Principles of Pragmatics
Longman, 1983 - 250 Seiten
Over the years, pragmatics - the study of the use and meaning of utterances to their situations - has become a more and more important branch of linguistics, as the inadequacies of a purely formalist, abstract approach to the study of language have become more evident. This book presents a rhetorical model of pragmatics: that is, a model which studies linguistic communication in terms of communicative goals and principles of 'good communicative behaviour'.
In this respect, Geoffrey Leech argues for a rapprochement between linguistics and the traditional discipline of rhetoric. He does not reject the Chomskvan revolution of linguistics, but rather maintains that the language system in the abstract - i.e. the 'grammar' broadly in Chomsky's sense - must be studied in relation to a fully developed theory of language use. There is therefore a division of labour between grammar and rhetoric, or (in the study of meaning) between semantics and pragmatics.
The book's main focus is thus on the development of a model of pragmatics within an overall functional model of language. In this it builds on the speech avct theory of Austin and Searle, and the theory of conversational implicature of Grice, but at the same time enlarges pragmatics to include politeness, irony, phatic communion, and other social principles of linguistic behaviour.
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A set of postulates
Formalism and functionalism
The interpersonal role of the Cooperative Principle
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action actual already analysis answer appears apply argue argument assertive assume assumption behaviour believes called Chapter claim commissive communication context contrast conversational corresponding defined described descriptive direct discussion distinction effect English event example explain expressive fact follows force function further give given goal grammar hypothesis illocutionary acts illocutionary force illocutionary verbs illocutions implicates implicature important impositive indirect interpretation kinds language less linguistic litotes logical matter Maxim Maxim of Quality means nature negative normally observing occur offer performative perlocutionary person politeness positive pragmatic predicates present Principle promise proposition question reason reference regarded relation relevant represented respect Rhetoric rules scale Searle Searle's semantic sense sentence situation social speaker speech act speech-act verbs strategy suggests syntactic Tact tell theory tion true UNIVERSITY utterance wants
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Keine Leseprobe verfügbar - 1994