Living Languages: Multilingualism Across the Lifespan, Band 1

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008 - 279 Seiten

Globalization is on everyone's tongue, and the discussion is not only limited to economic exchange, but expands to the intermingling of cultural values. To be truly successful in the international arena, whether as an immigrant, student, businessperson, or tourist, openness toward other cultures is vital and the most obvious door to those cultures is through language. Learning a second language is no longer an option for many, it is both a survival tool and an opportunity. This book is an aid to parents, educators, researchers, and individuals who want facts about foreign language learning in order to apply concrete tools to maximize their potential in this area, independent of their age.

This book examines the various factors in successful multilingualism across the lifespan, discussing groups such as those lucky enough to enjoy bilingualism from birth to those who become foreign language learners in adulthood. Special attention is paid to a critique of the academic critical years concept and the question, how long does it take a non-native speaker to become fluent? While many are concerned with bilingualism, millions around the world live with three or more languages. For those considering adding a third language, this book looks at the benefits of bilingualism that transfer to trilingualism. Finally, the book establishes methods for teaching foreign languages and hints for home support that maximize each person's potential for languages.

 

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Inhalt

The Ingredients the Recipes and Your Personal Banquet Why This Book Is for You
1
Who WhyWhenWhere and How Being Multilingual Has Grown in the Past Decade and What This Means for Your Children
15
Chapter 3 Languages across the Lifespan
25
Chapter 4 How Long Does It Take a NonNative Speaker to Become Fluent in a SecondThird or Subsequent Language?
63
Chapter 5 A Special Word about Third Languages
81
Chapter 6 The Brain and Languages
115
How This Information Shows Us How to Reach the Potential of Every Multilingual
141
Chapter 8 Our Story
181
Notes
207
References
223
Index
273
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Über den Autor (2008)

Tracey Tokuhama-Espinosa is Director of the Center for Educational Development in Quito, Ecuador and Professor of Education, at the University of San Francisco de Quito. She is the author of the acclaimed book, Raising Multilingual Children: Foreign Language Acquisition and Children (Bergin and Garvey, 2000) and The Multilingual Mind: Issues Discussed by, for, and about People Living with Many Languages (Praeger, 2003).

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