A Grammar Of Old Turkic

Frontcover
BRILL, 01.01.2004 - 575 Seiten
1 Rezension
Old Turkic is the earliest, directly attested Turkic language. This original work describes the grammar of Old Turkic. The language is documented in inscriptions in the 'runic' script in Mongolia and the Yenisey basin, from the seventh to the tenth century; in Uygur manuscripts from Chinese Turkestan in Uygur, and in runic and other scripts (comprising religious - mostly Buddhist -, legal, literary, medical, folkloric, astrological and personal material), from the ninth to the thirteenth century; and in eleventh-century Qarakhanid texts, mostly in Arabic writing. All aspects of Old Turkic are dealt with: phonology, subphonemic phenomena and morphophonology, and the way these are reflected in the various scripts, derivational and inflectional morphology, grammatical categories, word classes, syntax, textual and extra-textual reference and other means of coherence, lexical fields, discourse types, phraseology as well as stylistic, dialect and diachronic variation.
  

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Inhalt

I INTRODUCTION
1
12 The Old Turkic corpus and its parts
6
132 The Lexicon
23
133 Grammar
24
134 Dialectology and language change
33
II GRAPHEMICS SPELLING PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOPHONOLOGY
37
22 The vowels
45
221 Vowel length
46
328 The nonfinite verb
278
3281 The infinitive
279
3282 Imperfect participles
282
3283 Perfect participles
293
3284 Projection participles
301
3285 The prospective
308
3287 The conditional
320
329 The copula
322

222 The vowel e
50
223 The vowel ï
52
224 The archphoneme X
59
23 The consonants
62
231 The labials
63
232 The alveolars
67
233 The palatals
70
234 The velars and h
75
235 The sibilants
83
236 The liquids
84
24 Phonotactics and phonetic processes
86
2402 Vowel assimilation by consonants
91
2403 Syncopation and stress
96
2404 Consonant distribution
99
2405 Consonant clusters and their resolution
105
2406 Metathesis
113
2407 Parasitical consonants
114
2408 Consonant assimilation
115
2409 The appearance of voiced stop allophones
117
241 Onset devoicing
121
2411 Changes affecting g
122
2412 Haplology
124
2413 Word fusion
125
25 Morphophonology
127
252 Borrowed stems
133
III MORPHOLOGY
137
301 Suffix ordering
138
302 Bracketing
140
304 Parts of speech
141
31 Nominals
142
3111 Denominal derivation of nominals
145
3112 Intensification of adjectives and adverbs
150
3113 Deverbal derivation of nominals
151
312 Nominal inflexional morphology
156
3121 Number
158
3122 Possession
160
3123 Antonymy and parallelism
166
3124 Case
167
3125 Possesssion + case
182
3126 The converter +kl
186
313 Pronouns
190
3131 Personal pronouns
192
3132 Demonstratives
199
3133 Reflexives
208
3134 Interrogativeindefinites
210
314 Numerals and quantification
220
32 Verbs
227
3212 Deverbal verb formation
228
323 Finite verb forms
232
3231 The volitional paradigm
234
3232 Forms expressing anteriority
237
3233 The aorist
240
3234 Future verb forms
242
324 The analytical verb
244
325 Types of action
246
3251 Actionality
248
3252 Intention
257
3253 Ability and possibility
258
3254 Version
260
326 Aspect and tense
262
327 Status and epistemic modality
272
33 Adjuncts
326
331 Adverbs
330
332 Postpositions
331
333 Conjunctions
336
334 Particles
342
3342 Connective or adversative particles
346
3343 Epistemical particles
349
3344 Volitive particles
350
34 Interjections
351
IV SYNTAX
357
41 Nominal phrases and their categories
359
411 Case functions
360
41102 The genitive
365
41103 The accusative
366
41105 The directive
370
41106 The locative
371
41107 The directivelocative partitivelocative
373
41108 The ablative
374
41109 The equative
376
41110 The instrumental
378
41111 The comitative
379
41112 The similative
380
4121 Nominal phrases with possessive satellite
381
4122 Nominal phrases with descriptive satellite
383
4123 Nominal phrases with deictic satellite
388
42 Adjunct phrases
390
421 Postposition constructions
393
422 Relational noun constructions
406
423 Supine constructions
409
43 Sentence patterns
411
431 Nominal sentence patterns
412
432 Verbal sentence patterns
419
44 The organization of information in the sentence
422
45 The structure of the participant group
432
46 Clause subordination
435
4611 Synthetical relative clauses
438
4612 Analytical relative clauses
443
462 Complement clauses
448
4621 Subject clauses
449
4622 Object clauses
451
463 Clauses as adjuncts
456
4631 Clauses with contextual converbs
458
4632 Comparative clauses
467
4633 Temporal clauses
471
4634 Local clauses
483
4636 Final clauses
488
4637 Consecutive clauses
493
464 Conditional and concessive sentences
494
465 Correlative relativisation
499
47 Direct speech
504
48 Coordination and text syntax
507
V PRAGMATICS AND MODALITY
515
51 The communication of speakers volition
520
52 The communication of impersonal necessity
525
53 The reflexion of social structure
528
VI NOTES ON THE LEXICON
531
TITLE ABBREVIATIONS AND REFERENCES
537
BIBLIOGRAPHY
539
INDEX OF TERMS AND NOTIONS
555
INDEX OF OLD TURKIC ELEMENTS
563
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Seite 553 - Four notes on several names for weights and measures in Uighur documents.

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Über den Autor (2004)

Marcel Erdal, Ph.D. (1976) in Old Turkic at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, was Lecturer, Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor for Turcology and Linguistics at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He is Professor for Turcology at the University of Frankfurt since 1993.