Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright
What can and can't be copied is a matter of law, but also of aesthetics, culture, and economics. The act of copying, and the creation and transaction of rights relating to it, evokes fundamental notions of communication and censorship, of authorship and ownership - of privilege and property. This volume conceives a new history of copyright law that has its roots in a wide range of norms and practices. The essays reach back to the very material world of craftsmanship and mechanical inventions of Renaissance Italy where, in 1469, the German master printer Johannes of Speyer obtained a five-year exclusive privilege to print in Venice and its dominions. Along the intellectual journey that follows, we encounter John Milton who, in his 1644 Areopagitica speech 'For the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing', accuses the English parliament of having been deceived by the 'fraud of some old patentees and monopolizers in the trade of bookselling' (i.e. the London Stationers' Company). Later revisionary essays investigate the regulation of the printing press in the North American colonies as a provincial and somewhat crude version of European precedents, and how, in the revolutionary France of 1789, the subtle balance that the royal decrees had established between the interests of the author, the bookseller, and the public, was shattered by the abolition of the privilege system. Contributions also address the specific evolution of rights associated with the visual and performing arts. These essays provide essential reading for anybody interested in copyright, intellectual history and current public policy choices in intellectual property. The volume is a companion to the digital archive Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC): www.copyrighthistory.org.
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Andrew Law Areopagitica argued artistic property author’s right authorship Berne Convention Bill book trade booksellers Brad Sherman British Brunelleschi Cambridge Cassation colonial copy Copyright Act Copyright Act 1842 copyright formalities copyright history copyright law copyright protection Cour de Cassation Court Court of Cassation Decree developed dramatic droit d’auteur early modern economic edition eighteenth century English engraving example exclusive right French German granted guild Habermas Ibid industry intellectual property interests inventions John Kawohl King’s labour Law’s legal deposit legislation licensing literary and artistic literary property London Lord metaphor Milton monopoly nature Nicolai nineteenth century original painting Paris patent person petition Primary Sources printers printing privileges privilege system production property rights propriété Prussian public domain public sphere published publisher’s regime registration regulation reification reprinting reproduction Royal Scotland Scottish sculpture Society Stationers Statute of Anne statutory Svarez term theory tion University Press Urheberrecht Venetian Venice Voigtländer vols