Gobero: The No-return Frontier : Archaeology and Landscape at the Saharo-Sahelian Borderland

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Elena A. A. Garcea
Africa Magna Verlag, 2013 - 293 Seiten
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The Sahara-Sahel borderland occupies a critical geographical position due to its recurrent latitudinal shifts, continually having a strong impact on humans, animals and plants. Gobero is located at the southern limits of the present Sahara, in Niger. The archaeological record at this site encompasses the re-occupation of the Sahara ca 10,000 years ago until approximately 2000 years ago. During this long period, Gobero witnessed significant fluctuations in climate and water resource availability that resulted in cycles of human occupation, abandonment and re-occupation around a natural basin occupied by a palaeolake, until desertification became an irreversible process and the area turned into a no-return frontier for its occupants. This book presents the archaeological, anthropological and environmental data collected during the 2005 and 2006 field seasons at Gobero. Various factors highlight the extraordinary significance of this site. Thanks to its geographical position, straddling the ancient shifting border(s) of the Sahara and the Sahel, the Gobero's archaeological record reveals critical population movements in this part of Africa and different economic and technological strategies its inhabitants employed to adapt to changing environmental conditions. The presence of both settlement and burial features at Gobero gives a comprehensive view of the cultural, social, economic and funerary traditions of the people who lived and died at this site during almost the entire Holocene. The results from these archaeological investigations provide a term of reference for future research and interpretations of past human occupations in the Sahara, as well as North and West Africa.
 

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Inhalt

ElenaA A Garcea
21
Abdoulaye lssaka Maga
32
The Archaeological Mapping of the Gobero Area
38
hristopherM Stojanowski
44
PrePastoral Mortuary Practices
52
Conclusion
62
Carlo Girauai
67
Anna Maria Mercuri Isabella Massamba Nsiala Assunta Florenzano
81
Enzo Cocca Giuseppina Mutri
129
Denticulated and notched blade 2 Denticulated bladelet 341 Truncations 58 Lunates 9 Transversal
144
18a Types of arrowheads from G1
148
PETROLOGIC AND PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE LITHIC MATERIAL
167
Cristina Lemorini Enzo Cocoa
195
ElenaA A Garcea
209
Dorian Fuller
241
Elena A A Garcea
251

aegyptiaea and grasses Photo by I Massamba Nsiala
83
Elisabeth A Hildebrand
105
arlo Girauai Anna Maria Mercuri
114
Elena A A Garcea
271
Urheberrecht

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Über den Autor (2013)

Elena A.A. Garcea is Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Cassino and Southern Latium, Italy. She has been in charge of archaeological research projects in Sudan, Libya and Niger. She is author of Cultural Dynamics in the Saharo-Sudanese Prehistory (1993), Uan Tabu in the Settlement History of the Libyan Sahara (2001), and South-Eastern Mediterranean Peoples between 130,000 and 10,000 Years Ago (2010).

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