The Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, 1100-1300

Frontcover
University of Pennsylvania Press, 03.10.2007 - 415 Seiten
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Theodore Evergates provides the first systematic analysis of the aristocracy in the county of Champagne under the independent counts. He argues that three factors—the rise of the comital state, fiefholding, and the conjugal family—were critical to shaping a loose assortment of baronial and knightly families into an aristocracy with shared customs, institutions, and identity. Evergates mines the rich, varied, and in some respects unique collection of source materials from Champagne to provide a dynamic picture of a medieval aristocracy and its evolving symbiotic relationship with the counts.

Count Henry the Liberal (1152-81) began the process of transforming a quasi-independent baronage accustomed to collegial governance into an elite of landholding families subordinate to the count and his officials. By the time Countess Jeanne married the future King Philip IV of France in 1284, the fiefholding families of Champagne had become a distinct provincial nobility. Throughout, it was the conjugal community, rather than primogeniture or patrilineage, that remained the core familial institution determining the customs regarding community property, dowry, dower, and partible inheritance. Those customs guaranteed that every lineage would survive, but frequently through a younger son or daughter. The life courses of women and men, influenced not only by social norms but also by individual choice and circumstance, were equally unpredictable. Evergates concludes that imposed models of "the aristocratic family" fail to capture the diversity of individual lives and lineages within one of the more vibrant principalities of medieval France.

  

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Review: The Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, 1100-1300

Nutzerbericht  - Blake Lindsey - Goodreads

I bought this book looking for more information on the Champagne War of Succession and the events surrounding Louis IX's minority in 1229-1233. While I was only able to extract a few bits of ... Vollständige Rezension lesen

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Inhalt

Forming the County and a Regional Aristocracy
5
Champagne Before the County 10931152
6
Creating a Principality 115298
15
A New Symbiosis
26
Governing the Principality and Its Aristocracy
32
A Landed Aristocracy in 1250
50
From County to Royal Province 125385
55
The Circulation of Fiefs
63
Names
133
The Aristocratic Life Course
140
The Life Course of Women
141
The Life Course of Men
152
Aristocratic Lineages Case Studies
167
Single Castle Lineages
168
Multiple Castle Lineages
173
Segmentary Lineages
178

The Creation of Fiefs
64
The Market in Fiefs
68
Amortizations
76
The Aristocratic Family
82
Primogeniture Patrilineage Patrimony
83
The Conjugal Family
88
The Marriage Contract
101
The Dowry
103
The Dower
107
Divorce
115
Inheritance and Succession
119
Partible Inheritance
120
Lineage Failure
123
Succession
125
New Castle Lineages
182
Lineages Without Castles
185
A Medieval Aristocracy
190
The Ordinance of 1224
197
The Registers of Fiefs and Homages
199
Quantitative Tables
205
Prosopographical Register
212
Genealogies
247
Abbreviations
265
Notes
267
Bibliography
379
Index
405
Acknowledgments
417
Urheberrecht

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Women, Gender and Lordship in France, c .1050–1250
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Über den Autor (2007)

Theodore Evergates is Professor of History at McDaniel College. He is the editor of Feudal Society in Medieval France: Documents from the County of Champagne and Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, both also published by the University of Pennsylvania Press.

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