Deliberative Politics in Action: Analyzing Parliamentary Discourse
Cambridge University Press, 2004 - 199 Seiten
'Deliberative politics' refers to the role of conversation and arguments in politics. Until recently discussion of deliberative politics took place almost exclusively among political philosophers, but many questions raised in this philosophical discussion cry out for empirical investigation. This book provides the first extended empirical study of deliberative politics, addressing, in particular, questions of the preconditions and consequences of high level deliberation. Using parliamentary debates in Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States as an empirical base, the authors measure the level of deliberation by constructing a 'Discourse Quality Index'. As deliberative politics moves to the forefront of political theory, this book makes an important contribution to deliberative democracy.
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Introduction The research questions
2 The philosophical literature on deliberative politics
a Discourse Quality Index
hypotheses about antecedents and consequences
institutions and issues
6 Discourse and its Consequences
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abortion debate actors agreement analysis ANOVA argued aspect Bundestag chapter citizens coders competitive systems compromise Consensus appeal consensus democracies consensus systems consider consociational theory consociationalism constructive politics content of justification context counterarguments critical debate deliberative democracy deliberative model deliberative politics deliberative theorists demands demands/counterarguments democratic difference principle dimension discourse ethics discourse quality Discourse Quality Index discussed Dryzek egalitarian empirical example Federal Council Federal Diet German grand coalition groups high-quality discourse hypothesis ideal type important indicators institutional interests legislators legislatures level of discourse level of justification Lijphart logistic regression majority mean):b measure mediating proposals negative statements non-public arenas norms one’s overall respect parliamentary systems participants party cohesion percent philosophical polarized issues political discourse political outcomes positional politics presidential presidential systems reliability second chambers Sophisticated justification speech acts spirit of accommodation statistically significant strong veto Swiss Switzerland tion variables veto players veto points veto power vote outcomes