From the American System to Mass Production, 1800-1932: The Development of Manufacturing Technology in the United States

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JHU Press, 1984 - 411 Seiten

David A. Houndshell's widely acclaimed history explores the American "genius for mass production" and races its origins in the nineteenth-century "American system" of manufacture.

Previous writers on the American system have argued that the technical problems of mass production had been solved by armsmakers before the Civil War. Drawing upon the extensive business and manufacturing records if leading American firms, Hounshell demonstrates that the diffusion of arms production technology was neither as fast now as smooth as had been assumed. Exploring the manufacture of sewing machines and furniture, bicycles and reapers, he shows that both the expression "mass production" and the technology that lay behind it were developments of the twentieth century, attributable in large part to the Ford Motor Company.

Hounshell examines the importance of individuals in the diffusion and development of production technology and the central place of marketing strategy in the success of selected American manufacturers. Whereaas Ford was the seedbed of the assembly line revolution, it was General motors that initiated a new era with its introduction of the annual model change. With the new marketing strategy, the technology of "the changeover" became of paramount importance. Hounshell chronicles how painfully Ford learned this lesson and recounts how the successful mass production of automobiles led to the establishment of an "ethos of mass production," to an era in which propoments of "Fordism" argued that mass production would solve all of America's social problems.

 

Inhalt

Introduction
1
0
2
The American System of Manufactures in
15
1
16
LondonMade Colt Revolver
22
4
29
5
35
95
43
1
157
45
197
1896
207
The Ford Motor Company and the Rise of Mass
217
8
219
3
225
Assembly Line Highland Park
255
The Limits of Fordism and the Coming
263

Howes Pinmaking Machine
52
Movement 1839
59
The Sewing Machine and the American System
67
1
69
Patent Model Singer Sewing Machine
83
1865
94
Machine
108
American Woodworking Machinery
126
5
133
9
140
The McCormick Reaper Works and American
153
1
268
4
282
The Ethos of Mass Production and Its Critics
303
Henry Ford and William J Cameron
304
Ford Soybean Processing Plant River
310
The Evolution of the Expression The American
331
Singer Sewing Machine Artifactual Analysis
339
Notes
345
Bibliography
385
Index
399
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Autoren-Profil (1984)

David A. Hounshell teaches history at the University of Delaware and is curator of technology at the Hagley Museum in Wilmington.

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