The Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory: Alexandre Brongniart and the Triumph of Art and Industry, 1800-1847
The tumultuous years of the French Revolution left France’s prestigious decorative arts industries poised on the brink of ruin. It was not until after the fall of the monarchy and the ascendancy of the Consulat and Empire under Napoleon that they began to recover so that by the middle of the nineteenth century they stood at the pinnacle of their achievement. This book is the first in depth study of the renowned porcelain works at Sèvres during its virtual rebirth under the 47 year direction of the scientist, teacher, and administrator Alexandre Brongniart. Some 110 working drawings from the Sèvres Archive are reproduced here for the first time in color. They celebrate the high skill of the artists whose work often documented contemporary events in France. There are table services in the 'Egyptian' and 'Etruscan' taste as well as individual pieces that recall Napoleonic military campaigns. There are also exquisite Neoclassical decorations using motifs such as birds, butterflies, and insects that reflect the century’s early fascination with the natural sciences. The repertoire of nineteenth century eclecticism is evident in the output of Sèvres from the revival of Gothic and renaissance motifs to the outburst of naturalism. Eleven essays by leading authorities assess this dynamic period.
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France Berween the Revolutions 17891848
Brongniart as Administrator
Bongniart as Technician
Brongniart and the Art of Ceramics
The Nature and Goals of Production at the Sevres Manufactory
The StainedGlass and PaintingonGlass Wotkshop at Sevres
Sculpture at Sevres During the Brongniart Administration
The Significance of the Musee Ceramique at Sevres 123
ro Two Controversial Decisions by Alexandre Brongniart 149
The Enquere des Prefers 18051810 157
Catalogue of the Exhibition
Alexandre Brongniart April Archives artists arts August Bard Graduate Center biscuit blue ground Brongnian bronze Canon Pb Carton Pb century ceramic arts ceramics Charles Charles Percier Chateau Chenavard collection composition coupe cup and saucer decoration dejeuner delivered dessin Develly dossier drawing earthenware enamel entered the sales Etrusque example executed factory figures firing Fragonard francs French frieze gilded glass glaze gold gouache gueridon hard-paste porcelain Ibid incised included Inscription inventory on December January July Monarchy June kiln Leloy letter dated liasse Louis Louis XVIII Louis-Philippe Louvre mark models motifs museum Napoleon objects ornament paid painted painter Paris pencil on paper pieces plates portraits pottery production recto Register Vbb Register Vj Regnier relief Riocreux royal Saint Saint-Amans sale price sales inventory Sevres Sevres manufactory Sevres's soft-paste porcelain stoneware sugar bowl surtout tasse tion transfer-printing vase Watercolor workshop