General Economic History

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Transaction Publishers, 01.01.1981 - 401 Seiten
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In General Economic History Max Weber focuses on the industrial enterprise for the provision of everyday wants, oriented toward profitability by means of rational capital accounting, as the institutional foundation of modern Western capitalism. This type of enterprise integrates into one institutional complex a constellation of six factors, including: formally free labor; free market trade; appropriation of the physical means of production; rational commercial practices; rational production of technology; and calculable law adjudicated and administered by the state. General Economic History traces the historical development of each of these factors from their informal rational points of origin through the feudal era to their emergence as formal rational elements in the modern capitalist industrial enterprise. The chapters on the history of modern citizenship and the modern rational state are of special significance as otherwise unavailable resources for an integrated view of Weber's work.

The new introduction by Ira J. Cohen is an original scholarly work of interest to all who study Max Weber's conception of modern Western capitalism.Theessay situates the institutional and cultural aspects of Weber's view of modern capitalism in the context of his overall vision of the emergence of formal rationality in the Western world. Both aspects of modern capitalism are shown to be defined by economic formal rationality, a type of orientation which is distinct from the legal formal rationality characteristic of Weber's conception of modern bureaucracy.

 

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Inhalt

THE AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION AND THE PROBLEM OF AGRARIAN COMMUNISM
3
PROPERTY SYSTEMS AND SOCIAL GROUPS
26
B The House Community and the Clan
28
C The Evolution of the Family as Conditioned by Economic and nonEconomic Factors
37
D The Evolution of the Clan
43
E Evolution of the House Community
46
THE ORIGIN OF SEIGNIORIAL PROPRIETORSHIP
51
THE MANOR
65
B The Resident Trader
215
C The Trade of the Fairs
220
FORMS OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE
223
MERCANTILE GUILDS
230
MONEY AND MONETARY HISTORY
236
BANKING AND DEALINGS IN MONEY IN THE PRECAPITALISTIC AGE
254
INTERESTS IN THE PRECAPITALISTIC PERIOD
267
THE MEANING AND PRESUPPOSITIONS OF MODERN CAPITALISM
275

THE POSITION OF THE PEASANTS IN VARIOUS WESTERN COUNTRIES BEFORE THE ENTRANCE OF CAPITALISM
74
CAPITALISTIC DEVELOPMENT OP THE MANOR
79
B Estate Economy
84
C The Dissolution of the Manorial System
92
PRINCIPAL FORMS OF THE ECONOMIC ORGANIZATION OF INDUSTRY
115
STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OP INDUSTRY AND MINING
122
THE CRAFT GUILDS
136
THE ORIGIN OP THE EUROPEAN GUILDS
144
DISINTEGRATION OP THE GUILDS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE DOMESTIC SYSTEM
153
SHOP PRODUCTION THE FACTORY AND ITS FORERUNNERS
162
MINING PRIOR TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN CAPITALISM
178
POINTS OF DEPARTURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCE
195
TECHNICAL REQUISITES FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS
199
FORMS OF ORGANIZATION OF TRANSPORTATION AND OF COMMERCE
202
THE EXTERNAL FACTS IN THE EVOLUTION OF CAPITALISM
279
THE FIRST GREAT SPECULATIVE CRISES
286
FREE WHOLESALE TRADE
292
COLONIAL POLICY PROM THE SIXTEENTH TO THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
298
THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNIQUE
302
CITIZENSHIP
315
THE RATIONAL STATE
338
B The Economic Policy of the Rational State
343
C Mercantilism
347
THE EVOLUTION OP THE CAPITALISTIC SPIRIT
352
NOTES
371
INDEX OF NAMES
383
SUBJECT INDEX
385
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