A Reference Grammar of Mandarin Chinese for English Speakers
P. Lang, 1984 - 291 Seiten
This reference grammar provides a description of Mandarin Chinese in familiar terms and enables the English-speaking reader to transfer his/her knowledge of English to the study of Chinese. Many of the unique features of the language are treated through a comparison with semantically corresponding, though syntactically different, features in English.
Aside from the conventional types of sentences, special constructions are amply explained and illustrated for the reader. Understanding the specific meaning of each of these constructions is one of the central themes of the grammar.
This book contains a number of original analyses, such as that of the -shi---de- construction and the notion of continuum for the indiscrete nature of linguistic structure, which should serve as a valuable reference source for both the language teacher and the profession of Chinese linguistics."
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Complex and Compound Sentences
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acceptable action verb adverb agent aspect marker assumption basic become better child Chinese clause clear compound conjunctions construction context corresponding coverb definite deleted direct discussed door dõu ending English event example expressed fact front function give given grammatical hand happened he/she illustrated indefinite indicate interpretation involves jiù kàn lái language main verb Mandarin manner marker matter meaning méi movie nature negation negative Note noun object occur particle past patient perfective person phrase position potential preceding predicate preposition present problem pronoun question reason relation relative clause represented result scope seems semantic sentence serves shū speaker specific statement structure syntactic talk term thing this-M topic translated treated usually verb complement Women word yesterday zài zuò