Language Policy

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Cambridge University Press, 2004 - 250 Seiten
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Language policy is an issue of critical importance in the world today. In this introduction, Bernard Spolsky explores many debates at the forefront of language policy: ideas of correctness and bad language; bilingualism and multilingualism; language death and efforts to preserve endangered languages; language choice as a human and civil right; and language education policy. Through looking at the language practices, beliefs and management of social groups from families to supra-national organizations, he develops a theory of modern national language policy and the major forces controlling it, such as the demands for efficient communication, the pressure for national identity, the attractions of (and resistance to) English as a global language, and the growing concern for human and civil rights as they impinge on language. Two central questions asked in this wide-ranging survey are of how to recognize language policies, and whether or not language can be managed at all.
 

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Inhalt

Language practices ideology and beliefs and management and planning
1
Driving out the bad
16
Pursuing the good and dealing with the new
26
The nature of language policy and its domains
39
Two monolingual polities Iceland and France
57
How English spread
76
Does the US have a language policy or just civil rights?
92
Language rights
113
Monolingual polities under pressure
133
Monolingual polities with recognized linguistic minorities
143
Partitioning language space two three many
161
Resisting language shift
186
Conclusions
217
List of references
224
Index
243
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Über den Autor (2004)

Bernard Spolsky is Emeritus Professor at Bar-Ilan University, Israel, and Senior Associate, the National Foreign Language Center at the University of Maryland.

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