Minority Government and Majority Rule
Cambridge University Press, 27.04.1990 - 293 Seiten
Minority governments in parliamentary democracies are conventionally considered to be unstable and ineffective aberrations from the principle of majority rule. Through analysis of over 350 postwar governments, the author shows that minority governments are neither exceptional nor unstable but in fact a common feature of parliamentary democracies and frequently perform as well as, or better than, majority coalitions. Using the Italian and Norwegian governments as case studies, he suggests that minority governments are particularly likely to form when parties anticipate competitive elections and when opposition parties are able to influence legislative decisions. As an attempt to document and explain a very common form of government in parliamentary democracies, this book will contribute significantly to the understanding of the importance of electoral competition in democratic politics.
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The problem of minority government
The rationality of minority government formation
Forming minority governments
Minority governments in office
the politics of cooptation and defection
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agreements alternative analysis assumptions attempts average bargaining basis behavior benefits cabinet type causes Chapter choice committee common competitiveness consider consistent costs countries crisis decisiveness democracy Democrats duration effectiveness elections electoral ernments expect explanation fact formal minority four fractionalization governing parties government formation greater important influence institutions issues Italian Italy Labor least legislative legislature less Liberals majority coalitions majority party MC MC mean measures ments minority cabinets minority government formation minority governments months Norway Norwegian Note opposition parliamentary participation particularly party leaders party system performance period polarization political political parties position possible postwar prefer presented PSDI rational reasons relative remained represent requirements resignation responsible situations Social Socialist Storting strategies studies substantive success Table tend theory variables vote voters
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