Quality and Quantity: The Quest for Biological Regeneration in Twentieth-Century France

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Cambridge University Press, 08.08.2002 - 404 Seiten
This book examines in detail how eugenics in early twentieth-century France provided a broad cover for a variety of reform movements that attempted to bring about the biological regeneration of the French population. Like several other societies during this period, France showed a growing interest in natalist, neo-Lamarckian, social hygiene, racist, and other biologically-based movements as a response to the perception that French society was in a state of decline and degeneration. William Schneider's study provides a fascinating account of attempts to apply new discoveries in biology and medicine toward the improvement in the inherited biological quality of the population through such measures as birth control, premarital examinations, sterilization, and immigration restriction. It is the first attempt to set forth the major components of French eugenics both for comparison with other countries and to show the interaction of the various movements that comprised it.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
Degeneration and regeneration
11
From puericulture to eugenics
55
The French Eugenics Society up to 1920
84
Postwar eugenics and social hygiene
116
The campaign for a premarital examination law
146
French eugenics in the 1930s
170
Eugenics race and blood
208
Race and immigration
230
Vichy and eugenics
256
Conclusion
283
Notes
293
Selected bibliography
353
Index
383
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