Becoming Good Democrats and Wives: Civic Education and Female Socialization on the Parthenon Frieze
LIT Verlag Münster, 2011 - 179 Seiten
In this study, the analysis of the Parthenon frieze is based on the assumption that the pictorial narrative scenes of the Classical period were conceived with the intention of exemplifying comprehensive patterns of action which were related to ethical values and social status. In this way, it can be shown that - on the west, north, and south side of the frieze - the pictorial narration in several "chapters" demonstrates how the young male Athenians become qualified members of the citizenry, through a multi-stage process of civic education carried out by the democratic polis. The stages of female socialization are visualized on the east side, the goal being the status and responsibilities of a married woman who raises and educates her offspring in an Athenian oikos, as represented in the central scene of the east frieze. The messages of the other Parthenon sculptures, as well as of the colossal statue of Athena in the center of this sacred building, are closely related to this frame of reference. One could claim that the pictorial narrative of the Parthenon frieze is the first comprehensive discourse on democracy. (Series: Hephaistos. Kritische Zeitschrift zu Theorie und Praxis der Archaologie und angrenzender Gebiete)
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² IWHU 5th century according Acropolis Museum ÀJXUHV ancient beholder Aphrodite apobatai apobates apobates contest Archaic arete Athe Athenian citizens Athenian democracy Athenian oikos Athens ÀUVW bearded BERGER AND GISLER-HUWILER British Museum BROMMER cavalcades cavalry central scene chariot context deities democratic Athens demos depicted divine assembly east frieze FEHR female ﬁgures GISLER-HUWILER 1996 goddess Greek Hephaistos Hera Heracles Hesiod himation HIMMELMANN HÖLSCHER hoplite horse horse’s horsemen HURWIT idem Iliad interpretation IULH]H LIMC London LQ WKH male metopes Museo NEILS nian nomoi oikos Olympian one’s Parthenon frieze patterns of action pedestrian procession pediment Pericles philia polis political Protagoras Red-ﬁgure cup regard represented RI WKH riders RQGRQ ULWLVK schema schemata sculptures side slab social sophrosyne south frieze statue thenon Thucydides tion traditional vase paintings viewer visual VSHFLÀF WESENBERG 1995 west frieze WKDW WKLV women Xenophon young youth Zeus