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according Africa Amazons ancient animals appear arborescent Asia Asie Centrale Atahuallpa Atlas atmosphere banks barometric belong called Calluna century chain Chili Chimborazo climate coast Coniferae Continent coral Cordilleras crater cultivated declivity Desert earth east eastern elevation English feet entire eruption Europe European expedition Fahr families flowers forest French geographical miles globe grasses ground Guiana heat height Himalaya Huayna Capac Humboldt Inca Indian Infusoria inhabitants interior islands Joseph Hooker Lake latitude Leguminosae Llanos longitude masses measurements Mexico mountains natives nature northern number of species observations ocean organic Orinoco Pacific palms Paramo Parime Peru phaenogamous plants phenomena physiognomy Pinus plains present Quito Reaumur regions remarkable rise river Robert Schomburgk rocks Rocky Schomburgk shores South America Southern Hemisphere Steppes summits surface temperate zone temperature tion toises trachyte traveller trees tropical valley vegetation volcano Voyage western wild
Seite 62 - Journal of Researches into the Geology and Natural History of the Countries visited during the Voyage of HMS 'Beagle
Seite 230 - The carpet of flowers and of verdure spread over the naked crust of our planet is unequally woven ; it is thicker where the sun rises high in the ever-cloudless heavens, and thinner towards the poles, in the less happy climes where returning frosts often destroy the opening buds of spring, or the ripening fruits of autumn. Everywhere, however, man finds some plants to minister to his support and enjoyment.
Seite 234 - Italian sky," &c., rests on a partial perception of this local character in the aspect of nature. The azure of the sky, the lights and shadows, the haze resting on the distance, the forms of animals, the succulency of the plants and herbage, the brightness of the foliage, the outline of the mountains, are all elements which determine the total impression characteristic of each district or region.
Seite 247 - Even butterflies are found at sea at great distances from the coast, being carried there by the force of the wind when storms come off the land. In the same involuntary manner insects are transported into the upper regions of the atmosphere, 16,000 or 19,000 feet above the plains. The heated crust of the earth occasions an ascending vertical current of air, by which light bodies are borne upwards.
Seite 36 - ... soil, brings with it no refreshment, but rather a still more burning glow. The pools which the yellow, fading branches of the fan-palm had protected from evaporation, now gradually disappear. As in the icy north, the animals become torpid with cold, so here, under the influence of the parching drought, the crocodile and the boa become motionless and fall asleep, deeply buried in the dry mud.
Seite 36 - The lowering sky sheds a dim, almost straw-colored light on the desolate plain. The horizon draws suddenly nearer, the steppe seems to contract, and with it the heart of the wanderer. The hot, dusty particles which fill the air increase its suffocating heat, and the east wind, blowing over the long-heated soil, brings with it no refreshment, but rather a still more burning glow.
Seite 246 - ... latitudes — to behold also those vegetable forms which, demanding a cooler temperature, would seem to belong to other zones. Elevation above the level of the sea gives this cooler temperature even in the hottest parts of the earth; and Cypresses, Pines, Oaks, Berberries and Alders, (nearly allied to our own) cover the mountainous districts and elevated plains of Southern Mexico and the chain of the Andes at the Equator.
Seite 212 - Indians why such a continuous noise is heard on certain nights, they answer, with a smile, that " the animals are rejoicing in the beautiful moonlight, and celebrating the return of the full moon.
Seite 229 - Eichardson saw the ground, which continues frozen throughout the summer at a depth of twenty inches, covered with flowering plants. We do not yet know where life is most abundant, — whether on continents or in the unfathomed depths of the ocean. Through the excellent work of Ehrenberg, " Uber das Verhalten des kleinsten Lebens...