Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought

Basic Books, 1999 - 624 Seiten
31 Rezensionen
What are human beings like? How is knowledge possible? What is truth? Where do moral values come from? Questions like these have stood at the center of Western philosophy for centuries. In addressing them, philosophers have made certain fundamental assumptions—that we can know our own minds by introspection, that most of our thinking about the world is literal, and that reason is disembodied and universal—that are now called into question by well-established results of cognitive science. It has been shown empirically that:Most thought is unconscious. We have no direct conscious access to the mechanisms of thought and language. Our ideas go by too quickly and at too deep a level for us to observe them in any simple way.Abstract concepts are mostly metaphorical. Much of the subject matter of philosopy, such as the nature of time, morality, causation, the mind, and the self, relies heavily on basic metaphors derived from bodily experience. What is literal in our reasoning about such concepts is minimal and conceptually impoverished. All the richness comes from metaphor. For instance, we have two mutually incompatible metaphors for time, both of which represent it as movement through space: in one it is a flow past us and in the other a spatial dimension we move along.Mind is embodied. Thought requires a body—not in the trivial sense that you need a physical brain to think with, but in the profound sense that the very structure of our thoughts comes from the nature of the body. Nearly all of our unconscious metaphors are based on common bodily experiences.Most of the central themes of the Western philosophical tradition are called into question by these findings. The Cartesian person, with a mind wholly separate from the body, does not exist. The Kantian person, capable of moral action according to the dictates of a universal reason, does not exist. The phenomenological person, capable of knowing his or her mind entirely through introspection alone, does not exist. The utilitarian person, the Chomskian person, the poststructuralist person, the computational person, and the person defined by analytic philosopy all do not exist.Then what does?Lakoff and Johnson show that a philosopy responsible to the science of mind offers radically new and detailed understandings of what a person is. After first describing the philosophical stance that must follow from taking cognitive science seriously, they re-examine the basic concepts of the mind, time, causation, morality, and the self: then they rethink a host of philosophical traditions, from the classical Greeks through Kantian morality through modern analytic philosopy. They reveal the metaphorical structure underlying each mode of thought and show how the metaphysics of each theory flows from its metaphors. Finally, they take on two major issues of twentieth-century philosopy: how we conceive rationality, and how we conceive language.Philosopy in the Flesh reveals a radically new understanding of what it means to be human and calls for a thorough rethinking of the Western philosophical tradition. This is philosopy as it has never been seen before.

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Review: Philosophy in the Flesh

Nutzerbericht  - Vladimir - Goodreads

The book contains several interesting ideas worth exploring (spatial metaphors and time, for example) but literally everything else can be derived from more sophisticated thinkers such as Dewey, James ... Vollständige Rezension lesen

Review: Philosophy in the Flesh

Nutzerbericht  - Mentat - Goodreads

a very important book that was a mind opener for many traditional semanticists who still clung to truth-conditional semantics. Introduces cognitive semantics that deals primarily with categorization and prototypes. Vollständige Rezension lesen

Ähnliche Bücher


Introduction Who Are We?
The Cognitive Unconscious
The Embodied Mind
Primary Metaphor and Subjective Experience
The Anatomy of Complex Metaphor
Embodied Realism Cognitive Science Versus A Priori Philosophy
Realism and Truth
Metaphor and Truth
The Cognitive Science of Philosophy
The PreSocratics the Cognitive Science of Early Greek Metaphysics
Descartes and the Enlightenment Mind
Kantian Morality
Analytic Philosophy
Chomskys Philosophy and Cognitive Linguistics

The Cognitive Science of Philosophical Ideas
Events and Causes
The Mind
The Self
The Theory of Rational Action
How Philosophical Theories Work
Philosophy in the Flesh
The Neural Theory of Language Paradigm

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The Reality Club: Philosophy in the Flesh
Marc D. Hauser, Sandra Blakeslee, Stanislas Dehaene, Margaret Wertheim, and Arnold Trehub on George Lakoff's Philosophy in the Flesh. Lakoff responds. ... discourse/ lakoff.html

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Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to ...
Recent findings of cognitive science that are shattering long-held assumptions about man's ability to reason and contemplate. This pathbreaking volume by ... library/ book/ philosophy-in-the-flesh-the-embodied-mind-and-its-challenge-to-western-thought-by-mark-...

Philosophy in the Flesh
By GEORGE LAKOFF and MARK JOHNSON Basic Books. Read the Review. Introduction: Who Are We? How Cognitive Science Reopens Central Philosophical Questions ... books/ first/ l/ lakoff-philosophy.html

Glossary for Lakoff and Johnson, Philosophy in the Flesh
These terms have just been alphabetized for your convenience. Several terms important in Parts II and III have been added recently. ... ~jan.garrett/ 401s07/ glosspif.htm

Steen: Grasping Philosophy by the Roots
Critical Discussions. Grasping Philosophy by the Roots. Francis F. Steen. Philosophy and Literature 24. 1 (2000): 197-203. © Johns Hopkins University Press. ... CogSci/ SteenOnLakoff_Johnson.html

JSTOR: Philosophy in the Flesh
Philosophy in the Flesh. Joseph Ulric Neisser. Language, Vol. 77, No. 1, 166-168. Mar., 2001. Philosophy in the flesh. By GEORGE LAKOFF and MARK JOHNSON. ... sici?sici=0097-8507(200103)77%3A1%3C166%3APITF%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1

Lakoff & Johnson 1999: Philosophy In The Flesh: The Embodied Mind ...
(1999) Philosophy In The Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought. Basic Books. Author of the Summary: George Lakoff, 1999, ... ~jimmyd/ summaries/ lakoff1999.html

Steven Fesmire - Philosophy Disrobed: Lakoff and Johnson's Call ...
Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and its Challenge to Western Thought. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1999. ... journals/ journal_of_speculative_philosophy/ v014/ 14.4fesmire.html

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Über den Autor (1999)

George Lakoff is professor of linguistics at the University of California at Berkeley, and the coauthor, with Mark Johnson, of Metaphors We Live By. He was one of the founders of the generative semantics movements in linguistics in the 1960s, a founder of the field of cognitive linguistics in the 1970s, and one of the developers of the neural theory of language in the 1980s and '90s. His other books include More Than Cool Reason (with Mark Turner), Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things, and Moral Politics. Mark Johnson is professor and head of the Philosophy Department at the University of Oregon and is on the executive committee of the Institute of Cognitive and Decision Sciences there. In addition to his books with George Lakoff, he is the editor of an anthology, Philosophical Perspectives on Metaphor.

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