Elements of Chemistry, in a New Systematic Order: Containing All the Modern Discoveries

Frontcover
Courier Corporation, 1965 - 511 Seiten
6 Rezensionen
Monumental classic by the founder of modern chemistry is essential for undergraduate students. First explicit statement of law of conservation of matter in chemical change; first modern list of chemical elements; more. Facsimile reprint of original (1790) Kerr translation. Introduction by Professor Douglas McKie.
  

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Review: Elements of Chemistry

Nutzerbericht  - Gregory Brokaw - Goodreads

One of the great classics of science that nobody reads. With nothing but but what amounts to a child's chemistry set of today, L. builds an entire theory of chemistry and in essence develops atomic ... Vollständige Rezension lesen

Review: Elements of Chemistry

Nutzerbericht  - Michael Fogleman - Goodreads

Read the preface through chapter 8. Vollständige Rezension lesen

Ausgewählte Seiten

Inhalt

Of the Formation and Decomposition of Aeriform Fluidsof the Combustion of Simple Bodiesand the Formation of Acids
1
General Views relative to the Formation and Camposition of our Atmosphere
26
Analysis of Atmospheric Air and its Division into two Elastic Fluids the one fit for Respiration the other incapable of being respired
32
Namenclature of the several Constituent Parts of Atmospheric Air
48
Of the Decomposition of Oxygen Gas by Sulphur Phosphorus and Charcoaland of the Formation of Acids in general
54
Of the Nomenclature of Acids in general and particularly of those drawn from Nitre and SeaSalt
66
Of the Decomposition of Oxygen Gas by means of Metals and the Formation of Metallic Oxyds
78
Of the Radical Principle of Water and of its Decomposition by Charcoal and Iron
83
Of the Formation of Neutral Salts and of their different Bases
149
Continuation of the Observations upon Salifiable Bases and the Formation of Neutral Salts
161
Of the Combination of Acids with Salifiable Bases and of the Formation of Neutral Salts
173
Description of the Inſtruments and Operations of Chemistry
291
Of the Instruments necessary for determining the Absolute and Specific Gravities of Solid and Liquid Bodies
295
Of Gazometry or the Measurement of the Weight and Volume of Aëriform Substances
304
Description of the Calorimeter or Apparatus for measuring Caloric
343
Of Mechanical Operations for Division of Bodies
357

Of the quantities of Caloric disengaged from different species of Combustion
97
Of the Combination of Combustible Substances with each other
109
Observations upon Oxyds and Acids with several Basesand upon the Composition of Animal and Vegetable Substances
115
Of the Decomposition of Vegetable and animal Substances by the Action of Fire
123
Of the Decomposition of Vegetable Oxyds by the Vinous Fermentation
129
Of the Putrefactive Fermentation
141
Of the Acetous Fermentation
146
Of Chemical means for Separating the Particles of Bodies from each other without Decomposition and for uniting them again
367
Of Pneumatochemical Distillations Metallic Dissolutions and some other operations which require very complicated instruments
390
Of the Composition and Application of Lates
407
Of Operations upon Combustion and Deflagration
414
CHAPTER IX Of Deflagration
452
Of the Instruments necessary for Operating upon Bodies in very high Temperatures
460
Urheberrecht

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Beliebte Passagen

Seite xxiv - I shall therefore only add upon this subject that if by the term elements we mean to express those simple and indivisible atoms of which matter is composed, it is extremely probable we know nothing at all about them ; but, if we apply the term elements, or principles of bodies...
Seite xvii - In the study and practice of the sciences it is quite different; the false judgments we form neither affect our existence nor our welfare; and we are not forced by any physical necessity to correct them. Imagination, on the contrary, which is ever wandering beyond the bounds of truth, joined to self-love and that self-confidence we are so apt to indulge, prompt us to draw conclusions which are not immediately derived from facts; so that we become in some measure interested in deceiving ourselves.
Seite xxiv - All that can be said upon the number and nature of elements is, in my opinion, confined to discussions entirely of a metaphysical nature. The subject only furnishes us with indefinite problems, which may be solved in a thousand different ways, not one of which, in all probability, is consistent with nature. I shall therefore only add upon this subject that if by the term elements we mean...
Seite xvi - When we begin the study of any science, we are in a situation, respecting that science, similar to that of children; and the course by which we have to advance is precisely the same which nature follows in the formation of their ideas. In a child, the idea is merely an effect produced by a sensation; and, in the same manner, in commencing the study of a physical science, we ought to form no idea but what is a necessary consequence, and immediate effect, of an experiment or observation. Besides, he...

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Über den Autor (1965)

Born in Paris of a well-to-do family, Antoine Lavoisier received a good education, and, at an early age, became interested in science. He had an extraordinary ability to make accurate measurements and conduct careful experiments. Lavoisier made the measurement that Robert Boyle had neglected by weighing the tin oxide and the retort (particularly the air inside the retort), and noted that the total system did not gain or lose weight; he then concluded that during the calcination the metal received a substance from the air. Lavoisier realized that the true state of Joseph Priestley's "dephlogistonated air" consists of at least two substances---one that supports combustion, oxygen; and another, nitrogen. On May 8, 1794, Lavoisier was sent to the guillotine because he was part owner of a tax-collecting firm. According to tradition, the presiding judge responded to a plea on Lavoisier's behalf by saying, "The Republic has no need for scientists. Let justice take its course.

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