Bonded Labor: Tackling the System of Slavery in South Asia

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Columbia University Press, 30.10.2012 - 320 Seiten
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Siddharth Kara’s Sex Trafficking has become a critical resource for its revelations into an unconscionable business, and its detailed analysis of the trade’s immense economic benefits and human cost. This volume is Kara’s second, explosive study of slavery, this time focusing on the deeply entrenched and wholly unjust system of bonded labor. Drawing on eleven years of research in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, Kara delves into an ancient and ever-evolving mode of slavery that ensnares roughly six out of every ten slaves in the world and generates profits that exceeded $17.6 billion in 2011. In addition to providing a thorough economic, historical, and legal overview of bonded labor, Kara travels to the far reaches of South Asia, from cyclone-wracked southwestern Bangladesh to the Thar desert on the India-Pakistan border, to uncover the brutish realities of such industries as hand-woven-carpet making, tea and rice farming, construction, brick manufacture, and frozen-shrimp production. He describes the violent enslavement of millions of impoverished men, women, and children who toil in the production of numerous products at minimal cost to the global market. He also follows supply chains directly to Western consumers, vividly connecting regional bonded labor practices to the appetites of the world. Kara’s pioneering analysis encompasses human trafficking, child labor, and global security, and he concludes with specific initiatives to eliminate the system of bonded labor from South Asia once and for all.
 

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Inhalt

An Overview
1
Kamaiya and Hari
49
3 Bricks and Bidis
78
4 Shrimp and Tea
104
5 Construction and Stone Breaking
132
6 Carpets and Other Sectors
158
7 Bonded Labor and the Law
185
8 Tackling Bonded Labor
208
Select Bonded Labor Economics
247
Select Bonded Labor Supply Chains
257
Bonded Labor as Defined by Indias Bonded Labour System Abolition Act 1976
261
Bonded Labor Law and Cases Pakistan Nepal Bangladesh India
265
Select Economic and Human Development Statistics
271
Notes
273
Works Cited
293
Index
299

Global Slavery Metrics 2011
235

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Über den Autor (2012)

Siddharth Kara is one of the world’s foremost experts on human trafficking and contemporary slavery. He holds positions on human trafficking at two centers at Harvard University, the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Kennedy School of Government and the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights. Kara speaks and consults extensively on contemporary slavery worldwide and advises several governments on antislavery policy and law. His first book, Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery, received Yale University’s prestigious Frederick Douglass Book Prize.

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