Hearing History: A Reader

Frontcover
Mark Michael Smith
University of Georgia Press, 2004 - 413 Seiten
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Hearing History is a long-needed introduction to the basic tenets of what is variously termed historical acoustemology, auditory culture, or aural history. Gathering twenty-one of the field’s most important writings, this volume will deepen and broaden our understanding of changing perceptions of sound and hearing and the ongoing education of our senses. The essays stimulate thinking on key questions: What is aural history? Why has vision tended to triumph over hearing in historical accounts? How might we begin to reclaim the sounds of the past?

With theoretical and practical essays on the history of sound and hearing in Europe and the United States, the book draws on historical approaches ranging from empiricism to postmodernism. Some essays show the historian of technology at work, others highlight how military, social, intellectual, and cultural historians have tackled historical acoustemologies. Investigating soundscapes that include a Puritan meetinghouse in colonial New England, the belfries of a French village at the close of the Old Regime, the court hall of Elizabeth I, and a Civil War battlefield, the essays vary just as widely in their topics, which include noise as a marker of social and cultural differences, the privileging of music as the sound of art, the persistence of Aristotelian ideas of sound into the seventeenth century, developments in sound related to medical practice, the advent of sound-recording technology, and noise pollution.

This important new anthology will help us to contextualize the past within the larger rubric of all of the senses and thus free mainstream historical writing from the powerful but blinding focus on vision alone.

  

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Inhalt

Soundscapes and Earwitnesses R Murray Schafer
3
Listening Jacques Attali
10
Breaking the Sound Barrier Peter Bailey
23
Art and Sound Douglas Kahn
36
On Noise Hillel Schwartz
51
Sound and the Self Steven Connor
54
Sounds European
67
Perceiving Sound in the Middle Ages Charles Burnett
69
Identity Bells and the NineteenthCentury French Village Alain Corbin
184
Acoustics and Social Order in Early America Richard Cull en Rath
207
Sound Christians and Religious Hearing in Enlightenment
221
Listening to Southern Slavery Shane White and Graham White
247
Sight Sound and Tactics in the American Civil War Charles D Ross
267
Recording Sound Recording Race Recording Property Lisa Gitelman
279
Preserving Sound in Modern America Jonathan Sterne
295
American Noise 19001930 Raymond W Smilor
319

The Soundscapes of Early Modern England Bruce R Smith
85
Hearing Renaissance England D R Woolf
112
English Theories of Hearing in the Seventeenth Century Penelope Gouk
136
Having the Doctors Ear in NineteenthCentury Edinburgh Malcolm Nicolson
151
Listening and Silence in Eighteenth and NineteenthCentury France James H Johnson
169
Shaping the Sound of Modernity Emily Thompson
331
Coda Talking Sound History Mark M Smith Mitchell Snay and Bruce R Smith
365
Further Reading
405
Index
411
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Über den Autor (2004)

Mark M. Smith is a professor of history at the University of South Carolina in Columbia. His books include Listening to Nineteenth-Century America.

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