Quality and Quantity: The Quest for Biological Regeneration in Twentieth-Century France
Cambridge University Press, 08.08.2002 - 404 Seiten
This book examines in detail how eugenics in early twentieth-century France provided a broad cover for a variety of reform movements that attempted to bring about the biological regeneration of the French population. Like several other societies during this period, France showed a growing interest in natalist, neo-Lamarckian, social hygiene, racist, and other biologically-based movements as a response to the perception that French society was in a state of decline and degeneration. William Schneider's study provides a fascinating account of attempts to apply new discoveries in biology and medicine toward the improvement in the inherited biological quality of the population through such measures as birth control, premarital examinations, sterilization, and immigration restriction. It is the first attempt to set forth the major components of French eugenics both for comparison with other countries and to show the interaction of the various movements that comprised it.
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Degeneration and regeneration
From puericulture to eugenics
The French Eugenics Society up to 1920
Postwar eugenics and social hygiene
The campaign for a premarital examination law
French eugenics in the 1930s
Eugenics race and blood
alcoholism American anthropology Apert biological birthrate blood groups Broca Cahiers campaign Carrel Chapter Charles Richet cited contraception contre countries d'études d'hygiène decline degeneration depopulation doctors Ecole de médecine Eugène Apert eugenic measures eugenic thought eugenicists Eugenics Congress eugenics in France eugenics movement Eugénique example fact française French eugenicists French Eugenics Society genics Georges Georges Schreiber German goal hereditary heredity Hirszfeld human Ibid immigration important Institute International Jews journal Justin Godart Kossovitch Lapouge's legislation Ligue Lucien March marriage Martial médical medicine moral natalist nationale Nazi neo-Lamarckian neo-Malthusians nineteenth century organization Paris Perrier Pinard political postwar premarital examination law prewar problem procreation prophylaxie proposal public health published puericulture question race racial racist result Revue anthropologique Rockefeller Schreiber scientific Sicard de Plauzoles social hygiene movement Société sterilization tion tuberculosis University Press Vacher de Lapouge venereal disease Vichy York