Language culture and thought
70
312 Thought
72
313 Language culture and thought
78
32 Linguistic and cultural relativity
81
322 Prototypes
85
325 Basiclevel concepts
88
324 Conclusions
90
33 Language and thought
91
332 The SapirWhorf Hypothesis
95
333 Sexism in the language system
102
34 General conclusions
104
Speech as social interaction
106
412 The classification of speech
109
413 Speech as skilled work
112
414 The norms governing speech
116
415 Conclusion
119
42 Speech as a signal of social identity
120
422 Power and solidarity
122
423 Linguistic signals of power and solidarity
127
52 Methodology
150
New York
155
Norwich
159
Belfast
163
Cardiff
164
Detroit
166
53 Linguistic variables
169
532 Calculating scores for texts
175
533 Calculating scores far individuals and groups
177
54 Influences on linguistic variables
181
542 The speakers group membership
184
543 The speakers degree of group membership
190
544 The speakers sex
193
545 The situation and style
199
55 Summary
201
Linguistic and social inequality
203
612 Three types of linguistic inequality
205
62 Subjective inequality
206
622 Evaluation of language
209
623 Stereotypes and how to study them
211
624 Prejudice of teachers
216
625 Prejudice of pupils
217
strictly linguistic inequality
220
inequality in communication
224
Theoretical summary
228
72 The social functions of language
230
722 Solidarity and accommodation
232
723 Networks and multiple models
234
724 Social types and acts of identity
237
725 Power
240
726 Analogue relationships and variability
241
73 The structure of language
243
732 The history of the isolation of language
244
733 Evidence against the isolation of language
245
734 Two further sources of variability
248
735 Implications for theories of language structure
252
Bibliography
258
Index
271
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Pragmatics
Stephen C. Levinson
Eingeschränkte Leseprobe - 1983
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